2014 BMW i3
|Also called||BMW Mega City Vehicle|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||5-door hatchback|
|Engine||W20K06U0 25 kW 647 cc, two-cylinder generator (optional) with a fuel tank capacity of
9 L (2.4 US gal) in Europe
7.2 L (1.9 US gal) in the U.S.
|Electric motor||125 kW (168 bhp)|
|Transmission||Single speed with fixed ratio|
|Battery||22 (18.8 usable) kWh lithium-ion battery (temperature conditioned)|
130 km (81 mi) EPA
130 to 160 km (80 to 100 mi) NEDC
REx (with range extender)
116 km (72 mi) (EPA)
Total: 240 km (150 mi) (EPA)
|Plug-in charging||7.4 kW on-board charger on IEC Combo AC, optional Combo DC|
|Wheelbase||2,570 mm (101 in)|
|Length||3,999 mm (157.4 in)|
|Width||1,775 mm (69.9 in)|
|Height||1,578 mm (62.1 in)|
|Curb weight||1,195 kg (2,635 lb)
1,315 kg (2,899 lb) (with range extender)
The BMW i3 is a five-door urban electric car developed by the German manufacturer BMW. The i3 is part of BMW's "Project i" and was launched as a new brand, BMW i. The i3 is BMW's first zero emissions mass-produced vehicle due to its electric powertrain, and BMW is the first company to launch a volume production vehicle on the market featuring carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer to improve the vehicle's energy consumption. As of May 2016[update], the BMW i3 is the most fuel efficient EPA-certified vehicle of all years regardless of fuel type, and the i3 REx is the most efficient EPA-certified current year vehicle with a gasoline engine.
The BMW i3's official range is 130 to 160 km (80 to 100 mi) under the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC), and up to 200 km (120 mi) in the most efficient driving mode. Under the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) cycle the official range is 130 km (81 mi) with combined fuel economy of 124 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent —MPGe— (1.90 L/100 km; 149 mpg imp). BMW is offering a range extender (“REx”) option powered by a 647 cc two-cylinder gasoline engine with a small fuel tank that engages when the battery level drops to a pre-specified point, acting purely as a generator to produce electricity to extend the range to between 260 to 290 km (160 to 180 mi) in everyday driving conditions. Under EPA testing cycle, the i3 REx total range is 240 km (150 mi).
In May 2016, BMW announced that the 2017 model year (MY) BMW i3 will come with an improved battery pack with 50% more capacity (33 kWh) than the previous model with a corresponding range increase expected to achieve 114 mi (183 km) under the EPA cycle, and 190 mi (300 km) under the NEDC test. The Range Extender (REx) variant will also feature the same higher capacity battery as the all-electric model, with a corresponding all-electric range increase. Deliveries of the 2017 MY i3 in the U.S. market are scheduled to begin in the third quarter of 2016. Both variants with the improved battery will be available in the UK, Germany and France starting in July 2016.
The i3 concept car was unveiled at the 2011 International Motor Show Germany. and the production version was unveiled in July 2013. Mass production of the i3 began in September 2013 and retail deliveries started in Europe in November 2013. Deliveries in the U.S. began in May 2014. Pricing in the United States starts at US$42,275 before any government incentives, and the range extender option costs an additional US$3,850. Prices in Germany start from €34,950 (US$46,400). Pricing in the UK starts at GB£30,680 (US$47,195) before the applicable government grant.
As of November 2015[update], the i3 ranks as the world's third best selling all-electric car in history. As of April 2016[update], cumulative global i3 sales totaled over 47,000 units. The i3 ranked third among all-electric cars sold worldwide both in 2014 and 2015, and it was also the world's fifth top selling plug-in electric car in 2015.
Among other awards and recognition, the BMW i3 won two World Car of the Year Awards selected as 2014 World Green Car of the Year and also as 2014 World Car Design of the Year. The i3 was also given an iF Product Design Gold Award, and, in the first UK Car of the Year Awards, it won in two categories: UK Car of the Year 2014 and Best Supermini of 2014.
