BMW X3

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BMW X3
BMW X3 M-Sportpaket (F25) – Frontansicht (1), 1. Mai 2012, Düsseldorf.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer BMW
Production 2003–present
Model years 2004–present
Body and chassis
Class Compact luxury crossover SUV
Body style 5-door SUV
Layout Front-engine, four-wheel-drive

The BMW X3 is an compact luxury crossover SUV manufactured by German automaker BMW since 2003. Based on the BMW 3 Series platform, and now in its second generation, BMW markets the crossover as a Sports Activity Vehicle, the company's proprietary descriptor for its X-line of vehicles. The first generation X3 was designed by BMW in conjunction with Magna Steyr of Graz, Austria—who also manufactured all X3s under contract to BMW. BMW manufactures the second generation X3 at their Spartanburg plant in South Carolina, United States.

First generation (E83; 2003–2010)[edit]

First generation (E83)
BMW X3 front 20080524.jpg
2003–2006 BMW X3
Overview
Production 2003–2010
Assembly Austria: Graz (Magna Steyr)
Egypt: 6th of October City (BAG)[1]
Russia: Kaliningrad (Avtotor)[2]
Layout Longitudinally mounted, front engine, four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine 3.0L 260 hp (190 kW) I6
Transmission 6-speed automatic and manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,795 mm (110.0 in)
Length 2004–08: 179.7 in (4,564 mm)
2009–10: 4,570 mm (179.9 in)
Width 1,855 mm (73.0 in)
Height 2007–08: 1,675 mm (65.9 in)
2004–06 & 2009–10: 1,673 mm (65.9 in)

The first generation BMW X3, internally designated as the E83, was produced from 2003 to 2010 and based on the BMW 3 Series platform. The E83 was designed by BMW in conjunction with Magna Steyr of Graz, Austria—who also manufactured all first generation X3s under contract to BMW.

2003–2006 BMW X3

As a precursor to the X3, BMW presented the xActivity concept vehicle at the Detroit Auto Show in 2003—based on the 3 Series platform and featuring a vestigial frame-structure convertible roof with reinforced, longitudinal rails connect the A-pillars to the rear of the car on both sides, eliminating B- or C-pillars and creating a distinct profile.

The X3 premiered in September 2003 at the Frankfurt Auto Show (Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung), sharing its rear suspension with the E46 330xi and using an automatic four-wheel drive system marketed as xDrive. All X3 models feature BMW's all wheel drive system, with a default 40:60 torque split between the front and rear axles and the ability to direct all torque to either axle. The system used an electronically controlled multiple-plate clutch to enable infinitely adjustable, fully variable distribution of torque from front to rear with the capability of up to 100 percent of engine torque going to either axle. BMW markets the crossover as a Sports Activity Vehicle, the company's descriptor for its X-line of vehicles.

The X3 was conceived to combine the agility of a compact model with the driving experience of the company's X5. The X3 featured an upright, high H-point seating configuration, marketed as "command seating". Styling exhibited interacting concave and convex surfacing, characteristic for the company at the time along with a reinterpreted Hofmeister kink.

BMW upgraded the model in 2005 and facelifted the model in 2007, with revised body bumpers, engine, interior trim, and suspension.

The X3 3.0i won the Canadian Car of the Year Best Sports Utility Vehicle award for 2005. The X3 was initially criticised for its harsh ride, austere interior, lack of off-road capability and high price.[3]

2003–2006[edit]

  • Bluetooth could actually be ordered straight from the factory (part of the Premium Package) and functioned without dealer intervention. (Although the BMW X3 was originally offered and promised with Bluetooth support in 2004, none of the cars that shipped from the factory actually had it installed. Few were able to get it to work with servicing from their dealer.)
  • The interior was upgraded with more consistent plastic panels. Also instead of having grey carpeting which was present on all 2004 X3s, the 2005 X3 came with carpeting that matched the leather ordered (with the exception of the Terracotta interior with black carpeting).
  • Slightly softer suspension.
  • Front fenders are one piece, as opposed to the two piece found on 2004 models.
  • A 2.0d engine became available in some markets – joining the 2.5i and 3.0i engines (found stateside) as well as the 3.0d engine sold elsewhere in the world.
  • An 'Open-Door' indicator was added on the 2004 models.

