BMW 7 Series (E65)
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|BMW 7 Series
|Designer||Adrian van Hooydonk (1998)
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Full-size luxury car (F)|
|Body style||4-door sedan|
3.0 L M54 I6
3.0 L N52 I6
3.6 - 4.8 L N62 V8
6.0 L N73 V12
3.0 L M57 I6
3.9 - 4.4 L M67 V8
|Wheelbase||E65: 2,990 mm (117.7 in)
E66: 3,130 mm (123.2 in)
|Length||E65 pre-LCI: 5,029 mm (198.0 in)
E65 LCI: 5,039 mm (198.4 in)
E66 pre-LCI: 5,169 mm (203.5 in)
E66 LCI: 5,179 mm (203.9 in)
|Width||1,902 mm (74.9 in)|
|Height||1,484–1,492 mm (58.4–58.7 in)|
|Curb weight||1,805–2,225 kg (3,979–4,905 lb)|
|Predecessor||BMW 7 Series (E38)|
|Successor||BMW 7 Series (F01)|
- sedan (E65 model code)
- long-wheelbase sedan (E66 model code)
- armoured car sedan (E67 model code)
- hydrogen-powered sedan (E68 model code, marketed as Hydrogen 7)
The E65 was the first BMW to include iDrive, "flame-surfacing" exterior styling, active anti-roll bars, a 6-speed automatic transmission, an electronic Smart Key (dispensing with the traditional metallic key) and night vision. The 760i model was the world's first production V12 engine to use direct injection.
In late 2008, the F01 7 Series replaced the E65.
- 1 Development and launch
- 2 Exterior styling
- 3 iDrive
- 4 Interior
- 5 Equipment
- 6 Models
- 7 Special models
- 8 Model year changes
- 9 Production volumes
- 10 References
Development and launch
Development for the BMW E65 7 Series began in early 1996. In 1997 Chris Bangle delivered a brief to BMW's Munich and DesignworksUSA studios, after competition between 20 designers Adrian van Hooydonk's design was selected. Production specifications were frozen in January 1999. The design of the BMW E65 7 Series was patented 16 November 2000 and development ended in mid-2001. It was introduced at the Frankfurt Auto Show in 2001.
Under the direction of Chris Bangle, BMW's Design Chief at the time, the arrival of the BMW E65 7 Series heralded a new styling era for BMW.
BMW's board of directors were keen to move the company's image into the future, and the inital styling sketches from 1998 by Adrian van Hooydonk were of a fastback body style - even more radical than the eventual production model. The controversial "flame surfacing" design theme greatly contrasted the conservative lines of its E38 predecessor. The rear end styling was nicknamed the "Bangle Butt", due to the elongated rear bootlid.
Dimensionally the E65 7 Series is 45mm longer, 38mm wider and 60mm taller than the E38. The wheelbase is 5,029 mm (198 in), an increase of 60mm over the outgoing model. Despite these increased dimensions, the E65 7 Series is only 15 kg (33 lb) heavier than the E38.
The E65 was the first BMW to use the iDrive infotainment system. The system was built on hardware similar to previous models, but featured a new interface primarily based on a central control knob. Many of the functions such as climate, navigation, seat heating, telephony and car settings were incorporated into a single system allowing centralised control of those functions. Early versions of iDrive were criticised for a steep learning curve and complicated menu structures.
The first generation of the system relied on CD media for map data. In March 2003, the maps switched to DVD format, a faster processor was used and 'Menu' and 'Customisable' button were added below the control knob. In 2005, dedicated buttons were added to change radio stations or skip tracks and a brighter screen was used for the 8.8" widescreen option.
The E65 contained many departures from automotive interior design conventions. BMW removed the traditional console mounted gear selector replacing it with a steering-column mounted stalk, in favour of two cup holders. The e-brake is controlled using a button on the dashboard. The seats adjustment controls were moved from their traditional place on the side of the seat base to the inside of the raised central console, which drew some criticisms. Unlike most BMWs since 1975 (including the E65's predecessor and successor), the centre instrument panel is not angled towards the driver.
