|Body and chassis|
|Class||Compact luxury crossover SUV|
|Body style||5-door SUV|
F4 layout (xDrive)
The BMW X3 is a compact luxury crossover SUV manufactured by German automaker BMW since 2003. Based on the BMW 3 Series platform, and now in its third generation, BMW markets the crossover as a Sports Activity Vehicle, the company's proprietary descriptor for its X-line of vehicles. The first generation X3 was designed by BMW in conjunction with Magna Steyr of Graz, Austria—who also manufactured all X3s under contract to BMW. BMW manufactures the second generation X3 at their Spartanburg plant in South Carolina, United States.
When specifications are taken into account, the X3 competes with the Mercedes-Benz GLC-Class (formerly Mercedes-Benz GLK-Class), Audi Q5, Porsche Macan, Jaguar F-Pace, and the Range Rover Evoque, thus putting it into the compact luxury crossover segment of the automobile industry.
- 1 First generation (E83; 2003–2010)
- 2 Second generation (F25; 2010–2017)
- 3 Third generation (G01; 2018–present)
- 4 Production and sales
- 5 References
- 6 External links
First generation (E83; 2003–2010)
|First generation (E83)|
|Production||August 2003 – 31 August 2010|
|Assembly||Austria: Graz (Magna Steyr)
Egypt: 6th of October City (BAG)
Russia: Kaliningrad (Avtotor)
|Layout||Longitudinally mounted, front engine, four-wheel drive|
2.0 L N46 I4
2.5 L M54/N52 I6
3.0 L M54/N52 I6
2.0 L M47/N47 I4
3.0 L M57 I6
|Transmission||6-speed automatic and manual|
|Wheelbase||2,795 mm (110.0 in)|
|Length||2004–08: 179.7 in (4,564 mm)
2009–10: 4,570 mm (179.9 in)
|Width||1,855 mm (73.0 in)|
|Height||2007–08: 1,675 mm (65.9 in)
2004–06 & 2009–10: 1,673 mm (65.9 in)
The first generation BMW X3, internally designated as the E83, was produced from 2003 to 2010 and based on the BMW 3 Series platform. The E83 was designed by BMW in conjunction with Magna Steyr of Graz, Austria—who also manufactured all first generation X3s under contract to BMW.
As a precursor to the X3, in 2003 BMW presented the xActivity concept vehicle at the Detroit Auto Show featuring the 3 Series platform and a fixed-profile convertible body style with reinforced longitudinal rails connect the A-pillars to the rear of the car on both sides, eliminating B- or C-pillars.
The X3 premiered in September 2003 at the Frankfurt Auto Show (Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung), sharing its rear suspension with the E46 330xi and using an automatic four-wheel drive system marketed as xDrive. All X3 models feature BMW's all wheel drive system, with a default 40:60 torque split between the front and rear axles and the ability to direct all torque to either axle. The system used an electronically controlled multiple-plate clutch to enable infinitely adjustable, fully variable distribution of torque from front to rear with the capability of up to 100 percent of engine torque going to either axle. BMW markets the crossover as a Sports Activity Vehicle, the company's descriptor for its X-line of vehicles.
The X3 was conceived to combine the agility of a compact model with the driving experience of the company's X5. The X3 featured an upright, high H-point seating configuration, marketed as "command seating". Styling exhibited interacting concave and convex surfacing, characteristic for the company at the time along with a reinterpreted Hofmeister kink.
BMW upgraded the model in 2005 and facelifted the model in 2007, with revised body bumpers, engine, interior trim, and suspension.
The X3 3.0i won the Canadian Car of the Year Best Sports Utility Vehicle award for 2005. The X3 was initially criticised for its harsh ride, austere interior, lack of off-road capability and high price.
U.S-spec X3 models were well-equipped, with standard equipment such as: the BMW Business A/M-F/M-CD radio (with optional dealer-activated Bluetooth functionality for wireless phones), an eight-speaker premium audio system, leatherette-trimmed seating surfaces, dual power front bucket seats, aluminum interior trim accents, keyless entry, and seventeen-inch (17") aluminum-alloy wheels. Optional equipment included a ten-speaker premium audio system with Digital Sound Processing (DSP), Sirius Satellite Radio, a dashboard-mounted color GPS navigational system that replaced the upper dashboard storage compartment and contained a modified version of BMW's "iDrive" multimedia system, eighteen-inch (and later nineteen-inch) aluminum-alloy wheels, Nevada leather-trimmed seating surfaces, heated front and rear seats, a heated steering wheel, a security system, BMW Assist, a panoramic dual-pane moonroof, Xenon front headlamps with adaptive front headlamps, and sport front bucket seats.
