BMW M52

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BMW M52 engine
M52NonTUB28.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer BMW, Bayerische Motoren Werke AG
Production 1994–2000
Combustion chamber
Configuration Straight-6
Chronology
Predecessor BMW M50
Successor BMW M54

The BMW M52 is a straight-6 DOHC piston engine which was produced from 1994-2000. It was released in the E36 320i, to replace the M50. It was replaced by the M54 engine.

Compared with its M50 predecessor, the M52 uses an aluminium block. However, North American models used iron blocks instead (except in the Z3), therefore the North American M52 is more akin to the M50TU. Like the M50TU, the M52 uses variable valve timing on the intake camshaft (called single VANOS by BMW).

In 1998, the M52TU ("technical update") was released, adding variable valve timing to the exhaust camshaft (called dual VANOS by BMW). Other upgrades included electronic throttle control (which uses a throttle cable as backup),[1] a dual length intake manifold (called "DISA" by BMW) and revised cylinder liners.[2]

The M52 and S52 engines were on the Ward's 10 Best Engines list from 1997 to 2000.[3]

The S52 engine is used in USA versions of the 1996-1999 E36 M3 and the 1998-2000 Z3M. This engine is a tuned version of the M52 engine, as opposed to the S50 engine used for these cars in other markets.

Models[edit]

Engine Displacement Power Torque Redline Bore Stroke Compression ratio Year
M52B20 1,991 cc (121 cu in) 110 kW (150 hp) @ 5900 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @ 4200 6500 80 mm (3.1 in) 66 mm (2.6 in) 11.0:1 1994
M52TUB20 110 kW (150 hp) @ 5900 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @ 3500 6500 80 mm (3.1 in) 66 mm (2.6 in) 11.0:1 1998
M52TUB24 2,394 cc (146 cu in) 135 kW (181 hp) @ 5800 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 3600 6500 84 mm (3.3 in) 72 mm (2.8 in) 2000
M52B25 2,494 cc (152 cu in) 125 kW (168 hp) @ 5500 245 N·m (181 lb·ft) @ 3950 6500 84 mm (3.3 in) 75 mm (3.0 in) 10.5:1 1995
M52TUB25 125 kW (168 hp) @ 5500 245 N·m (181 lb·ft) @ 3500 6500 84 mm (3.3 in) 75 mm (3.0 in) 10.5:1 1998
M52B28 2,793 cc (170 cu in) 142 kW (190 hp) @ 5300 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) @ 3950 6500 84 mm (3.3 in) 84 mm (3.3 in) 10.2:1 1995
M52TUB28 142 kW (190 hp) @ 5500 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) @ 3500 6500 84 mm (3.3 in) 84 mm (3.3 in) 10.2:1 1998
S52B32 3,152 cc (192 cu in) 180 kW (240 hp) @ 6000 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @ 3800 6500 86.4 mm (3.4 in) 89.6 mm (3.5 in) 10.5:1 1996

M52B20[edit]

A 1,991 cc (121 cu in) version was introduced in 1994. Bore is 80 mm (3.1 in) and stroke is 66 mm (2.6 in).[4]

Applications:

  • 1994-1998 E36 320i
  • 1995-1998 E39 520i

M52TUB20[edit]

The "technical update" in 1998 included dual VANOS, which improved low rpm torque.

Applications:

  • 1998-2000 E46 320i, 320Ci
  • 1998-2000 E39 520i
  • 1999-2000 E36/7 Z3 2.0i

M52TUB24[edit]

2.4 L. For Thai market only.

M52B25[edit]

A 2,494 cc (152 cu in) version introduced in 1995.[5] It produces 125 kW (168 hp). Bore is 84 mm (3.3 in) and stroke 75 mm (3.0 in).

Applications:

  • 1995-1998 E36 323i, 323ti
  • 1995-1998 E39 523i

M52TUB25[edit]

The "technical update" in 1998 included dual VANOS, which improved low rpm torque.

Applications:

  • 1998-2000 E46 323i, 323ci
  • 1998-2000 E39 523i
  • 1998-2000 E36/7 Z3 2.3i

M52B28[edit]

The 2,793 cc (170 cu in) version of the M52 debuted in 1995. It has a bore of 84 mm (3.3 in), a stroke of 84 mm (3.3 in) and produces 142 kW (190 hp).[6]

Applications:

M52TUB28[edit]

The "technical update" in 1998 included dual VANOS, which improved low rpm torque.

Applications:

Nikasil problems with high sulfur fuels[edit]

In the USA the M52B used an iron block (except for the M52B28 in the Z3 which was an aluminum block), while the M52TU used an aluminium cylinder block. The aluminum M52 engine received criticism in some markets with high levels of sulfur in the petrol during the late 1990s. Sulfur has a corrosive effect on Nikasil and led to many early M52 engines having premature bore-liner wear, only the M60 and the European M52 engines were affected.[7][8] Engines destined for high-sulfur gasoline markets, the United States among three others countries, had cast iron cylinder liners in the aluminum block to cope with this problem. With the exception of the cylinder liners, the basic aluminum block of the M52 engine was the same for all markets.[9][10]

S52 (North American Market)[edit]

The S52 is a higher performance version of the M52 which used for the post-facelift (1996-1999) North American E36 M3, replacing the S50B30US.

Compared to the S50 engine used elsewhere, the S52 is less powerful and features more in common with the regular M52 engine. As per the North American M52 engine, the S52 uses an iron block, aluminium head and single VANOS. Unique to the S52 is a bore of 86.4 mm (3.4 in) and stroke of 89.6 mm (3.5 in) for a total displacement of 3,152 cc. The engine is rated at 240 hp (179 kW) at 6,000 rpm and 236 lb·ft (320 N·m) of torque at 3,800 rpm.[11]

Other upgrades over the M52 include lighter camshafts with more lift and duration, piston rings, valve springs and the exhaust system.[citation needed]

Applications:

  • 1996-1999 E36 M3 (Canada and USA only)
  • 1998-2000 E36/7/8 Z3M (Canada and USA only)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (PDF). p. 51 http://www.beisansystems.com/misc/SEIMENS_MS_420_ENGINE_CONTROL_SYSTEM.pdf.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ http://www.unixnerd.demon.co.uk/m50.html
  3. ^ "Wards 10 best engine". Wardsauto.com. Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  4. ^ "BMW Heaven Specification Database | Engine specifications for M52 engines". Bmwheaven.com. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  5. ^ "BMW Heaven Specification Database | Engine specifications for M52 engines". Bmwheaven.com. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  6. ^ "BMW 328i, 1999 E46 technical specifications 96228". Carfolio.com. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  7. ^ "BMW World - Nikasil". Usautoparts.net. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  8. ^ BMW Classics - http://www.bmwclassics.co.uk. "BMW Classics Ezine - News, Reviews & Cars for Sale". Bmwclassics.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  9. ^ "BMW World - Nikasil". Usautoparts.net. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  10. ^ "BMW World - M52 Engine". Usautoparts.net. Retrieved 2012-11-22. 
  11. ^ "FAQ E36/8 M coupe". BMW M Registry. Retrieved 2012-11-18.