BMW M30

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BMW M30
Bmw-m30b35-right.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer BMW
Production 1968–1994
Combustion chamber
Configuration Straight-6
Chronology
Predecessor None
Successor BMW M60 V8
BMW M50

The BMW M30 is a straight-6 SOHC piston engine which was produced from 1968 to 1994. The first model to use the 2494 cc version of the M30 was the E3 2500. Over its 28-year lifespan, the M30 was used in many BMW models. Although there was no direct replacement for the M30 engine, effectively the v8 M60 and straight-6 M50 (smaller capacity than the M30, but with DOHC) took over from the M30.

Initially, the engine code was "M06", before it was renamed the M30 in the mid 1980s. The engine has been given the nicknames of 'Big Six' and 'Senior Six', following the introduction of the smaller BMW M20 straight-6 in the late 1970s.

Ward's have rated the M30 as one of the "Top Engines of the 20th Century".[1]

Development[edit]

The M30 was originally developed in the late 1960s, loosely based on the straight-four BMW M10 engine first used in the 'Neue Klasse' BMW 1500.[2] Several features, including a 30-degree cam to the right for a lower profile, a crossflow head and a gas flow head in later models design, and a chain-driven single overhead cam with rocker arm valve actuation, are common between the M10 and the M30.[3] Further similarities include a cast-iron block with an aluminium head and a forged crankshaft. The first two engines introduced were the 2.8 and the 2.5 litre option, both short-stroke engines sharing a common bore.[2]

Models[edit]

Engine Displacement Power Torque Bore Stroke Redline CR Year
2500 version 2494 cc 110 kW (150 hp) @ 6000 211 N·m (156 lb·ft) @ 3700 86mm 71.6mm 9.0 1968
2800 version 2788 cc 125 kW (168 hp) @ 6000 234 N·m (173 lb·ft) @ 3700 86mm 80mm 9.0 1968
3.0CS version 2986 cc 132 kW (177 hp) @ 6000 255 N·m (188 lb·ft) @ 3700 89mm 80mm 9.0 1971
3.0CSi version 2986 cc 147 kW (197 hp) @ 5500 272 N·m (201 lb·ft) @ 4300 89mm 80mm 9.5 1971
M30B25 2494 cc 110 kW (150 hp) @ 6000 211 N·m (156 lb·ft) @ 3700 86mm 71.6mm 9.0 1973
M30B28
carburetor
2788 cc 125 kW (168 hp) @ 5800 233 N·m (172 lb·ft) @ 4000 86mm 80mm 9.3 1975
M30B28
injected
2788 cc 135 kW (181 hp) @ 5800 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 4200 86mm 80mm 6500 9.3 1978
M30B30 2986 cc 135 kW (181 hp) @ 5500 260 N·m (190 lb·ft) @ 4300 89mm 80mm 1975
M30B32 3210 cc 145 kW (194 hp) @ 5500 285 N·m (210 lb·ft) @ 4300 89mm 86mm 1976
M30B34
North America (catalyst)
3428 cc 136 kW (182 hp) @ 5400 290 N·m (210 lb·ft) @ 4000 92mm 86mm 6200 8.0 1985
M30B34
Europe (non-catalyst)
3428 cc 160 kW (210 hp) @ 5800 310 N·m (230 lb·ft) @ 4200 92mm 86mm 6200 10.0 1985
M30B35 3428 cc 155 kW (208 hp) @ 5700 305 N·m (225 lb·ft) @ 4000 92mm 86mm 6200 9.0 1988

2.5 litre[edit]

The first model to use the 2494 cc version of the M30 was the E3 2500 in 1968. Unless otherwise noted, these engines use a carburetor.

Applications:

  • 1968-1977 E3 2500
  • 1974-1975 E9 2.5 CS
  • 1973–1976 E12 525 (107 kW)
  • 1975-1979 E23 725 (110 kW)
  • 1976–1981 E12 525 (110 kW)
  • 1981–1987 E28 525i (110 kW, fuel injected)[4]

2.8 litre[edit]

A 2.8 litre version of the M30, this appeared in 1968 in the then new E3 2800 and E9 2800CS. It has a bore of 86 mm, a stroke of 80 mm and a displacement of 2,788 cc (170.1 cu in).[5] In the E24 628 CSi, it uses Bosch L-Jetronic fuel injection.[5] Originally, two Solex Zenith "35/40 INAT" carburetors are used, the compression ratio is 9.0:1 and the engine produces 170 PS (125 kW) and 24.0 kg·m (235 N·m; 174 lb·ft).[6]

Applications:

  • 1968-1974 E3 2800
  • 1971 E3 Bavaria
  • 1968-1971 E9 2800CS
  • 1975-1976 E12 528 (125 kW, carburetor)[7]
  • 1977-1979 E23 728 (125 kW, carburetor)
  • 1976-1978 E12 528 (130 kW, carburetor)
  • 1977-1978 E12 528i (129 kW, fuel injected, lower compression ratio, North America only)
  • 1978-1981 E12 528i (135 kW, fuel injected)
  • 1979-1986 E23 728i (135 kW, fuel injected)
  • 1979–1987 E24 628CSi (135 kW, fuel injected)
  • 1981-1987 E28 528i (135 kW, fuel injected)[8]

3.0 litre[edit]

This version was produced from 1971 until 1992. It has a bore of 89 mm, a stroke of 80 mm and a displacement of 2986 cc. The first model to use the carburetted version of the 3 litre M30 was the E9 3.0CS. There was also the first fuel-injected M30 version for the CSi and later Si models, which uses the Bosch D-Jetronic fuel injection system.[9]

