BMW Z

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BMW Z
BMW Z4 II sDrive23i front 20100420.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer BMW
Production
  • 1989–1992
  • 1995–2016
  • 2018–
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style
Layout Longitudinal front-engine, rear-wheel-drive

The BMW Z models are a line of roadsters manufactured by German automaker BMW. The Z stands for zukunft (German for future),[1] and has been produced in four different series with five generations consisting of roadster, coupé, sports car, and concept variants.

The introduction of the M Coupé and M Roadster in the Z3 line marked the first of the Z series to have a high-performance BMW M variant. The first generation Z4 also continued to offer M Coupé and M Roadster vehicles, before being discontinued in the third generation E89 Z4.[2]

First generation (E30 based Z1; 1989–1992)[edit]

BMW Z1
BMW Z1

The BMW Z1 is a two-seat roadster developed by BMW and was produced from March 1989 to June 1991.[3] The Z1 featured unusual doors which, instead of opening outward or upward, dropped down into the door sills.[4] Only 8,000 examples of the Z1 were produced.[5]

Second generation (E36/7/8 Z3; 1996–2002)[edit]

BMW Z3 2.2i
BMW Z3 1.9i

The Z3 was the first modern mass-market roadster produced by BMW.[6] The Z3 was introduced as a 1996 model year vehicle shortly after being featured in the James Bond movie, GoldenEye, and more than 15,000 roadsters were sold out by the time the car was introduced.[7] The Z3 underwent a facelift in 1999 and featured revised styling, before the end of its production run in 2002.[8] It was manufactured and assembled in Spartanburg, South Carolina.[9]

Third generation (E52 Z8; 2000–2003)[edit]

BMW Z8
BMW Z8

The Z8 was produced from 2000 to 2003 and was the production variant of the 1997 Z07 concept car, which was designed by Danish Henrik Fisker at BMW's DesignworksUSA.[10] The Z07 originally was designed as a styling exercise to celebrate the BMW 507, and the overwhelming popularity of the concept spurred BMW's decision to produce a limited production model called the Z8. 5,703 Z8s were built, approximately half of which were exported to the United States.[11]

Fourth generation (E85/E86 Z4; 2002–2008)[edit]

BMW Z4 2.2i
BMW Z4

The first-generation BMW Z4 was known as the E85 in roadster form and E86 in coupé form.[12] It was designed by Danish BMW-designer Anders Warming.[13]

The Z4's design addressed many criticisms of the preceding Z3; and was larger and featured a significantly stiffer chassis.[14] The Z4 was initially only available as a roadster, but a coupé version was officially launched in 2006.[15] The last model rolled off the assembly line on 27 August 2008 at the Spartanburg plant.[16]

Fifth generation (E89 Z4; 2009–2017)[edit]

BMW Z4
BMW Z4

The second-generation Z4 was announced on 13 December 2008[17] and debuted at the 2009 North American International Auto Show in Detroit the following month.[18] It is the first Z Series model to use a retractable hardtop and meant that there were no longer separate roadster and coupé versions of the car.[19] The top is made of a two-piece lightweight aluminium shell and takes 20 seconds to operate.[20] Manufacturing was moved from Spartanburg, United States to Regensburg, Germany.[21]

Sixth generation (G29 Z4; 2018–present)[edit]

BMW Z4 Concept
BMW Z4 Concept

The G29 Z4 is the third and current generation Z4 and was unveiled at the Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance on 23 August, 2018.[22] It reuses the soft-top convertible roof found on the E85 Z4 instead of a retractable hardtop. The G29 Z4 also shares its platform with the fifth generation Toyota Supra.[23]

Z9 Concept (1999)[edit]

1999 BMW Z9 Concept

The BMW Z9 (or Z9 Gran Turismo) is a concept coupé introduced at the 1999 Frankfurt Auto Show,[24] with a convertible variant later unveiled at the 2000 Paris Auto Show.[25] The vehicle features unique gull-wing doors that also opened like a conventional hinged door and innovations such as an early concept of BMW's iDrive system, called the Intuitive Interaction Concept, were incorporated into other production vehicles.[26] Much of the styling found on the E63 6 Series is also derived from the Z9.[27]

Production and sales[edit]

The following are the production and sales figures for Z models, excluding the Z1:[28][29][30][31][32][33]