- 1 History
- 2 Design and technology
- 3 Production
- 4 Markets and sales
- 5 Reception
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
In February 2011, BMW announced a new sub-brand, BMW i, to market the vehicles produced under Project i. BMW i vehicles are to be sold separately from BMW or Mini. The first two production models are the all-electric Mega City Vehicle (MCV), now called BMW i3, and a plug-in hybrid called BMW i8, which is the production version of the Vision Efficient Dynamics concept unveiled at the 2009 International Motor Show Germany and has an all-electric range of 50 kilometres (31 mi). Production of both plug-in electric cars was scheduled to start in Leipzig in 2013.
The i3 concept car was unveiled at the 2011 International Motor Show Germany. BMW showcased a BMW i3 prototype during the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, and the production version was unveiled in July 2013.
BMW unveiled the i3 Concept Coupé study at the 2012 Los Angeles Auto Show. The carmaker developed the concept car to demonstrate the potential for extending the model range. The three-door coupe, like the five-door i3 electric sedan, is propelled by an electric motor developed by the BMW Group, with a maximum output of 125 kW/170 hp and peak torque of 250 N·m (184 lb-ft). Power delivery to the rear wheels is via a single-speed transmission. The li-ion battery pack is placed under the floor and can deliver an all-electric range of 160 km (99 mi), but a gasoline engine referred to as "REx", can be added to extend the car's range to 320 km (200 mi).
Design and technology
BMW explained that taking advantage of the fact that the vehicle does not need an internal combustion engine up front, the i3 is being designed from the ground up, but avoiding to look podlike, with a dynamic sweep of the roof and the beltine to make it look sportier than most electrics. In order to achieve a lightweight car, the i3 will be the first mass production car to have most of its internal structure and body being made of carbon-fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP). Like other BMW models before it, the i3 features door panels made of hemp, which mixed with plastic helps lower the weight of each panel by about 10%. Hemp fibers, left exposed, also form a design element of the car's interior. Benoit Jacob, BMW i Head of Design, said the use of natural materials like hemp and kenaf makes the i3's interior feel like "a small loft on wheels." As of November 2010, BMW had demonstrated only the light weight of the passenger compartment, and the automaker's chief executive said they had already decided on the basic design of the car and that road-testing prototypes began soon after.
The i3 features four doors and seating for four occupants with dimensions being slightly larger than the Mini Cooper and the BMW 1 Series, but smaller than the BMW 3 Series. The i3 is powered by a newly developed powertrain consisting of a 130-kilowatt (170 hp) electric motor running on lithium-ion batteries and driving the rear axle. BMW aimed to achieve a range of 160 km (100 mi), the same range that was expected for the BMW ActiveE, but in order to reduce weight with a battery capacity of 16 kWh instead of the ActiveE's 30 kWh.
The BMW i3 has two pedals like all cars with automatic transmission. The accelerator pedal acts as both accelerator and engine brake. When the driver releases the pedal, the vehicle's kinetic energy is regenerated by the vehicle drivetrain to recharge the battery. This has the effect of slowing the car down. During the field testing of the Mini E, which features an accelerator that recharges the battery in this way, and consists of brakes that only apply to the rear wheels, BMW has learned that drivers tend to rely on the engine brake: around 75% of all deceleration maneuvers are initiated without the brake pedal in urban traffic areas. BMW also expected the i3 to use the same type of battery and powertrain that is being tested in the BMW ActiveE trials.
The prototype presented at the 2011 International Motor Show Germany had a 22 kWh (79 MJ) lithium-ion battery pack that is expected to deliver between 130 to 160 km (80 to 100 mi) and the battery was fully charged in about four hours with the 240-volt charging unit. The i3 was expected to go from 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 60 mph) in less than eight seconds. The BMW i3 features a 130 kW (170 hp) electric motor mounted on the rear axle to drive the rear wheels and the top speed is limited to 150 km/h (93 mph).