2006–2010[edit]

2006–2008 BMW X3 (E83) 2.5si, Australia

In September 2006, the E83 received a facelift with revised headlights, grill, front bumper, tail lights, rear bumper, and interior.

For the 2007 model year, the US market X3 was powered by the N52 inline 6-cylinder engine that debuted on the 2006 E90 3 Series. Internationally, the X3 received smaller engines including the 4-cylinder petrol and diesel options. In Europe, the range started with a 2.0-litre 4-cylinder petrol, a 4cyl. turbo diesel and continues with 6-cylinder turbo & bi-turbo diesels. The largest diesel offered was the sport diesel with 286 bhp (213 kW; 290 PS).

U.S. market 2006 X3's were equipped with a version of the 'M' technik body kit with unpainted door sills and wheel arches. U.S. spec Sport Package 2006 X3's received the full 'M' body kit (with painted front, side and rear plastic) available internationally as a factory accessory. 2.5i was removed for sale from the U.S. and Adaptive headlamps and a panoramic sunroof were made available, as well as upgraded dashboard components and leather seating.

Since September 2008, the Edition Exclusive and Edition lifestyle were available. The M-Sport Package was replaced in March 2009 by the Sport Limited Edition.

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP scores
Adult Occupant: 4/5 stars
Child Occupant: 4/5 stars
Pedestrian: 1/4 stars

Engines[edit]

Petrol
Model Year Engine code Power Torque 0–100 km/h Top speed km/h
2.0i/ xDrive20i 2004–2010 N46B20 110 kW (148 hp) @6200 200 N·m (150 lb·ft) @3750 11.5 198
2.5i 2004–2006 M54B25 141 kW (189 hp) @6000 245 N·m (181 lb·ft) @3500 8.9(MT) / 9.8(AT) 208
2.5si/ xDrive25i 2007–2010 N52B25 160 kW (215 hp) @6500 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) @2750–4250 8.5(MT) / 8.9(AT) 210(MT/AT)
221(MT)* / 220(AT)*
3.0i 2004–2006 M54B30 170 kW (228 hp) @5900 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @3500 7.8(MT) / 8.1(AT) 210(MT/AT)
224(MT)* / 210(AT)*
3.0si/ xDrive30i 2007–2010 N52B30 200 kW (268 hp) @6650 315 N·m (232 lb·ft) @2750 7.2(MT) / 7.5(AT) 210(AT/MT)
232(AT)* / 228(MT)*
Diesel
Model Year Engine code Power Torque 0–100 km/h Top speed km/h
xDrive18d 2009–2010 N47D20 110 kW (148 hp) @4000 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) @1750 10.3 195
2.0d/ xDrive20d 2005–2007 M47TU2D20 110 kW (148 hp) @4000 330 N·m (240 lb·ft) @2000 10.2 198
2007–2010 N47D20 130 kW (174 hp) @4000 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) @1750–3000 8.9(MT) / 9.2(AT) 206(MT) / 205(AT)
X3 3.0d/ xDrive30d 2003–2004 M57TUD30 150 kW (201 hp) @4000 410 N·m (300 lb·ft) @1500–3250 7.9(MT)/ 8.2 (AT) 210(MT/AT)
218(MT)* / 215(AT)*
2004–2010 M57TU2D30 160 kW (215 hp) @4000 500 N·m (370 lb·ft) @1750–2750 7.4(MT) / 7.7(AT) 210(AT/MT)
220(AT/MT)*
3.0sd/ xDrive35d 2007–2010 M57TU2D30 210 kW (282 hp) @4400 580 N·m (430 lb·ft) @1750–2250 6.4 240

* In combination with optional Edition Sport, M-Sport package, dynamic packet or certain alloy wheels.

