BMW 7 Series
|BMW 7 Series|
Lerma, Toluca, Mexico
Chennai, India
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Full-size luxury car (F)|
|Body style||4-door sedan|
|Layout||Front engine, rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive|
|Predecessor||BMW New Six|
The BMW 7 Series is a line of full-size luxury vehicles produced by the German automaker BMW. Introduced in 1977, it is BMW's flagship car and is only available as a sedan or extended-length limousine. The 7 Series traditionally introduces technologies and exterior design themes before they trickle down to smaller sedans in BMW's lineup.
|BMW 7-Series (E23)|
|Wheelbase||2,795 mm (110.0 in)|
|Length||4,860 mm (191 in)|
|Width||1,800 mm (71 in)|
|Height||1,430 mm (56 in)|
|Curb weight||1,530 kg (3,370 lb)−1,670 kg (3,680 lb)|
The BMW E23 is the first BMW 7 Series luxury car, produced by the German automaker BMW. Replacing the BMW E3 large sedan, the E23 was produced for ten years from 1977 to 1987 and was replaced by the BMW E32 7 Series in 1986.
|BMW 7-Series (E32)|
|Wheelbase||2,833 mm (111.5 in)
2,947 mm (116.0 in) (long)
|Length||4,910 mm (193 in)
5,029 mm (198.0 in) (long)
|Width||1,845 mm (72.6 in)|
|Height||1,400 mm (55 in)
1,435 mm (56.5 in) (long)
|Curb weight||1,720 kg (3,790 lb)
1,930 kg (4,250 lb) (long)
In July 1986, BMW introduced the second-generation 7-series, the E32. Some luxury options included integrated telephone and fax machines, a wine cooler, double glazing, traction control system, and a system that automatically increased spring pressure on the windscreen wipers, to keep them firmly pressed on the glass at Motorway speeds. The top-line E32 750iL was the first car in the world to offer High-Intensity Discharge headlamps.
Initially the engine choices were all six-cylinder petrol, as per the previous generation. In 1987 a V12 engine was introduced. In 1992, V8 engines were added to the lineup (730i and 740i). The E32 (750i) was the first car adhering to BMW's self-imposed speed limit of 250 km/h (155.37 mph).
The E32 also introduced the extended wheelbase version (indicated by an 'L' from German Lang, after the model number) with extra rear leg room compared to the standard 7-series.
|BMW 7-Series (E38)|
|Production||February 17, 1994–July 27, 2001
340,242 built 
|Wheelbase||2,930 mm (115 in)
3,070 mm (121 in) (LWB)
|Length||4,984 mm (196.2 in)
5,124 mm (201.7 in) (LWB)
|Width||1,862 mm (73.3 in)|
|Height||1,425 mm (56.1 in)
1,435 mm (56.5 in) (LWB)
|Curb weight||1,710 kg (3,770 lb)
2,185 kg (4,817 lb) (LWB)
The third-generation E38 was produced between 1994–2001. It was the first 7-series to be available with a diesel engine and the first to have the option of a five-speed automatic transmission. BMW was also the first European car manufacturer to offer an integrated satellite navigation screen which featured on the E38 7 Series.
In the U.S. two engine options were available, a 4.0l (later reveised to a 4.4l) V8 (740) and a V12 option (750).
|BMW 7-Series E65/E66/E67/E68|
3.0 L N52B30A Inline 6
4.0 L N60B40 V8
6.0 L V12
Inline 6 turbo
|Wheelbase||2,990 mm (117.7 in) (SWB)
3,129 mm (123.2 in) (LWB)
|Length||5,029 mm (198.0 in) (2002-05 E65)
5,169 mm (203.5 in) (2002-05 E66)
5,039 mm (198.4 in) (2006-09 E65)
5,179 mm (203.9 in) (2006-09 E66)
|Width||1,902 mm (74.9 in)|
The fourth-generation E65 7-series was produced from 2001 to 2008 (released as 2002-2008 models). The Hydrogen 7 is the first production BMW to be powered by hydrogen. Although previous generations of the 7 Series had long-wheelbase and protection variants, the E65 was the first iteration to use specific chassis codes for each version. E65 was the designation of the standard-wheelbase version, E66 was the long-wheelbase version, E67 of the high-security (armored) version and E68 of the Hydrogen 7.
The BMW 745i/Li (2002-2005) models featured a 4.4L V8 engine outputting 325 hp. Later on, the BMW 750i/Li (2006-2008) models featured a slightly more powerful 4.8L V8 engine outputting 360 hp. Moreover, the BMW 760i/Li (2002-2005) and 760Li (2006–2008) features a vastly more powerful, performance-tuned 6.0L V12 engine with 438 hp.