BMW designed the i3 eDrive powertrain based on the premise that the battery would need to be recharged only once every two to three days. The charging frequency was derived from field trial results taken from the BMW ActiveE and MINI E vehicles in Asia, Europe and the U.S., whereby the typical commuting use between the pilot users' homes and workplaces was calculated.
In June 2012 an updated version of the BMW i3 concept car was unveiled at the opening of the first BMW i store, located on Park Lane in London, UK. The updated i3 concept consists of a new interior colour and materials concept. The seat covers combine responsibly sourced wool and leather naturally tanned with an olive oil leaf-based agent. The almost symmetrical curving dash is inlaid with treated eucalyptus wood that, according to BMW, is sourced from sustainably managed European forests.
Information is provided to the driver through a 16.5 cm (6.5 in) freestanding instrument cluster and a 22.3 cm (8.8 in) central information display. The bench-derived front seats replace the center tunnel that bisected the cabin and a floor-mounted transmission, brake levers or center console are also absent.
Charging and connectivity
The i3 allows the owner to charge the battery from a conventional socket. The BMW i3 has a number of charging functions. AC fast charging can take less than 3 hours with the use of the BMW i Wallbox Pure, when charging from 0 to 80%. The i3 also has a rapid charging option suitable for public DC charging stations and can take less than 30 minutes to charge from 0% to 80%. In the US, it can also be charged from any public charging station with an SAE J1772 connector.
The BMW i3 allows the driver to select the car energy consumption through three different drive modes: Comfort, Eco Pro or Eco Pro+ mode. In the standard Comfort mode the i3 delivers a range between 130 to 160 km (80 to 100 mi) in everyday driving conditions, while the i3 REx delivers between 260 to 290 km (160 to 180 mi). The Eco Pro mode increases the driving range by around 12% through a different accelerator pedal mapping which uses less power. In Eco Pro+ mode, all settings are geared to achieving the maximum possible range, increasing the driving range by about 24% compared with Comfort mode. In this mode the maximum speed of the BMW i3 is limited to 90 km/h (56 mph) and electrical devices such as the heating and air conditioning are switched to energy-saving mode.
Range extender option
BMW is offering a petrol/gasoline range extender engine as an option. The range extender is powered by the same 647 cc two-cylinder engine used in the BMW C650 GT maxi-scooter. The range extender engine operates only when the battery level drops to a pre-specified point, acting purely as a generator to produce electricity to extend the range to about 320 km (200 mi) for the European version. The European version has a 9 L (2.0 imp gal; 2.4 US gal) fuel tank while the American version has a smaller 7.2 L (1.6 imp gal; 1.9 US gal) fuel tank. Under EPA five-cycle testing, the i3 REx has a total range of 240 km (150 mi).
The i3 performance in range-extending mode may be more limited than when it is running on battery power, as BMW clarified the range extender is designed not for long-distance travel but purely as an emergency backup to keep the electric system going until the next recharging location. According to BMW, at the beginning of the i3 release, the use of range-extender was much more than the carmaker expected, more than 60%. Over time it has decreased significantly, with some people almost never using it, and by 2016 it is being regularly used in fewer than 5% of i3s.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency's 2014 edition of the "Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends" introduced utility factors for plug-in hybrids to represent the percentage distance driven using electricity by an average driver, in electric-only or blended modes. The BMW i3 REx, classified as a plug-in hybrid by the EPA, has a utility factor in EV mode of 83%, compared with 66% for the Chevrolet Volt, 65% for the Cadillac ELR, 45% for the Ford Energi models, 37% for the BMW i8, 33% for the Honda Accord Plug-in Hybrid, and 29% for the Toyota Prius PHV.
