BMW 7 Series

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This article is about the BMW automobile series. For other uses, see 7 Series.
BMW 7 Series
BMW F01 front 20081213.jpg
Manufacturer BMW
Production 1977–present
Assembly Dingolfing, Germany[1]
Lerma, Toluca, Mexico[2][3][4]
Chennai, India[citation needed]
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury car (F)
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive
Predecessor BMW New Six

The BMW 7 Series a full-size luxury sedan produced by the German automaker BMW since 1977. It is the successor to the BMW E3 "New Six" sedan and is currently in its sixth generation.

The 7 Series is BMW's flagship car and is only available as a sedan or extended-length limousine. It traditionally introduces technologies and exterior design themes before they trickle down to smaller sedans in BMW's lineup.[5]

The first generation 7 Series was powered by straight-6 petrol engines, and following generations have been powered by straight-6, v8 and v12 engines with both natural aspiration and turbocharging. Since 1995, diesel engines have been included in the 7 Series range.

E23 (1977–1986)[edit]

BMW 7-Series (E23)
1983-1986 BMW 735i (E23) sedan (2011-03-23) 01.jpg
Production 1977–1986
285,029 built[6]
Engine six-cylinder petrol
Wheelbase 2,795 mm (110.0 in)[7]
Length 4,860 mm (191 in)[7]
Width 1,800 mm (71 in)[7]
Height 1,430 mm (56 in)[7]
Curb weight 1,530 kg (3,370 lb)−1,670 kg (3,680 lb)
Main article: BMW E23
BMW 735i (E23) sedan (Australia)

The BMW E23 is the first BMW 7 Series luxury car, produced by the German automaker BMW. Replacing the BMW E3 large sedan, the E23 was produced for ten years from 1977 to 1987 and was replaced by the BMW E32 7 Series in 1986.

E32 (1986–1994)[edit]

BMW 7-Series (E32)
Manufacturer BMW
Production 1986–1994
311,068 built[6][8]
Assembly Dingolfing, Germany[9]
Engine six-cylinder petrol
V8 petrol
V12 petrol
Wheelbase 2,833 mm (111.5 in)[10]
2,947 mm (116.0 in) (long)
Length 4,910 mm (193 in)
5,029 mm (198.0 in) (long)
Width 1,845 mm (72.6 in)
Height 1,400 mm (55 in)
1,435 mm (56.5 in) (long)
Curb weight 1,720 kg (3,790 lb)
1,930 kg (4,250 lb) (long)[11]
BMW 7 Series (E32) sedan (Europe)
Main article: BMW E32

In July 1986,[12] BMW introduced the second-generation 7-series, the E32. Some luxury options included integrated telephone and fax machines, a wine cooler, double glazing, traction control system, and a system that automatically increased spring pressure on the windscreen wipers, to keep them firmly pressed on the glass at Motorway speeds. The top-line E32 750iL was the first car in the world to offer High-Intensity Discharge headlamps.[13][14]

Initially the engine choices were all six-cylinder petrol, as per the previous generation. In 1987 a V12 engine was introduced. In 1992, V8 engines were added to the lineup (730i and 740i). The E32 (750i) was the first car adhering to BMW's self-imposed speed limit of 250 km/h (155.37 mph).[citation needed]

The E32 also introduced the extended wheelbase version (indicated by an 'L' from German Lang, after the model number) with extra rear leg room compared to the standard 7-series.

E38 (1994–2001)[edit]

BMW 7-Series (E38)
BMW 7er (E38) 20090314 front.jpg
Production February 17, 1994 – July 27, 2001
340,242 built [8][15]
Assembly Dingolfing, Germany
Toluca, Mexico[16]
Engine Petrol:
six-cylinder turbo
V8 turbo
Wheelbase 2,930 mm (115 in)
3,070 mm (121 in) (LWB)
Length 4,984 mm (196.2 in)
5,124 mm (201.7 in) (LWB)
Width 1,862 mm (73.3 in)
Height 1,425 mm (56.1 in)
1,435 mm (56.5 in) (LWB)
Curb weight 1,710 kg (3,770 lb)
2,185 kg (4,817 lb) (LWB)
Main article: BMW E38
BMW 735i sedan (Australia)

The third-generation E38 was produced between 1994–2001. It was the first 7-series to be available with a diesel engine and the first to have the option of a five-speed automatic transmission. BMW was also the first European car manufacturer to offer an integrated satellite navigation screen which featured on the E38 7 Series.[citation needed]

In the U.S. two engine options were available, a 4.0l (later revised to a 4.4l) V8 (740) and a V12 option (750).