- Bluetooth could actually be ordered straight from the factory (part of the Premium Package) and functioned without dealer intervention. (Although the BMW X3 was originally offered and promised with Bluetooth support in 2004, none of the cars that shipped from the factory actually had it installed. Few were able to get it to work with servicing from their dealer.)
- The interior was upgraded with more consistent plastic panels. Also instead of having grey carpeting which was present on all 2004 X3s, the 2005 X3 came with carpeting that matched the leather ordered (with the exception of the Terracotta interior with black carpeting).
- Slightly softer suspension.
- Front fenders are one piece, as opposed to the two piece found on 2004 models.
- A 2.0d engine became available in 2005 for some markets – joining the 2.5i and 3.0i engines (found stateside) as well as the 3.0d engine sold elsewhere in the world.
- An 'Open-Door' indicator was added on the 2004 models.
For 2006, the U.S.-spec X3 lost its 2.5L M54 inline 6-cylinder engine for the 2.5i model. The only model available from 2006 onwards for the U.S.-spec X3 was the 3.0L M54 inline 6-cylinder engine (later, the N52 inline 6-cylinder engine) and the 3.0i model (later, 3.0Si or xDrive30i). This further increased the X3's base price.
In September 2006, the E83 received a facelift with revised headlights, grille, front bumper, tail lights, rear bumper, and interior.
For the 2007 model year, the US market X3 was powered by the N52 inline 6-cylinder engine that debuted on the 2006 E90 3 Series. Internationally, the X3 received smaller engines including the 4-cylinder petrol and diesel options. In Europe, the range started with a 2.0-litre 4-cylinder petrol, a 4cyl. turbo diesel and continues with 6-cylinder turbo & bi-turbo diesels. The largest diesel offered was the sport diesel with 286 bhp (213 kW; 290 PS).
U.S. market 2006 X3's were equipped with a version of the 'M' technik body kit with unpainted door sills and wheel arches. U.S. spec Sport Package 2006 X3's received the full 'M' body kit (with painted front, side and rear plastic) available internationally as a factory accessory. 2.5i was removed for sale from the U.S. and Adaptive headlamps and a panoramic sunroof were made available, as well as upgraded dashboard components and leather seating.
Since September 2008, the Edition Exclusive and Edition lifestyle were available. The M-Sport Package was replaced in March 2009 by the Sport Limited Edition.
|Model||Year||Engine code||Power||Torque||0–100 km/h||Top speed km/h|
|2.0i||2004–2010||N46B20||110 kW (148 hp) @6200||200 N⋅m (150 lb⋅ft) @3750||11.5||198|
|2.5i||2004–2006||M54B25||135 kW (181 hp) @6000||245 N⋅m (181 lb⋅ft) @3500||8.9(MT) / 9.8(AT)||208|
|2.5si/ xDrive25i||2007–2010||N52B25||160 kW (215 hp) @6500||250 N⋅m (180 lb⋅ft) @2750–4250||8.5(MT) / 8.9(AT)||210(MT/AT)
221(MT)* / 220(AT)*
|3.0i||2004–2006||M54B30||170 kW (228 hp) @5900||300 N⋅m (220 lb⋅ft) @3500||7.8(MT) / 8.1(AT)||210(MT/AT)
224(MT)* / 210(AT)*
|3.0si/ xDrive30i||2007–2010||N52B30||200 kW (268 hp) @6650||315 N⋅m (232 lb⋅ft) @2750||7.2(MT) / 7.5(AT)||210(AT/MT)
232(AT)* / 228(MT)*
|Model||Year||Engine code||Power||Torque||0–100 km/h||Top speed km/h|
|xDrive18d||2009–2010||N47D20||110 kW (148 hp) @4000||350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) @1750||10.3||195|
|2.0d/ xDrive20d||2005–2007||M47TUD20||110 kW (148 hp) @4000||330 N⋅m (240 lb⋅ft) @2000||10.2||198|
|2007–2010||N47D20||130 kW (174 hp) @4000||350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft) @1750–3000||8.9(MT) / 9.2(AT)||206(MT) / 205(AT)|
|3.0d/ xDrive30d||2003–2004||M57TUD30||150 kW (201 hp) @4000||410 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) @1500–3250||7.9(MT)/ 8.2 (AT)||210(MT/AT)
218(MT)* / 215(AT)*
|2004–2010||M57TU2D30||160 kW (215 hp) @4000||500 N⋅m (370 lb⋅ft) @1750–2750||7.4(MT) / 7.7(AT)||210(AT/MT)
|3.0sd/ xDrive35d||2007–2010||M57TU2D30||210 kW (282 hp) @4400||580 N⋅m (430 lb⋅ft) @1750–2250||6.4||240|
* In combination with optional Edition Sport, M-Sport package, dynamic packet or certain alloy wheels.