The range-extender option of the BMW i3 was designed to meet the California Air Resources Board (CARB) regulation for an auxiliary power unit (APU) called REx. According to rules adopted in March 2012 by CARB, the 2014 BMW i3 with a REx unit fitted is the first car ever to qualify as a range-extended battery-electric vehicle or "BEVx". CARB describes this type of electric vehicle as "a relatively high-electric range battery-electric vehicle (BEV) to which an APU is added." The unit, which maintains battery charge at about 30% after the pack has been depleted in normal use, is strictly limited in the additional range it can provide, and delivers a minimum 75 mi (121 km) electric range.
CARB classified the i3 with the REx option as a "Transitional Zero Emission Vehicle" (TZEV), the same classification as other plug-in hybrids such as the Chevrolet Volt and the Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid. This classification made the i3 REx eligible for California's green sticker that identifies the vehicles allowed to be operated by a single occupant in California's high-occupancy vehicle lanes (HOV), or carpool or diamond lanes, but not for the white sticker reserved for pure electric cars, such as the BMW i3 without REx. In addition, CARB certification of the i3 REx as BEVx allows the i3 with range extender to be eligible for a US$2,500 Clean Vehicle Rebate, the same amount eligible pure electric cars are entitled to. Other plug-in hybrids are eligible for only a US$1,500 purchase rebate.
Fuel economy and range
Under the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) the official range is 130 to 160 km (80 to 100 mi), and up to 200 km (120 mi) in the most efficient driving mode. Under the NEDC cycle, the energy consumption is 0.21 kWh/per mile. The model with the range extender option has an official NEDC total range of 257 to 299 km (160 to 186 mi).
Under its five-cycle testing, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rated the 2014 through 2016 model year all-electric BMW i3's energy consumption at 27 kWh/100 miles (16.9 kWh/ 100 km) with a combined fuel economy at 124 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent – MPGe – (1.90 L/100 km; 149 mpg imp) with an all-electric range of 130 km (81 mi). These ratings allow the all-electric BMW i3 to become the most fuel efficient EPA-certified vehicle sold in the United States of all years regardless of fuel type. The range-extended model has lower ratings than the all-electric i3 due to the extra weight of the twin-cylinder gasoline engine used in the i3 REx. Nevertheless, the i3 REx replaced the Chevrolet Volt as the most efficient EPA-certified current year vehicle with a gasoline engine. The following are the EPA ratings for the all-electric and range-extended models.
|BMW i3 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ratings|
|BEV||2014/15/16||81 mi (130 km)||124 mpg-e
(27 kW-hrs/100 mi)
(25 kW-hrs/100 mi)
(30 kW-hrs/100 mi)
|Since May 2014 the all-electric BMW i3 is the most fuel efficient
EPA-certified vehicle of all years regardless of fuel type.
72 mi (116 km)
(29 kW-hrs/100 mi)
|97 mpg-e (35 kW·h/100 mi)||79 mpg-e (44 kW·h/100 mi)||The EPA classifies the i3 REx as a series plug-in hybrid or EREV
while CARB as a range-extended battery-electric vehicle (BEVx).
Since June 2014 the BMW i3 REx is the most fuel efficient
EPA-certified vehicle current year vehicle with a gasoline engine.
78 mi (126 km)
|39 miles per US gallon (6.0 L/100 km; 47 mpg-imp)||41 miles per US gallon (5.7 L/100 km; 49 mpg-imp)||37 miles per US gallon (6.4 L/100 km; 44 mpg-imp)|
|Total: 150 mi (240 km)|
In October 2015, BMW CEO Harald Krüger announced that the i3 will get more range in 2016 (model year 2017). According to Autocar, the BMW i3 will be set to extend its range from 160 km (100 mi) to 200 km (124 mi) under the NEDC test cycle using the same 22 KWh battery capacity (18.7kWh usable). The efficiency gains will be obtained by using a new battery with a higher power density, and an upgraded electronics package that features new software mapping for the battery cooling system and the electric motor. The improved battery pack will fit both the all-electric i3 and the i3 with the range extender. The new battery will also be available as a retro-fit option for existing i3s.