The E65 generated much controversy, due to its radical styling and iDrive user difficulties. Nonetheless, the E65 broke records to become the best-selling 7-series iteration ever, especially after its 2005 facelift. The E65/66 has been a subject of various media forms in pop culture during the early 2000s.
|BMW 7-Series (F01/F02)|
Kaliningrad, Russia (Avtotor)
6th of October City, Egypt(BAG)
ActiveHybrid 7 twin turbo hybrid
750i/Li V8 twin turbo
760i/Li V12 twin turbo
730d/Ld six-cylinder twin turbo
750d/Ld six-cylinder triple turbo
|Wheelbase||3,070 mm (120.9 in) (SWB)
3,210 mm (126.4 in) (LWB)
|Length||5,072 mm (199.7 in) (2009-2011 SWB)
5,212 mm (205.2 in) (2009-2011 LWB)
5,215 mm (205 in) (2012- LWB)
5,075 mm (200 in) (2012- SWB)
|Width||1,902 mm (74.9 in)|
|Height||1,478 mm (58 in) (2009-2011)
1,481 mm (58 in) (2012- LWB)
1,486 mm (59 in) (2012- LWB)
1,483 mm (58 in) (ActiveHybrid LWB)
|Curb weight||1,955 kg (4,310.0 lb) (740i)
1,973 kg (4,349.7 lb) (740Li)
2,075 kg (4,574.6 lb) (750i)
2,152 kg (4,744.3 lb) (750i xDrive)
2,114 kg (4,660.6 lb) (750Li)
2,177 kg (4,799.5 lb) (750Li xDrive)
2,274 kg (5,013.3 lb) (760Li)
The 5th generation F01/F02 went on sale in November 2008. The F01/F02 was the first 7-series available with an 8-speed automatic transmission and all-wheel drive. It is the first 7-series where all engines are turbocharged. (except for markets like Thailand where the 730Li remains non-turbocharged) The ActiveHybrid7 was the first 7-series to use an electric motor.
It is in this generation that BMW changed the nomenclature from E to F01, thereby making it the first BMW to have so.
Also the model numbers have been changed for the new engine lineup. 730d/Ld for the 3.0l inline six 258 bhp diesel, ActiveHybrid 7 for the 3.0l inline six 310 bhp petrol hybrid, 750i/Li for the 4.4l V8 473 bhp petrol, 750d/Ld for the 3.0l inline six 385 bhp triple turbo diesel and 760Li for the 6.0l V12 544 bhp petrol.
All the engines are twin turbocharged for maximum efficiency and power.
For 2014 it received BMW's new second generation iDrive touchpad.
|7 Series (G11/G12)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door saloon|
|Layout||Front engine, rear-wheel drive / all-wheel drive|
The sixth generation of the 7 Series was revealed on June 10, 2015 at BMW's headquarters in Munich. The G11 and G12, which is the codename for the extended wheelbase model, are the first passenger vehicles of BMW to be based on the modular BMW CLAR platform (cluster architecture).
As development was heavily focused on reducing weight and increasing structural strength, the body construction uses a combination of carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP), high-tensile steel and aluminium. The suspension received air springs at both axles that are adjustable with electronic shock absorbers.
The powertrain line-up consists of a 4.4 litre V8 and three engines from BMW's modular B-series engine architecture - two 3.0 litre inline-six engines in petrol and diesel form, as well a 2.0 litre inline-four engine for the hybrid model known as 740e. Initially, each engine will be available with an 8-speed automatic transmission that can be linked with the satellite navigation system.
The latest version of the lengthy saloon car features a plug-in hybrid variant for the first time. This new model effectively replaces the rather undersold ActiveHybrid7, itself a hybrid albeit ‘mild’. Officially titled the BMW 740e, BMW are keeping this plug-in hybrid as part of their main brand, instead of passing it off as an evocative ‘BMW i’ machine.   
Notable improvements to the infotainment and driver asistance systems include an automatic parking system that is controllable with a digital key fob and a more intuitive variant of the iDrive vehicle operating system, featuring touchscreen input and gesture recognition controls.
Production and sales
|Calendar year||Total production||US sales (hybrid)||China sales|
- monocom gmbh Dingolfing. "BMW Werk Dingolfing". Bmw-werk-dingolfing.de. Retrieved 2009-10-14.
- "Vehicle manufacturer profiles". Automotive World. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "Bmw Toluca Planta De Automoviles - Carr Mexico-toluca Km 47.5, Lerma, Estado De Mexico". solunet-infomex.com. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "2011 BMW 5-series / 535i - Second Drive - Auto Reviews". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2010-10-15.
- Oswald, Werner (2001). Deutsche Autos 1945–1990, Band 4 (1st ed.). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-613-02131-5.
- "Fahrbericht: BMW 728 / 730 / 733 i". Auto, Motor und Sport. Heft. 11 1977: Seite 34–42. 25 May 1977.
- Kittler, Eberhard (2001). Deutsche Autos seit 1990, Band 5 (1st ed.). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-613-02128-5.
- "Vehicle manufacturer profiles". Automotive World. Retrieved 2011-09-24.
- "BMW E32 730 @ carfolio". Carfolio.com. 2008-04-03. Retrieved 2011-09-24.
- "BMW E32 750 @ carfolio". Carfolio.com. 2008-04-03. Retrieved 2011-09-24.
- shogun. "E32 7 series series buying guide". Bimmerboard.com. Retrieved 2009-09-26.
- Behrend, Jürgen. Hella 1899-1999. p. 97.