Cross Country[edit]

X3 CC in the 2007 Dakar Rally

The X3 Cross Country, also known as the X3 CC is an X3 prepared for rally raid competition.[5][6] It features a 2.9 litre inline-6 (debore and destroked M57TU2D30 engine from 3.0 litre to 2.9 litre), twin turbocharged diesel engine.[7]

Second generation (F25; 2010–present)[edit]

Second generation (F25)
2011 BMW X3 (F25) xDrive28i wagon (2011-11-18) 01.jpg
Overview
Production 1 September 2010–present
Model years 2011–present
Assembly United States: Greer, South Carolina (BMW America)
India: Chennai (BMW India)[8]
Russia: Kaliningrad (Avtotor)
Designer Erik Goplen (2007)
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission 6-speed manual
8-speed ZF 8HP automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,810 mm (110.6 in)
Length 4,652 mm (183.1 in)
Width 1,884 mm (74.2 in)
Height 1,713 mm (67.4 in)
BMW X3 xDrive28i, Australia

The F25 is the second generation of BMW X3 being released in 2010 for the 2011 model year. For this generation production moved from Austria to BMW's US factory in Greer, South Carolina.[9]

The F25-based X3 is almost as large as the original E53 series X5.[10]

The vehicle was unveiled at the 2010 Paris Motor Show,[11][12][13] and the 2012 Auto China (X3 xDrive28i).[14]

At launch, all models use all-wheel drive, badged as xDrive. Transmission choices are a six-speed manual or eight-speed ZF 8HP automatic transmission. The emission standard for all engines is Euro 5. A rear-wheel drive only model called sDrive was added to the range in some markets in 2012.[15]

Production of BMW X3 at Magna Steyr's Graz plant began on 31 August 2010, followed by the BMW Spartanburg Plant in Greer, South Carolina, United States on 1 September 2010.[16] The two millionth vehicle built in BMW Spartanburg Plant, a Vermillion Red Metallic X3 xDrive35i with Oyster Nevada interior and an M Sport Package, was driven by BMW Associate Terry Gardner, a 16-year BMW veteran, with accompanying associates Renita Williams, Trung Phan and Olga Yurchenko. These associates represent teams from each of the plant's manufacturing technologies: Body, Paint and Assembly. The vehicle was retained on display at the Spartanburg Plant to commemorate the milestone.[17]

Europe

UK models went on sale on 18 November 2010. Early UK models included the xDrive20d).[18] xDrive30d was added as of April 2011.[19] xDrive35d was added as of September 2011.[20] sDrive18d was added as of 20 August 2012.[21] From Spring 2013, the latest generation of BMW Professional Navigation System became available.[22]

North America

US models arrived in US BMW Centers by the end of 2010 as 2011 model year vehicles. Early US models included xDrive28i, xDrive35i.[23] In 2013 model year (produced in April 2012 and delivered in May 2012), xDrive28i was introduced as replacement for xDrive28i, with new features such as standard Auto Start/Stop, Driving Dynamics Control with ECO PRO, New Driver Assistance Package (includes Lane Departure Warning).[24] All US market vehicles come with an 8-speed automatic transmission.

For 2011, the F25 X3 is available in the US, only with a 3.0-liter inline six-cylinder gasoline engine either normally aspirated or with a twin scroll turbocharger.

2014 update[edit]

BMW X3 (F25 LCI) xDrive20d

In 2014 for the 2015 model year, the F25 received a LCI (Life Cycle Impulse) facelift. Changes include new modified twin circular headlights (optional LED headlights), redesigned kidney grille, new front and rear bumpers, and exterior mirrors with integrated turn signal indicators; a centre console with optional automatic climate control system in high-gloss black-panel look, new cup holders with a sliding cover for the centre console, new exterior colours, upholstery designs, interior trim strips and light-alloy wheels; new xLine equipment package, optional Smart Opener for the automatic tailgate and storage packages.

The vehicle was unveiled in 84th Geneva International Motor Show 2014,[25] followed by 114th New York International Auto Show 2014 (xDrive28d).[26][27]

Engines (2010–2014)[edit]