BMW's flagship sedan was the E38 750il Armored. It was featured in the 1997 film Tomorrow Never Dies as the car driven by James Bond (Pierce Brosnan).[17]

BMW's E38 735i was featured in the 2002 film The Transporter driven by Jason Statham.

E65/E66/E67/E68 (2002–2008)[edit]

BMW 7-Series E65/E66/E67/E68
2005 BMW 740Li (E66) sedan (2015-07-16) 01.jpg
Production 2001–2008
Assembly Dingolfing, Germany
Rayong, Thailand
Cairo, Egypt
Toluca, Mexico[18][19]
Kaliningrad, Russia[20]
Engine Petrol:
3.0 L N52B30A Inline 6
4.0 L N60B40 V8
6.0 L V12
Inline 6 turbo
V8 turbo
Wheelbase 2,990 mm (117.7 in) (SWB)
3,129 mm (123.2 in) (LWB)
Length 5,029 mm (198.0 in) (2002–05 E65)
5,169 mm (203.5 in) (2002–05 E66)
5,039 mm (198.4 in) (2006–09 E65)
5,179 mm (203.9 in) (2006–09 E66)
Width 1,902 mm (74.9 in)
Main article: BMW E65/E66/E67/E68
Facelift BMW 730d (Germany)

The fourth-generation E65 7-series was produced from 2001 to 2008 (released as 2002–2008 models). The Hydrogen 7 is the first production BMW to be powered by hydrogen. Although previous generations of the 7 Series had long-wheelbase and protection variants, the E65 was the first iteration to use specific chassis codes for each version. E65 was the designation of the standard-wheelbase version, E66 was the long-wheelbase version, E67 of the high-security (armored) version and E68 of the Hydrogen 7.

The BMW 745i/Li (2002–2005) models featured a 4.4L V8 engine outputting 325 hp. Later on, the BMW 750i/Li (2006–2008) models featured a slightly more powerful 4.8L V8 engine outputting 360 hp. Moreover, the BMW 760i/Li (2002–2005) and 760Li (2006–2008) features a vastly more powerful, performance-tuned 6.0L V12 engine with 438 hp.

The E65 generated much controversy, due to its radical styling and iDrive user difficulties. Nonetheless, the E65 broke records to become the best-selling 7-series iteration ever, especially after its 2005 facelift. The E65/66 has been a subject of various media forms in pop culture during the early 2000s.

F01/F02 (2008–2015)[edit]

BMW 7-Series (F01/F02)
BMW 730d xDrive (F01) – Frontansicht, 31. Dezember 2012, Düsseldorf.jpg
Production 2008–2015
Assembly Dingolfing, Germany
Toluca, Mexico[19][21][22]
Kaliningrad, Russia (Avtotor)
Rayong, Thailand[16]
6th of October City, Egypt(BAG)[23]
Chennai, India
Engine Petrol:
ActiveHybrid 7 twin turbo hybrid
750i/Li V8 twin turbo
760i/Li V12 twin turbo
730d/Ld six-cylinder twin turbo[24]
750d/Ld six-cylinder triple turbo
Wheelbase 3,070 mm (120.9 in) (SWB)
3,210 mm (126.4 in) (LWB)
Length 5,072 mm (199.7 in) (2009–2011 SWB)
5,212 mm (205.2 in) (2009–2011 LWB)
5,215 mm (205 in) (2012– LWB)
5,075 mm (200 in) (2012– SWB)
Width 1,902 mm (74.9 in)
Height 1,478 mm (58 in) (2009–2011)
1,481 mm (58 in) (2012– LWB)
1,486 mm (59 in) (2012– LWB)
1,483 mm (58 in) (ActiveHybrid LWB)
Curb weight 1,955 kg (4,310.0 lb) (740i)
1,973 kg (4,349.7 lb) (740Li)
2,075 kg (4,574.6 lb) (750i)
2,152 kg (4,744.3 lb) (750i xDrive)
2,114 kg (4,660.6 lb) (750Li)
2,177 kg (4,799.5 lb) (750Li xDrive)
2,274 kg (5,013.3 lb) (760Li)
Main article: BMW 7 Series (F01)
2009 BMW 750i (USA)