- Neumann, Rainer; Woerner, B. (1993). "Litronic – New Automotive Headlamp Technology with Gas Discharge Lamp". Automotive Design Engineering: 152–156.
- Auto Katalog, 2003 edition, p. 312. Note: Figures include early E65 production.
- "Vehicle manufacturer profiles". Automotive World. Retrieved 2011-08-29.
- "James Bond multimedia | BMW 750iL". Jamesbondmm.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-02-12.
- "BMW car factory in Mexico. | Russell Gordon Photography SERBIA". Russellgordon.photoshelter.com. 2002-02-20. Retrieved 2010-08-21.
- "Vehicle manufacturer profiles". Automotive World. Retrieved 2010-11-16.
- "Группа компаний Автотор :: Автомобили BMW" (in Russian). Avtotor.ru. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
- [dead link]
- "BMW X5 Security: Your body-guard Made-In-Mexico". Autoarabia.org. Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-29.
- "Bavarian Auto Group". Bag-eg.com. 2010-04-09. Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Paul Tan (June 25, 2009). "F01/F02 BMW 7-Series gets updated with new 740d, xDrive and M-Sport kit!". Paul Tan's Automotive News. Retrieved June 25, 2009.
- Elaine Hardcastle (2015-06-10). "BMW touts computing power more than horsepower in new 7-series". Reuters. Retrieved 2015-06-28.
- Georg Kacher (2015-04-17). "Executive saloon fight 2016! Next-gen BMW 5-series vs Mercedes E-class". carmagazine.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-28.
- Key Details About the New BMW 7-Series PHEV
- All-New BMW 7 Series PHEVs
- BMW plans PHEV versions of its entire model range
- "Start of production of new BMW 7 Series at Plant Dingolfing" (Press release). BMW Group PressGroup Global. 2015-06-10. Retrieved 2015-06-28.
- "The All-New BMW 7 Series" (Press release). BMW Group PressClub Global. Retrieved 2015-06-28.
- Greg Kable (2015-06-07). "2015 BMW 7 Series - first images leaked ahead of official reveal". autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-10.
- "BMW Ends Best Year Ever By Shattering 100,000-Vehicle Luxury Automotive Sales Barrier in the U.S.". Thefreelibrary.com. 1997-01-07. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "BMW (Rover) Sales & Production Databook". 2006. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "BMW Delivers Strongest Sales Success Ever in 2000". Thefreelibrary.com. 2001-01-03. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "BMW Group Ends Best Year Ever With Record Month; December Sales Up 43 Percent; Year-to-date Sales Up 20 Percent". Thefreelibrary.com. 2003-01-03. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "BMW Group Shatters All Past Annual Sales Records in 2004". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
- "BMW Group Sets All-Time Annual Sales Record, Highest Sales Month Ever in 2005". Theautochannel.com. 2006-01-04. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
- "BMW Group Reports 2006 - Strongest Year Ever". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
- "Annual Report 2007 - BMW remains the most successful premium car brand in the world". BMW Group. 2008-03-18. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "Annual Report 2008 - BMW sales volume influenced by model life cycle factors". BMW Group. 2009-03-18. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "Annual Report 2009 - BMW brand sales volume below previous year's level.". BMW Group. 2010-03-17. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "BMW Group U.S. Reports December 2010 Sales" (Press release). New Jersey: Prnewswire.com. 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "BMW Group". BMW Group. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "December 2010 Dashboard: Year End Tally". Hybrid Cars. 2011-01-07. Archived from the original on 12 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "2010年BMW品牌销售16万辆 MINI品牌超万辆-汽车频道_中华网" (in Chinese). Auto.china.com. 2011-01-11. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "BMW Group Achieves Second Best Sales Year Ever in the U.S. - WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 5, 2012 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey: Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to BMW 7 Series.|
|« previous — BMW road car timeline, 1980s–present|
|Compact||1 Series||E82 / E88|
|E81 / E87||F20 / F21|
|2 Series||F22 / F23|
|BMW 3 Series Compact||E36/5||E46/5|
|Compact executive||3 Series||E21||E30||E36||E46||E90 / E91 / E92 / E93||F30 / F31 / F35|
|4 Series||F32 / F33|
|Executive||5 Series||E12||E28||E34||E39||E60 / E61||F10 / F11|
|Luxury||6 Series||E24||E63 / E64||F12 / F13|
|7 Series||E23||E32||E38||E65 / E66 / E67 / E68||F01 / F02 / F03 / F04|
|Roadster||Z Series||E30 (Z1)||E36/7 & E36/8 (Z3)||E85 / E86 (Z4)||E89 (Z4)|
|M||1 Series M||E82 M|
|M3||E30 M3||E36 M3||E46 M3||E90/92/93 M3||F80|
|M4||F82 / F83|
|M5||E28 M5||E34 M5||E39 M5||E60/61 M5||F10 M5|
|M6||E24 M635CSi/M6||E63/64 M6||F06/12/13 M6|
|M Roadster||E36/7 (Z3) M||E85 (Z4) M|
|M Coupé||E36/8 M Coupé||E86 M Coupé|
|Sports car||E26 (M1)||E52 (Z8)|
|X6||E71 / E72||F16|