Petrol engines[28]
Model Years Type/code Power@rpm Torque@rpm Acceleration 0–100km/h (s) Top speed
xDrive20i 2011– 1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (N20B20U0) 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)@5000–6250 270 N·m (199 lb·ft)@1250–4500 8.3 210 km/h (130 mph)
xDrive28i (243PS) 2010– 2,996 cc (182.8 cu in) I6 (N52B30) 243 PS (179 kW; 240 hp)@6600 312 N·m (230 lb·ft)@2600–3000 ? ?
xDrive28i (243PS) 2012– 1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 (N20B20O0) 243 PS (179 kW; 240 hp)@5000 352 N·m (260 lb·ft)@1250–4800 ? ?
xDrive28i (245PS) 2012– 1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (N20B20O0) 245 PS (180 kW; 242 hp)@5000 350 N·m (258 lb·ft)@1250–4500 6.7 210 km/h (130 mph)
xDrive28i (258PS) 2012 2,996 cc (182.8 cu in) I6 (N52B30) 258 PS (190 kW; 254 hp)@6600 310 N·m (229 lb·ft)@2600–3000 6.9 230 km/h (143 mph)
xDrive35i (304PS) 2010– 2,979 cc (181.8 cu in) I6 twin scroll turbo (N55B30M0) 304 PS (224 kW; 300 hp)@5800 407 N·m (300 lb·ft)@1200–5000 ? 241 km/h (150 mph)
xDrive35i (306PS) 2010– 2,979 cc (181.8 cu in) I6 twin scroll turbo (N55B30M0) 306 PS (225 kW; 302 hp)@5800 400 N·m (295 lb·ft)@1200–5000 5.7 245 km/h (152 mph)
Diesel engines
Model Years Type/code Power@rpm Torque@rpm Acceleration 0–100km/h (s) Top speed
sDrive18d 2012– 1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo (N47D20) 143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp)@4000 360 N·m (266 lb·ft)@1750–2500 9.9 195 km/h (121 mph)
xDrive20d 2010– 1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo (N47D20) 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)@4000 380 N·m (280 lb·ft)@1750–2750 8.5 210 km/h (130 mph)
xDrive30d 2011– 2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) I6 turbo (N57D30O1) 258 PS (190 kW; 254 hp)@4000 560 N·m (413 lb·ft)@2000–2750 6.2 230 km/h (143 mph)
xDrive35d 2011– 2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) I6 twin turbo (N57D30T1) 313 PS (230 kW; 309 hp)@4400 630 N·m (465 lb·ft)@1500–2500 5.8 244 km/h (152 mph)

Engines (2014–present)[edit]

Petrol engines[29]
Model Years Type/code Power, torque@rpm
sDrive20i (184PS) 2014– 1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (N20B20U0) 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)@5000–6250, 270 N·m (199 lb·ft)@1250–4500
xDrive20i (184PS) 2014– 1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (N20B20U0) 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)@5000–6250, 270 N·m (199 lb·ft)@1250–4500
xDrive28i (245PS) 2014– 1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (N20B20O0) 245 PS (180 kW; 242 hp)@5000–6500, 350 N·m (258 lb·ft)@1250–4800
xDrive35i (306PS) 2014– 2,979 cc (181.8 cu in) I6 twin scroll turbo (N55B30M0) 306 PS (225 kW; 302 hp)@5800–6400, 400 N·m (295 lb·ft)@1250–5000
Diesel engines
Model Years Type/code Power, torque@rpm
sDrive18d (150PS) 2015– 1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo (B47D20)[30] 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp)@4000, 360 N·m (266 lb·ft)@1500–2250
xDrive20d (190PS) 2015– 1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo (B47D20) 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp)@4000, 400 N·m (295 lb·ft)@1750–2250
xDrive30d 2015– 2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) I6 turbo (N57D30OL(tü)) 258 PS (190 kW; 254 hp)@4000, 560 N·m (413 lb·ft)@1500–3000
xDrive35d 2015– 2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) I6 twin turbo (N57D30TOP(tü)) 313 PS (230 kW; 309 hp)@4400, 630 N·m (465 lb·ft)@1500–2500

Third generation (G01; 2017–)[edit]

Third generation
Overview
Production Pending
Model years 2017–

Due to arrive in 2017, the next generation BMW X3 will sport a new design created by BMW’s Australian designer, Calvin Luk.[31]

The new version is codenamed G01 and is currently in testing as a prototype. The new X3 crossover will adopt a plug-in hybrid technology, and will be made available in two efficient 2.0 litre diesel units known as B47, a next generation 3.0 diesel engine (B57) and a petrol variant (B58).[32]

Production and sales[edit]

On 18 June 2008, the 500,000th X3 was produced in Graz.