The European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP) awarded the i3 a four-star car safety rating, resulting in the following ratings for each criteria:
|Euro NCAP test results|
|BMW i3 (2013)|
The BMW i3's overall ratings are lower than the other six best-selling plug-in electric vehicles, the Volvo V60 Plug-in Hybrid, Renault Zoe, Nissan Leaf, Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV, Chevrolet Volt and Opel Ampera, all of which were rated five stars.
BMW i offers additional mobility packages for trips where the range of an BMW i3 would not be enough to allow customers to cover longer distances, such as providing a conventional BMW vehicle for a specified number of days per year. The program started in October 2014 in the US and individual dealers can choose to participate in this program or not. BMW is also offering a roadside assistance program in areas of high sales. The assistance vehicle will provide a charge so the i3 can travel to the next charging station. In addition, the i3 digital display panel shows the location of nearby recharging stations to alleviate range anxiety.
In May 2016, BMW announced that the 2017 model year (MY) BMW i3 will come with a 33 kWh battery, up from 22 kWh in the previous model, allowing to increase the range up to 114 mi (183 km) under everyday conditions, up from the 81 mi (130 km) EPA rated range, and BMW expects to achieve an EPA rated electricity consumption of 27 kWh/100 mi (16.9 kWh/ 100 km). The improved battery pack capacity was increased by more than 50% without any changes in exterior dimensions. BMW and Samsung SDI optimized the cell-internal packages with more electrolyte and adapted the active material, resulting in higher energy density of the lithium ion cells that increased battery capacity to 94 A·h and overall battery energy to 33 kWh of which 27.2 kWh can be effectively used. The previous battery capacity was 60 Ah and produced 22 kWh (gross) with a net capacity of 19 kWh. Under the New European Driving Cycle the 2017 all-electric i3 is expected to achieve 300 km (190 mi) (or 200 km (120 mi) by BMW test), up from 190 km (120 mi).
The Range Extender (REx) variant will also feature the same higher capacity battery as the all-electric model, with a corresponding all-electric range increase. The 2017 REx model will offer additional range in the American market thanks to a larger fuel tank that is 25% larger than the previous model with capacity for 2.4 US gal (9.1 l; 2.0 imp gal). This is actually the same tank the i3 has always been manufactured with and used outside the U.S., but BMW had locked out the tank’s last half-gallon of capacity in the American market, as the car had more gasoline-powered range than all-electric range, which would affect its status as a zero-emissions vehicle (ZEV) in California. Since the 2017 model has an increased range now exceeds its gas-powered range, BMW was able unlocked the full tank without affecting its ZEV status.[clarification needed]
Deliveries of the 2017 MY i3 in the American market are scheduled to begin in the third quarter of 2016. Both variants with the improved battery will be available in the UK, Germany and France starting in July 2016. Owners of previous i3 models in selected markets will have the option to retrofit their vehicles with the improved battery. BMW plans to use the used 22 kWh batteries in the manufacturing of stationary power storage units. The battery retrofit option will not be available in the U.S.
BMW is manufacturing carbon strands that form the basis of the i3's carbon-fiber reinforced plastic bodywork at a new US$100 million plant built in Moses Lake, Washington, using raw material shipped from Japan. This location was selected to take advantage of the abundant hydroelectric power available in this U.S. region because carbon-fiber production requires considerable energy and would otherwise emit much carbon dioxide. Electricity in this region also costs about one-seventh of what it costs in Germany, providing a financially beneficial reason for the Moses Lake location. The carbon fiber is then shipped to Landshut, Germany, where the carbon-fiber reinforced plastic parts are fabricated, and the vehicle assembly line is located in Leipzig.
In November 2010, the Leipzig plant was inaugurated, with an investment in the production that amounts to €400 million euros (US$561 million) through 2013. The plant is located at BMW's complex that already produces variants of the 1 Series model. A concept version of the BMW i3 Coupe reflecting the current status of ongoing development was presented at the March 2013 Geneva Motor Show. The production vehicle was officially unveiled simultaneously in New York, London and Beijing on 29 July 2013. Series production for retail customers began on 18 September 2013, and the first vehicle off the production line was handed over to German marathon runner Jan Fitschen. The car was used as the lead vehicle at the 2013 Berlin Marathon on September 29.