The X3 Cross Country, also known as the X3 CC is an X3 prepared for rally raid competition. It features a 2.9-litre inline-6 (debore and destroked M57TU2D30 engine from 3.0 litre to 2.9-litre), twin turbocharged diesel engine.
Second generation (F25; 2010–2017)
|Second generation (F25)|
|Production||1 September 2010–2017|
Kulim, Kedah (Inokom)
Indonesia: Sunter, Jakarta (Gaya Motor)
|Designer||Erik Goplen (2007)|
|Body and chassis|
|Layout||Front-engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive|
2.0 L N20 I4
3.0 L N52/N55 I6
2.0 L N47/B47 I4
3.0 L N57 I6
8-speed ZF 8HP automatic
|Wheelbase||2,810 mm (110.6 in)|
|Length||4,652 mm (183.1 in)|
|Width||1,884 mm (74.2 in)|
|Height||1,713 mm (67.4 in)|
The F25 is the second generation of BMW X3 being released in 2010 for the 2011 model year. For this generation production moved from Austria to BMW's US factory in Greer, South Carolina.
At launch, all models use all-wheel drive, badged as xDrive. Transmission choices are a six-speed manual or eight-speed ZF 8HP automatic transmission. The emission standard for all engines is Euro 5. A rear-wheel drive only model called sDrive was added to the range in some markets in 2012.
Production of the X3 at BMW's United States plant in Greer, South Carolina started on 1 September 2010. The two millionth vehicle built at BMWUSM, a vermilion red metallic X3 xDrive35i with Oyster Nevada interior and an M Sport Package, was driven by BMW Associate Terry Gardner, a 16-year BMW veteran, with accompanying associates Renita Williams, Trung Phan and Olga Yurchenko. These associates represent teams from each of the plant's manufacturing technologies: Body, Paint and Assembly. The vehicle was retained on display at the Spartanburg Plant to commemorate the milestone.
UK models went on sale on 18 November 2010. Early UK models included the xDrive20d). xDrive30d was added as of April 2011. xDrive35d was added as of September 2011. sDrive18d was added as of 20 August 2012. From Spring 2013, the latest generation of BMW Professional Navigation System became available.
- North America
US models arrived in US BMW Centers by the end of 2010 as 2011 model year vehicles. Early US models included xDrive28i, xDrive35i. In 2013 model year (produced in April 2012 and delivered in May 2012), xDrive28i was introduced as replacement for xDrive28i, with new features such as standard Auto Start/Stop, Driving Dynamics Control with ECO PRO, New Driver Assistance Package (includes Lane Departure Warning). All US market vehicles come with an 8-speed automatic transmission.
For 2011, the F25 X3 is available in the US, only with a 3.0-liter inline six-cylinder gasoline engine either normally aspirated or with a twin scroll turbocharger.
In 2012, the F25 X3 xDrive28i model's 3.0L naturally-aspired inline six-cylinder gasoline engine was replaced by the 2.0L TwinPower twin-turbocharged inline four-cylinder gasoline engine that was first introduced on the BMW 3 Series (F30). A rear-wheel-drive sDrive28i model joined the X3 model lineup, marking the first non-xDrive BMW SAV to ever be sold in the United States.
In 2013, the F25 X3 xDrive28d model joined the X3 lineup, powered by a 2.0L turbocharged inline four-cylinder diesel engine, again first introduced on the BMW 3 Series (F30). As of 2017, the xDrive28d model of the F25 X3 is no longer available for sale in the United States.
In 2014 for the 2015 model year, the F25 received a LCI (Life Cycle Impulse) facelift. Changes include new modified twin circular headlights (optional LED headlights), redesigned kidney grille, new front and rear bumpers, and exterior mirrors with integrated turn signal indicators; a centre console with optional automatic climate control system in high-gloss black-panel look, new cup holders with a sliding cover for the centre console, new exterior colours, upholstery designs, interior trim strips and light-alloy wheels; new xLine equipment package, optional Smart Opener for the automatic tailgate and storage packages.