Calendar year Total production US sales
2004 92,248[33] 34,604
2005 110,719[33] 30,769[34]
2006 114,000[33] 31,291
2007 111,879[35] 28,058[36]
2008 84,440[37] 17,622
2009 55,634[38] 6,067[39]
2010 46,004[40] 6,075[41]
2011 117,944 27,793[42]
2012 149,853 35,173[43]
2013 157,303 30,623
2014 33,824[44]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bavarian Auto Group". Bag-eg.com. 2010-04-09. Archived from the original on 14 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-03. 
  2. ^ "Группа компаний Автотор :: Автомобили BMW". Avtotor.ru. Retrieved 2010-10-03. 
  3. ^ By Mike Hanley Cars.com National April 15, 2011 (2011-04-15). "2011 BMW X3 Review By Mike Hanley". Cars.com. Retrieved 2015-09-01. 
  4. ^ "Ergebnisse des BMW E83 beim Euro NCAP-Crashtest" (in German). Retrieved 15 July 2009. 
  5. ^ "PWRC: Al-Attiyah wins Baja Espana | WRC News | Jul 2008". Crash.Net. 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2010-04-02. 
  6. ^ "The BMW Knowledge Base – Three X-raid BMW X3 CC for the Dakar 2006". BMW Heaven. 2005-11-03. Retrieved 2011-04-18. 
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ bsmotoring.com (2011-08-25). "BMW launches new X3 at Rs 41.2 lakh". Bsmotoring.com. Retrieved 2012-01-14. 
  9. ^ "Next X3 to be Built in USA plus Ongoing Plans for Magna and BMW". Automobile.com. Retrieved 2010-04-02. 
  10. ^ Bettencourt, Michael (2010-10-29). "BMW's refreshed X3 is smooth and sleek". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). 
  11. ^ Paris Preview: 2011 BMW X3 to feature start-stop tech, 8-speed auto
  12. ^ 14 July 2010 (2010-07-14). "New BMW X3 revealed". Autocar.co.uk. Archived from the original on 16 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  13. ^ Paris 2010: BMW X3 is new yet familiar
  14. ^ BMW at Auto China 2012 in Beijing.
  15. ^ "2WD BMW X3 revealed". What Car?. 20 August 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2013. 
  16. ^ The new BMW X3: New generation replaces the previous.
  17. ^ http://www.autoblog.com/2012/01/12/bmw-pouring-990m-into-spartanburg-plant-to-build-more-cuvs/
  18. ^ The new BMW X3
  19. ^ BMW X3 April 2011 Pricelist
  20. ^ BMW X September Pricelist
  21. ^ The new BMW X3 sDrive18d
  22. ^ BMW model introductions and updates, Spring 2013.
  23. ^ BMW announces pricing for 2011 X3
  24. ^ BMW adds four-cylinder twin-scroll turbo power to X3
  25. ^ BMW at the 84th Geneva International Motor Show 2014.
  26. ^ BMW at the 114th New York International Auto Show 2014.
  27. ^ BMW bringing X3 diesel, X5 PHEV concept to New York
  28. ^ Specifications BMW X3, 11/2010
  29. ^ Specifications of the new BMW X3, 04/2014.
  30. ^ Next generation BMW "B code" engines are here
  31. ^ "BMW X3 for the locals – motoring.com.au". www.motoring.com.au. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  32. ^ "The next BMW X3 spied: full scoop on 2017’s G01 SUV". Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  33. ^ a b c http://www.autointell.com/european_companies/BMW/business-figures/BMW-business-figures-1997-2006-WB.xls
  34. ^ "BMW Group Reports 2006 – Strongest Year Ever". Theautochannel.com. 2010-09-13. Retrieved 2010-10-03. 
  35. ^ "Annual Report 2007". BMW Group. Retrieved 2011-09-06. 
  36. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Division Reports December Sales". Reuters. 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2010-10-03. 
  37. ^ "Annual Report 2008". BMW Group. Retrieved 2011-09-06. 
  38. ^ "Annual Report 2009". BMW Group. Retrieved 2011-09-06. 
  39. ^ "BMWUSA sales up 9% in December 2009". Bmwblog.com. 2010-01-29. Retrieved 2010-10-03. 
  40. ^ [2][dead link]
  41. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Reports December 2010 Sales – WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 4, 2011 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey: Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2011-09-06. 
  42. ^ "BMW Group Achieves Second Best Sales Year Ever in the U.S. – WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 5, 2012 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey: Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2012-01-06. 
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  44. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Reports December and 2014 Sales - WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 5, 2015 /PRNewswire/". Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2015-09-01. 

External links[edit]