Applications (carburettor):

Fuel injected
  • 1971-1975 E9 3.0CSi
  • 1972-1973 E9 3.0CSL
  • 1974-1975 E3 3.0Si
  • 1975–1978 E12 530 (130 kW, South Africa only)
  • 1975–1978 E12 530i (131 kW, North America only)
  • 1976 E12 530 MLE (147 kW, South Africa only)
  • 1977–1978 E24 630CSi (North America only)
  • 1986–1992 E32 730i (138 kW)
  • 1988–1990 E34 530i (not sold in North America)

M30B32[edit]

Despite having a capacity of 3210 cc, this engine appeared in many cars badged so as to suggest 3.3 litres of displacement, such as the 633i, 3.3 Li, and 733i. It has a bore of 89 mm, a stroke of 86 mm and a capacity of 3210 cc. In the E24 633CSi, it uses Bosch L-Jetronic fuel injection.[5] The US version used L-Jetronic from 1978 until mid-1981, changing over to Motronic fuel injection in June of that year. The 1979 732i is BMW's first use of Bosch's Motronic fuel injection.[10]

Applications:

  • 1976–1984 E24 633CSi
  • 1976-1977 E3 3.3 Li
  • 1977-1979 E23 733i (145 kW)
  • 1979 E12 533i
  • 1979–1986 E23 732i (144 kW)
  • 1983–1984 E28 533i (North America only)
  • 1984-1986 E30 333i (145 kW, South Africa only)

M30B34[edit]

This engine has a bore of 92.0 mm, a stroke of 86.0 mm and a displacement of 3428cc. In the E24 635CSi, it uses Bosch Motronic 1.0 fuel injection.[5]

Without catalytic converter
The version sold in Europe and most other markets used a 10.0:1 compression ratio and produced 160 kW (210 hp).[11]

Applications:

With catalytic converter
The version sold in markets such as North America and Japan used an 8.0:1 compression ratio and produced 136 kW (182 hp).[12]

Applications:

M90
The following models use a variant of the M30 coined the M90. This engine is actually 3453cc and uses the same block as the BMW M88/S38 . It does, however, use a SOHC head and was regarded as the test horse platform before the production of the M88/S38 in order to determine if the "oversquare" engine setup would work reliably.

The differentiation of this engine is coolant water passages on the side of the block (not otherwise seen on an M30B32/B34), and/or a white L stamped on the oil filter side of the block. It used both L-jetronic and Motronic injection systems, depending on the year.

The engines sold in Europe and most other markets (except North America) used a compression ratio of 9.3:1, did not have a catalytic converter and produced 160 kilowatts (210 hp).

Applications:

M30B35[edit]

It has a bore of 92 mm, a stroke of 86 mm and a capacity of 3428 cc. In the E24 635CSi, it uses Bosch Motronic 1.3 fuel injection.[5]

  • 9.0:1 compression ratio
  • 155 kW (208 hp) at 5,700 rpm
  • 305 N·m (225 lb·ft) torque at 4,000 rpm
  • 87 AKI / 91 RON octane fuel or better recommended


Applications:

Turbocharging[edit]

Main articles: BMW M102 and BMW M106

The M30 was the basis for the turbocharged M102 and M106 engines.

The Alpina B10 Biturbo used a modified version of the M30, with two turbochargers and forged pistons. Producing 265 kW/360 hp at 6000 rpm and 520Nm/384 lb-ft at 4000 rpm, the engine made this car the fastest sedan in the world. The final 50 M30 blocks were shipped to Alpina for use in the final 50 B10 Biturbos.[14]

Motorsport[edit]

The M30 powered a series of BMW 6-cylinder E9 and BMW E24 coupes to European Touring Car Championship (ETCC) throughout the 1970s and into the middle 1980s, even though a more powerful DOHC 24-valve head had been developed for high-performance motorsports and street use.

The BMW M88 high-performance engine is based on the M30 block.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ward's 10 Best Engines include 2 BMW sixes". www.pacemotors.com.au. Archived from the original on 22 May 2007. 
  2. ^ a b Becker, Clauspeter (1971), Logoz, Arthur, ed., "BMW 2500/2800", Auto-Universum 1971 (in German), Zürich, Switzerland: Verlag Internationale Automobil-Parade AG, XIV: 70 
  3. ^ Cranswick, Marc (2010). The BMW 5 series and X5: a history of production cars and tuner specials, 1972-2008. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. ISBN 0786443510. 
  4. ^ "BMW 525i E28 (1981)". www.carinf.com. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Oswald, Werner (2001). Deutsche Autos 1945-1990, Band 4 (1. ed.). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-613-02131-5. 
  6. ^ Becker, p. 77
  7. ^ "1975 BMW 528 E12". www.carfolio.com. 
  8. ^ "1981 BMW 528i E28". www.carfolio.com. 
  9. ^ "The BMW Six Cylinder Guide". www.autospeed.com. 
  10. ^ "BMW M30 and M102 Six Cylinder Engines". www.unixnerd.demon.co.uk. 
  11. ^ "1985 BMW E28 5 Series M535i Specs". www.ultimatespecs.com. 
  12. ^ "1985 BMW E28 5 Series M535i Kat Specs". www.ultimatespecs.com. 
  13. ^ Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (March 9, 1989). Automobil Revue 1989 (in German and French). 84. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 498. ISBN 3-444-00482-6. 
  14. ^ Palevsky, Alexander. "Blown Away". Bimmer Magazine (October 2007): 62. 
  15. ^ "FAQ E23 745i SA (M88)". www.bmwmregistry.com. 

External links[edit]