Year Production EU sales US sales
1996 15,040
1997 57,100[34] 30,954 19,760
1998 53,000[34] 27,776 20,613
1999 51,000[34] 24,268 20,062
2000 42,800[34] 18,681 16,699
2001 39,579[34] 17,358 15,884
2002 26,428[34] 10,749 10,490
2003 52,016[34] 24,224 20,324
2004 38,483[34] 18,593 13,654
2005 28,808[34] 14,137 10,045
2006 30,981[34] 15,844 12,284
2007 28,383[34] 15,281 10,097
2008 18,006[34] 6,116 5,879
2009 22,761[34] 13,497 3,523
2010 24,575 13,153 3,804
2011 18,809 9,417 3,479
2012 15,249 7,508 2,751
2013 12,866[35] 5,970 2,480
2014 10,802 5,373 2,151
2015 7,950 4,093 1,829
2016 5,432 3,006 1,187

References[edit]

  1. ^ Toma, Sebastian (2017-05-15). "BMW Z4 Replacement Will Not Be Called Z5, Company Official Says". autoevolution. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  2. ^ "What's the best BMW Z car?". BMW BLOG. 2016-05-05. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  3. ^ Oswald, op. cit., p. 258. Production was to commence in June, 1988 but was delayed until March 1989.
  4. ^ "Retro review: the oddly doored BMW Z1". Top Gear. 2017-09-24. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  5. ^ "1989 - 1991 BMW Z1 Review @ Top Speed". Top Speed. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  6. ^ "1996-2002 BMW Z3". www.hemmings.com. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  7. ^ Meier, Jeff. "z3roadster.com - Smiting swarms of untamed hippos since 1997". 
  8. ^ "AutoSpeed - New Car Test - BMW Z3 2.2i Roadster". www.autospeed.com. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  9. ^ "Last Z3 Roadster rolls off line at BMW Manufacturing | BMW US Factory". www.bmwusfactory.com. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  10. ^ "Henrik Fisker's 'Timeless' Automotive Designs". WIRED. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  11. ^ "BMW Z8 models for sale starting at $360,000". BMW BLOG. 2015-04-16. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  12. ^ "AustralianCar.Reviews: #1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations". australiancar.reviews. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  13. ^ "Design to Reality: the Z4 Roadster". AutoFieldGuide. Archived from the original on 2009-01-12. 
  14. ^ "2003 BMW Z4". Road & Track. 2012-11-06. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  15. ^ "2006 BMW Z4 3.0si Coupe". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  16. ^ "The last BMW Z4 built at Spartanburg Plant". BMW BLOG. 2008-08-31. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  17. ^ "2009 BMW Z4 Review: The New Landshark has landed". Autospies.com. 2008-12-14. Archived from the original on 15 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  18. ^ "Detroit Auto Show Preview: 2009 BMW Z4 Roadster". Road & Track. 2008-12-12. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  19. ^ "2009 BMW Z4 Convertible - Prices & Reviews". www.autotrader.com. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  20. ^ "New BMW Z4 to debut on Jan 11th". iCars Singapore. Archived from the original on 2009-03-01. 
  21. ^ "BMW Z4 finds home in Regensburg". Automotive News. 2009-04-20. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  22. ^ Constantine, Chris. "BMW Teases New Model Ahead of Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance". The Drive. Retrieved 2018-08-23. 
  23. ^ "Toyota Supra to be little more than a rebodied BMW Z4?". Autoblog. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  24. ^ "1999 BMW Z9 Review @ Top Speed". Top Speed. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  25. ^ "BMW Z9 Convertible Concept". Motor1.com. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  26. ^ "BMW Press Release: BMW Group at the 2001 North American International Auto Show". Press.bmwgroup.com. Retrieved 2012-05-25. [permanent dead link]
  27. ^ "10 things you did not know about the BMW 6 Series". MOTOR SHOW BLOG. 2015-01-11. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  28. ^ "BMW Z3 US car sales figures". carsalesbase.com. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  29. ^ "BMW Z4 US car sales figures". carsalesbase.com. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  30. ^ "BMW Z8 US car sales figures". carsalesbase.com. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  31. ^ "BMW Z3 US car sales figures". carsalesbase.com. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  32. ^ "BMW Z4 European sales figures". carsalesbase.com. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  33. ^ "BMW Z8 European sales figures". carsalesbase.com. Retrieved 2018-06-05. 
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m http://www.autointell.com/european_companies/BMW/business-figures/BMW-business-figures-1997-2006-WB.xls
  35. ^ http://www.bmwgroup.com/e/0_0_www_bmwgroup_com/investor_relations/downloads/_pdf/InvestorPresent_March_2014_online.pdf