As of February 2014[update], BMW was producing an average of 70 cars a day, about half the planned production. The lower production output was attributed to a high defect rate in the carbon parts. The company planned to invest about €100 million in the production of carbon parts to solve the supply problems. According to BMW, there were 11,000 orders at the time, including 1,200 from U.S. customers. As a result of the high demand and the slow production rate, delivery waiting time extended to September 2014.
Markets and sales
The first i3 deliveries to retail customers in Europe took place at an official market launch ceremony held in Munich on 15 November 2013. The first delivery to a retail customer in the U.S. took place in May 2014. Global sales passed the 10,000 unit mark in September 2014, and the 25,000 unit milestone in May 2015. According to BMW, as of November 2015[update], 80% of i3 buyers are new to the brand. As of May 2016[update], the BMW i3 is available in 50 countries.
As of November 2015[update], the i3 ranked as the world's third best selling all-electric car in history. Since its introduction, global cumulative sales totaled 47,438 units through April 2016. A total of 1,477 were registered in 2013 in Europe, 16,052 units were sold worldwide in 2014, and global sales totaled 24,057 units in 2015. The i3 ranked third among all-electric cars sold worldwide in 2014, after the Nissan Leaf and the Tesla Model S. The BMW i3 was again the world's third best selling all-electric car in 2015, and also ranked fifth in 2015 among the world's top selling plug-in electric cars.
As of December 2015[update], the United States ranked as the i3 top selling market with 17,116 units sold, followed by Germany with 5,063 units registered, Norway with 4,494 units registered, and the UK with 3,747 units registered. The Norwegian market has the largest i3 penetration due to its population size, and during the first ten months of 2015 the BMW i3 has been the best-selling model across the entire BMW range available in Norway. The i3 was the best selling electric car in Germany since it was launched in November 2013 through November 2015, and also it ranks third in the United States since its introduction.
After the i3 was launched with much fanfare in 2013, BMW, like many other carmakers, faced weak reception of its electric car lineup. BMW planned to sell at least 30,000 units from 2014.
Deliveries in Australia are scheduled to begin in November 2014. Pricing starts at A$63,990 (US$60,050) for the all-electric version and A$69,900 (US$65,600) for the model with the range extender option. Sales have been consistent but low due to the lack of incentives or Government grants. BMW Australia to their credit have been actively lobbying the Australian government to provide incentives like those offered in Northern America to allow more customers to purchase however no incentive has been offered before so is unlikely to occur in the near future.
Retail sales began on 21 September 2014. Pricing starts at CN¥449,000 (~US$73,000). Initial sales were limited to seven dealerships in Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen and Shenyang. As of March 2015[update], the i3 is also available in Guangzhou, Chengdu, and Hangzhou. BMW expected combined sales of around 1,000 units for its i3 and i8 models through December 2014. In Shanghai, where new car registrations are limited to 50,000 vehicles a year and sold by public auction, owners of the BMW i3 are eligible for one of 3,000 free license plates available for imported electric cars. Due to the inadequate charging infrastructure in China, BMW plans to install 50 charging stations in Shanghai in partnership with State Grid Shanghai Electric Vehicle Co. As of November 2015[update], the BMW i3 is the only imported electric vehicle in China which can be purchased tax-free and avoids the local licence plate lottery.
A special version of the BMW i3 was developed for Japan to accommodate the low height of the car parking spaces in the country. As of April 2015[update], there were 46 dealers selling the i3 in Japan, and since April 1, online sales began in the country through Amazon.com. After placing the car in their virtual shopping carts, customers have to wait for a call from BMW, and produce documents showing they have a parking space and access to a charging station.