Compared to the outgoing E38 model, the E65 7 Series has more shoulder room in the front and the rear, and increased rear headroom.
The E65 was the flagship model and the most technologically advanced car produced by BMW at the time.
The following features were first introduced on the E65:
- V8 models were the first to use BMW's new N62 V8 engine. This was the world's first engines to use a continuously variable-length intake manifold. It was also the first V8 engine to use variable valve lift (Valvetronic). The variable valve lift replaces throttle butterflies (during normal running conditions) for added response, efficiency and power.
- World's first car to use active anti-roll bars (Active Roll Stabilisation) to reduce body roll when cornering. It uses a hydraulic servo in the middle of the anti-roll bar to actively counteract body roll, to reduce body roll without the traditional trade-off in ride comfort.
- World's first directional headlights (Adaptive Headlights) which could electronically adjust the low beam lights horizontally (during turns) and vertically (based on rear axle load) adjustment of the low beam. Also, the E65 was the first BMW available with Bi-Xenon (HID) headlights.
- World’s first 6-speed automatic transmission in a sedan.
- Electronic key-fob replaced the traditional blade key.
- World's first car with an Electric park brake. This could automatically activate in stop-and-go traffic situations and when the ignition was switched off.
- First BMW with DVD-based GPS Automotive navigation system.
- First BMW to feature "Push-Button-Start". The rectangular key-fob was inserted into a slot next to the steering wheel and the driver would push a button to start the engine. This method of starting the car would be the precursor for all future BMW models.
- Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC), however this was available in some markets on the previous generation 7-series (E38).
- The optional Automatic Soft Close system minimized the force required to close the doors and boot lid, and would completely close them if improperly closed.
- Two fibre optic electronic networks: MOST Bus (Media Orientated System Transport) and "Byteflight" (safety systems bus). These busses operate at 22.5Mbit/s and 10Mbit/s respectively. Also, the I-bus, K-bus and P-bus were replaced by the K-CAN (Body-Controller Area Network). This increased the system speed from 9.6kbit/s to 100kbit/s.
|2002–2004||170 kW (228 hp)||300 N·m (221 lb·ft)||8.0 s||150 mph (241 km/h)|
|2004–2008||190 kW (255 hp)||300 N·m (221 lb·ft)||7.5 s||147 mph (237 km/h)|
|2001–2004||200 kW (268 hp)||360 N·m (266 lb·ft)||7.5 s||155 mph (249 km/h)|
|2004–2008||225 kW (302 hp)||390 N·m (288 lb·ft)||6.5 s||155 mph (249 km/h)|
|2001–2004||245 kW (329 hp)||450 N·m (332 lb·ft)||6.0 s||155 mph (249 km/h)|
|2004–2008||270 kW (362 hp)||490 N·m (361 lb·ft)||5.7 s||155 mph (249 km/h)|
|2002–2008||327 kW (439 hp)||600 N·m (443 lb·ft)||5.3 s||155 mph (249 km/h)|
|2006-2008||368 kW (493 hp)||700 N·m (516 lb·ft)||4.9 s||186 mph (299 km/h)|
|2001–2004||160 kW (215 hp)||500 N·m (369 lb·ft)||7.7 s||146 mph (235 km/h)|
|2005–2008||170 kW (228 hp)||520 N·m (384 lb·ft)||7.5 s||146 mph (235 km/h)|
|2002–2004||193 kW (259 hp)||600 N·m (443 lb·ft)||7.1 s||155 mph (249 km/h)|
|2005–2006||220 kW (295 hp)||700 N·m (516 lb·ft)||6.5 s||155 mph (249 km/h)|
|2006–2008||240 kW (322 hp)||750 N·m (553 lb·ft)||6.5 s||155 mph (249 km/h)|
The first-generation of Alpina B7 models is based on the E65 745i. The Alpina B7 prototype was introduced to the public in the 2003 Geneva Motor Show in March, the production version was unveiled at the 2003 Frankfurt Motor Show and production began in February 2004. A long-wheelbase model, based on the E66 platform, started production a few years later.[when?]