Emission violations reported
|Model||Years||Type/code||Power@rpm||Torque@rpm||Acceleration 0–100 km/h (s)||Top speed|
|xDrive20i||2012–||1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (N20B20U0)||184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)@5000–6250||270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft)@1250–4500||8.3||210 km/h (130 mph)|
|xDrive28i (3.0)||2011||2,996 cc (182.8 cu in) I6 (N52B30)||243 PS (179 kW; 240 hp)@6600||299 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft)@2750||6.7||210 km/h (130 mph)|
|xDrive28i (2.0T)||2012–||1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (N20B20O0)||245 PS (180 kW; 242 hp)@5000||350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft)@1250–4500||6.7||210 km/h (130 mph)|
|xDrive35i||2011–||2,979 cc (181.8 cu in) I6 twin scroll turbo (N55B30M0)||306 PS (225 kW; 302 hp)@5800||400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)@1200–5000||5.7||245 km/h (152 mph)|
|Model||Years||Type/code||Power@rpm||Torque@rpm||Acceleration 0–100 km/h (s)||Top speed|
|sDrive18d||2012–||1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo (N47D20)||143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp)@4000||360 N⋅m (266 lb⋅ft)@1750–2500||9.9||195 km/h (121 mph)|
|xDrive20d||2011–||1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo (N47D20)||184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)@4000||380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft)@1750–2750||8.5||210 km/h (130 mph)|
|xDrive30d||2011–||2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) I6 turbo (N57D30O1)||258 PS (190 kW; 254 hp)@4000||560 N⋅m (413 lb⋅ft)@2000–2750||6.2||230 km/h (143 mph)|
|xDrive35d||2011–||2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) I6 twin turbo (N57D30T1)||313 PS (230 kW; 309 hp)@4400||630 N⋅m (465 lb⋅ft)@1500–2500||5.8||244 km/h (152 mph)|
|sDrive20i (184PS)||2014–||1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (N20B20U0)||184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)@5000–6250, 270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft)@1250–4500|
|xDrive20i (184PS)||2014–||1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (N20B20U0)||184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)@5000–6250, 270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft)@1250–4500|
|xDrive28i (245PS)||2014–||1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo (N20B20O0)||245 PS (180 kW; 242 hp)@5000–6500, 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft)@1250–4800|
|xDrive35i (306PS)||2014–||2,979 cc (181.8 cu in) I6 twin scroll turbo (N55B30M0)||306 PS (225 kW; 302 hp)@5800–6400, 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)@1250–5000|
|sDrive18d (150PS)||2015–||1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo (B47D20)||150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp)@4000, 360 N⋅m (266 lb⋅ft)@1500–2250|
|xDrive20d* (190PS)||2015–||1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo (B47D20)||190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp)@4000, 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)@1750–2250|
|xDrive28d||2015–||1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo (N47D20)||182 PS (134 kW; 180 hp)@4000, 380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft)@1750–2750|
|xDrive30d||2015–||2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) I6 turbo (N57D30OL(tü))||258 PS (190 kW; 254 hp)@4000, 560 N⋅m (413 lb⋅ft)@1500–3000|
|xDrive35d||2015–||2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) I6 twin turbo (N57D30TOP(tü))||313 PS (230 kW; 309 hp)@4400, 630 N⋅m (465 lb⋅ft)@1500–2500|
* North American xDrive28d models used the four-cylinder engine from the European-specification xDrive20d models.
Third generation (G01; 2018–present)
|Transmission||8-speed ZF 8HP automatic|
|Wheelbase||2,864 mm (112.8 in)|
|Length||4,708 mm (185.4 in)|
|Width||1,891 mm (74.4 in)|
|Height||1,676 mm (66.0 in)|
Due to arrive in 2017, the next generation BMW X3 will have a new design created by BMW's Australian designer, Calvin Luk.
The new version is codenamed G01 and was unveiled in June 2017. The new X3 crossover will adopt a plug-in hybrid technology, and will be made available in two 2.0 litre diesel units known as B47, a next generation 3.0 diesel engine (B57), and a petrol variant (B58): a gasoline-powered, turbo-charged straight six with a displacement of 2998 cc.
The third-generation X3 will also gain new technology courtesy of the BMW 5 Series (G30), such as gesture control, LED exterior and interior lighting, and the newest BMW iDrive 6.0 system with a 12.5-inch widescreen touch-screen monitor for navigation systems. It also has optional Gesture controls.
|xDrive30i||2018–||1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) I4 twin scroll turbo||252 PS (185 kW; 249 hp)@5200, 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft)@1520–4800|
|M40i||2018–||2,998 cc (182.9 cu in) I6 twin scroll turbo||360 PS (265 kW; 355 hp)@5500–6500, 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)@1450–4800|
|xDrive20d||2018–||1,995 cc (121.7 cu in) I4 turbo||190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp)@4000, 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)@1750–2500|
|xDrive30d||2018–||2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) I6 turbo||265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp)@4000, 620 N⋅m (457 lb⋅ft)@2000–2500|
Production and sales
On 18 June 2008, the 500,000th X3 was produced in Graz.
|Calendar year||Total production||US sales|
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