Since July 2013 a total of 1,477 units were registered in Europe through December 2013, including about 400 press fleet vehicles and dealer demonstrators. During its first year in the market, a total of 5,804 all-electric i3s and 3,940 REx variants were sold in Europe, totalling 9,744 i3s sold in 2015. The model with the REx variant ranked as the third best selling plug-in hybrid in the region, while the pure electric variant ranked fourth among the top selling all-electric cars. During 2015 i3 sales totaled 12,047 units, with the i3 REx outselling the pure electric variant, 6,566 to 5,481, and achieving a growth of 67% from 2014. As of December 2015[update], cumulative sales in the region totaled 23,268 units since its inception in late 2013.
A total of 138 i3s were registered in Denmark in 2014. BMW introduced a fleet of 400 all-electric i3s to the DriveNow carsharing service in Copenhagen, which is interconned with the city's public transportation service.
Pricing in France starts at €34,990 before the applicable government incentive, and the range extender option costs an additional €4,710. The BMW i3 is one of the plug-in electric cars that is compatible with Autolib' charging network in Paris. The i3 is also compatible with the carsharing networks of Bluely in Lyon and Bluecub in Bordeaux. Private owners can access this network through a montlhy or annual subscription. Registrations totaled 68 units in 2013. During 2014 a total of 193 all-electric i3s were sold in the country, and 414 units with the REx option (68.29%). Cumulative registrations reached 1,497 units by the end of December 2015.
Prices in Germany start from €34,950 and deliveries to retail customers began in Munich on 15 November 2013. A total of 559 were registered during 2013. The BMW i3 ranked as the top selling plug-in electric car in the country during the first quarter of 2014, representing 34.5% of the segment sales. The i3 ended 2014 as the segment's top selling car with 2,233 units registered in the country through December 2014. As of December 2015[update], cumulative registrations totaled 5,063 units. Most of the i3s sold in Germany are equipped with the range-extender engine.
Released in October 2013 a total of 34 units were sold in Italy in 2013. Cumulative sales totaled 162 units through July 2014, of which, 45 are REx models sold during the first seven months of 2014.
Prices in the Netherlands start at €35,500 and the range extender option costs an additional €4,490. Deliveries were scheduled to begin in November 2013. A total of 252 units were registered in the country in 2013, and 545 in 2014. Cumulative sales totaled 1,371 i3s through December 2015.
Deliveries of the BMW i3 in Norway began on 16 November 2013 at a price of 237,100 kroner, with a choice of three "trims" presented to consumers. According to BMW, there were more than 2,000 orders in the country, but only 50 units were allocated for the Norwegian market in 2013; BMW planned to deliver another 1,500 in 2014, thus extending deliveries far into 2015. Sales through December 2013 totaled 51 units. Accounting for new car sales during 2014, the i3 listed among the 20th best selling new passenger car in Norway almost every month, and ended the year with 2,040 units sold, and a market share of 1.5% of new car sales in 2014. Cumulative registrations reached 4,494 units through December 2015.
A total of 11 units were sold in 2013. Of these, 10 units sold with the range extender option, which in Sweden is classified as plug-in hybrid. The all-electric version is accounted separately. As of December 2014[update], cumulative sales totaled 221 units, of which, 64.3% are REx models (142 units).
A total of 106 units were registered in 2013 and 390 in 2014. During the first half of 2014 the i3 was the third best selling plug-in electric car in the country, with a 20% market share of the plug-in segment sales. During the first nine months of 2015, all variants of the i3 totaled 588 units registered, ranking second after the Tesla Model S (1,146). The REx variant represented 65.8% of the model registrations during that period. Cumulative registrations totaled 1,499 units through May 2016.
- United Kingdom
The BMW i3 was officially launched in the UK on 6 November 2013. The i3 is available in the UK with four different interiors: Standard, Loft, Lodge and Suite. Pricing in the UK starts at GB£30,680 before the applicable government grant. Leasing for a 36-month contract starts at GB£369 per month including VAT, plus an initial payment of GB£2,995 including VAT. Pricing of the BMW i3 with the range extender option starts at GB£33,830 before government incentives and leasing for the model with Suite interior is GB£480 per month including VAT.