The Alpina B7 uses a supercharged version of the 4.4-litre V8 found in the 745i/Li, and was the first Alpina model to feature a supercharged engine. The official performance figures are a top speed of 300 km/h (186 mph) and 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) of 4.9 seconds.
Exterior changes for the B7 include a more prominent front spoiler, a rear spoiler (to increase stability at high speeds), 21 inch wheels in the traditional Alpina multi-spoke style and Alpina badges. Interior changes include sports seats, a blue background and red needles for the instrument cluster, different wood trim, a three spoke steering wheel with shift paddles, revised door sill trims and a silver plated production plaque.
The B7 was built in the Dingolfing BMW plant alongside the regular E65 models.. 803 units were produced for North America, from November 2006 to January 2008. These cars were built completely at the BMW plant meaning that there was no custom Alpina interior available, so BMW offered BMW Nasca leather as standard. The chassis number for the E65 B7 is a BMW code, rather than Alpina. An additional 311 cars were produced February 2004 to September 2008 for other countries[where?]. The chassis number for these additional cars is by Alpina, not BMW.
Long-Wheelbase 7 Series (E66)
The E66 long-wheelbase models were introduced in June 2000. There models, badged "Li", are 140 mm (6 in) longer compared to the normal E65 7 Series models, which is reflected in the extra rear legroom.
BMW High Security 7 Series (E67)
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The BMW High Security 7 Series was the high security version of the BMW E65 7 Series. The 760Li high security was introduced at the 2003 Geneva Motor Show with the 745Li arriving in September 2003.
The BMW High Security 7 Series met the requirements of the B6/7 weapons standard, and are able to withstand explosions or bullets. The underbody protection prevents grenade fragments from entering the passenger cell, and has been tested with hand grenades detonated below the driver and rear seats. Fibre-Reinforced material and special steel elements are used against armour piercing munitions, and the material prevents fragment and secondary projectiles from entering the passenger compartment and also keeps the angle of dispersion as small as possible. The BMW High Security 7 Series also features a multi-layer laminated triple glazing with an internal polycarbonate layer to protect passengers from glass fragments and run-flat tires (Michelin PAX System) allowing one to continue driveing with flat tires at up to 80km/h for approximately 50km. Other exclusive features for the BMW High Security 7 Series also includes an 'Emergency Exit via the Front Windscreen', an Intercom system with an additional 'Attack Alarm' function, a Remote Starting System, a Fire-Extinguishing system with temperature sensors, an Emergency Fresh Air System, windows that can lower partially by 210mm and an Automatic Central Locking when Moving off.
Owners and chauffeurs of the BMW High Security 7 Series are offered exclusive special training programmes to practice the requirements of car control in case of a critical driving condition. BMW also offers a special 'buy back' service of Security Cars which are up to seven years old to prevent High Security models from going to the wrong people. The models are thoroughly inspected in BMW's Dingolfing plant, and then sold or go into BMW's 'car pool'. Cars from the 'Security Car Pool' are then made available for potential customers throughout the world at short notice.
BMW Hydrogen 7 (E68)
The BMW Hydrogen 7 is a limited production model based on the 760Li that uses a hydrogen-powered engine. It uses a modified version of the 760Li's N73 V12 engine that produces 191 kW (256 bhp). Claimed fuel economy is 50 L/100 km (4.7 mpg‑US) and the hydrogen is stored as a liquid in an insulated 170 L (45 US gal) tank.
Only 100 cars were made, which were leased to high-profile customers, in order to promote the use of hydrogen vehicles.