The 5th generation F01/F02 went on sale in November 2008. The F01/F02 was the first 7-series available with an 8-speed automatic transmission and all-wheel drive. It is the first 7-series where all engines are turbocharged. (except for markets like Thailand where the 730Li remains non-turbocharged) The ActiveHybrid7 was the first 7-series to use an electric motor.

The front suspension is a double wishbone design, instead of the MacPherson struts used on previous generations.

It is in this generation that BMW changed the nomenclature from E to F01, thereby making it the first BMW to have so.

Also the model numbers have been changed for the new engine lineup - 730d/Ld for the 3.0l inline six 258 bhp diesel, ActiveHybrid 7 for the 3.0l inline six 310 bhp petrol hybrid, 750i/Li for the 4.4l V8 473 bhp petrol, 750d/Ld for the 3.0l inline six 385 bhp triple turbo diesel and 760Li for the 6.0l V12 544 bhp petrol.

All the engines are twin turbocharged for maximum efficiency and power.

For 2014 it received BMW's new second generation iDrive touchpad.

BMW ActiveHybrid 7

G11/G12 (2016–present)[edit]

7 Series (G11/G12)
BMW 7 G11 .jpg
Production 2015–
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
  • 3,070 mm (120.9 in) (G11)
  • 3,210 mm (126.4 in) (G12)
  • 5,098 mm (200.7 in) (G11)
  • 5,238 mm (206.2 in) (G12)
  • 1,902 mm (74.9 in) (G11)
  • 1,902 mm (74.9 in) (G12)
  • 1,467 mm (57.8 in) (G11)
  • 1,479 mm (58.2 in) (G12)
Kerb weight
  • G11: 1,755 kg (3,869.1 lb) - 1,980 kg (4,365.2 lb)
  • G12: 1,795 kg (3,957.3 lb) - 2,070 kg (4,563.6 lb)[25]
Main article: BMW 7 Series (G11)

The sixth generation of the 7 Series was revealed on June 10, 2015 at BMW's headquarters in Munich.[26] The G11 and G12, which is the codename for the extended wheelbase model, are the first passenger vehicles of BMW to be based on the modular BMW CLAR platform (cluster architecture).[27]

As development was heavily focused on reducing weight and increasing structural strength, the body construction uses a combination of carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP), high-tensile steel and aluminium. The suspension received air springs at both axles that are adjustable with electronic shock absorbers. The powertrain line-up consists of a 4.4 litre V8 and three engines from BMW's modular B-series engine architecture – two 3.0 litre inline-six engines in petrol and diesel form, as well a 2.0 litre inline-four engine for the hybrid model known as 740e. Initially, each engine will be available with an 8-speed automatic transmission that can be linked with the satellite navigation system.

The latest version of the lengthy saloon car features a plug-in hybrid variant for the first time. This new model effectively replaces the rather undersold ActiveHybrid7, itself a hybrid albeit ‘mild’. Officially titled the BMW 740e, BMW are keeping this plug-in hybrid as part of their main brand, instead of passing it off as an evocative ‘BMW i’ machine.[28][29][30]

Notable improvements to the infotainment and driver assistance systems include an automatic parking system that is controllable with a digital key fob and a more intuitive variant of the iDrive vehicle operating system, featuring touchscreen input and gesture recognition controls.

The sixth generation 7 Series entered production in June 2015,[31] with European sales being scheduled to begin in October 2015.[32][33]

Production and sales[edit]


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External links[edit]