Model year changes
- iDrive updates: Addition of 'Menu' and 'Customisable' buttons, maps switched to DVD format and a faster processor was used.
- Exterior styling revised to soften appearance.
2005 facelift (LCI)
In March 2005, the E65 facelift (also known as LCI) was released. In the United States, it was sold as the 2006 model year. The facelift features significant exterior styling revisions, to soften the appearance.
The major changes are:
- Revised styling for front and rear bodywork, headlights and tail-lights (including removal of the centre light bar running across the boot lid). BMW offered "conversion kits" which could be purchased by existing owners to apply these exterior changes to pre-facelift cars.
- Automatic gear shifter became a stalk on the steering column
- iDrive updates including a simplified interface, clearer graphics and the iDrive controller now having a leather top surface.
- 745i replaced by 750i, with an extra 25 kW (34 bhp). of power.
- 735i replaced by 740i, with an extra 25 kW (34 bhp) of power.
- 740d replaced by 745d, with an extra 20 kW (27 bhp) of power.
- 730i engine upgraded from M54 to N52, for a 20 kW (27 bhp) increase in power.
- 730d power increased by 10 kW (13 bhp).
- Rear track width increased by 14 mm (0.55 in).
- Adaptive cruise control upgraded to ACC II.
In late 2005, BMW introduced BMW Night Vision on its E65 7 Series. This system uses passive infrared and processes far infrared radiation, which minimises non-essential information placing a greater emphasis on pedestrians and animals, allows for a range of 300 m (980 ft), and avoids "dazzle" from headlights, road lights and similar intense light sources.
At the same time, automatic beam switching (High-Beam Assistant) was introduced. This system detects oncoming light sources to automatically engage the high beam lights in dark areas and then dip the high beam lights to avoid dazzling oncoming traffic.
The following is a list showing the number of BMW E65 7 Series models produced.
|Year||Available Engines||Production volume|
|2002*||730i, 735i, 745i, 760i, 730d, 740d||53,904|
|2003||730i, 735i, 745i, 760i, 730d, 740d||57,899|
|2004||730i, 735i, 740i, 745i, 750i, 760i, 740d, 745d||47,689|
|2005||730i, 740i, 750i, 760i, 730d, 745d||50,062|
|2006||730i, 740i, 750i, 760i, 730d, 745d||50,227|
|2007||730i, 740i, 750i, 760i, 730d, 745d||44,421|
|2008||730i, 740i, 750i, 760i, 730d, 745d||38,835|
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|Compact||1 Series||E81 / E87||F20 / F21|
|E82 / E88|
|2 Series||F22 / F23|
|F45 / F46|
|3 Series Compact||E36/5||E46/5|
|Compact executive||3 Series||E21||E30||E36||E46||E90 / E91 / E92 / E93||F30 / F31 / F35|
|4 Series||F32 / F33|
|Executive||5 Series||E12||E28||E34||E39||E60 / E61||F10 / F11||G30|
|Luxury||6 Series||E24||E63 / E64||F12 / F13|
|7 Series||E23||E32||E38||E65 / E66 / E67 / E68||F01 / F02 / F03 / F04||G11 / G12|
|Roadster||Z Series||E30 (Z1)||E36/7 & E36/8 (Z3)||E85 / E86 (Z4)||E89 (Z4)|
|M||1 Series M||E82 M|
|M3||E30 M3||E36 M3||E46 M3||E90/92/93 M3||F80|
|M4||F82 / F83|
|M5||E28 M5||E34 M5||E39 M5||E60/61 M5||F10 M5|
|M6||E24 M635CSi/M6||E63/64 M6||F06/12/13 M6|
|M Roadster||E36/7 (Z3) M||E85 (Z4) M|
|M Coupé||E36/8 M Coupé||E86 M Coupé|
|Sports car||E26 (M1)||E52 (Z8)|
|X6||E71 / E72||F16|
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