According to BMW, the UK is one of the main i3 markets. As of September 2014[update], a total of 1,029 units had been sold in the UK, of which, 575 (56%) were range extended versions. A total of 4,065 units were registered at the end of March 2016, of which, 2,855 (70%) were models with the REx option.
Sales began in Canada in May 2014, starting at a price of CA$44,950 before any available government incentives. The optional range extender cost an additional CA$4,000. As of December 2015[update], registrations totaled 573 units consisting of 218 all-electric units (38%) and 355 with the REx option (62%).
- United States
The first delivery to a retail customer in the U.S. took place in Boston on 2 May 2014. During the first three months, U.S. bounded production was restricted to a special "Launch Edition" i3, with the full option package and the Tera World interior. The only choices customers had at launch were the exterior paint color, the 20″ Sport wheels, and the range extender. Production of normal custom ordered models was scheduled to begin in June. As thanks for their participation in the trial lease program, ActiveE drivers enjoyed priority ordering and the first batch of i3s was allocated to these customers. ActiveE customers were also allowed to order the i3 with any option they select and received the heated seats and DC quick charge options free of charge. Also, BMW created some unique features for the i3 cars of ActiveE drivers, such as embroidered front trunk liner and BMW i floor mats, and interior, exterior and door sill badging. BMW called these cars the “Electronaut Edition i3″.
The American market launch was limited to Los Angeles, San Francisco, Sacramento, San Diego, Austin and New York City, plus suburban areas of New Jersey and Connecticut. Pricing in the U.S. starts at US$42,275 before any applicable government incentives, and the range extender option costs an additional US$3,850. Both the all-electric and REx versions are eligible for a federal tax credit of up to US$7,500. In California both the all-electric and REx versions are also eligible for a Clean Vehicle Rebate of US$2,500. However the REx (BEx) version is eligible for California's green sticker reserved for plug-in hybrids that allows access to California's high-occupancy vehicle lanes (HOV), while the BEV version is eligible for the white sticker reserved for pure electric cars.
The i3 is available in three trim levels, Mega World, the standard model in the US, Giga World and the top-of-the-line Tera World. The base Mega World comes standard with 19-inch forged aluminum wheels, BMW Navigation, BMW ConnectedDrive with eCall, the BMW i Remote, an alarm, 7.4 kW on-board charger and LED headlights, DRLs and tail lights. The interior is donned in bright, lightweight Sensatec and sustainable cloth, which is made from recycled materials. It also features a leather trimmed steering wheel and grained dash trim. The next level Giga World has all the features of the Mega with the addition of Giga-specific 19-inch wheels and an interior wrapped in leather and wool cloth. A universal garage door opener is included for easy access to the i3's BMW i Charging Station. It also has Comfort Access, and satellite radio. The Tera World adds unique 19-inch wheels, luxury full leather, olive leaf-tanned interior with textile accents and contrasting stitching, and anthracite floors mats. Available for every trim is the technology and driving assist and the parking assist packages. The driving assist package includes the wide-screen Navigation Professional with advanced real-time traffic and the new touch pad, BMW Assist with Enhanced Bluetooth and USB with BMW Apps, Online Information services, Deceleration Assistant, ACC Stop & Go, Speed Limit info, BMW ConnectedDrive services, Forward Collision Warning, Pedestrian Protection and City Collision Mitigation. The parking assist package includes a rear-view camera, Park Assistant, which helps take advantage of tight parallel parking opportunities, and Front Auto Park Distance Control.
BMW i3 sales represented almost 2% of BMW passenger car sales in the American market during its first month in the market, and climbed to 5.4% in September 2014. During 2014 about 3,000 were sold in California, representing about half of total U.S. sales that year. In addition to California, other major regional markets are Texas and southern Florida. Although BMW does not report the break down of U.S. sales by BEV and REx trim, based on production figures, it is estimated that as of June 2014[update], the REx/BEV ratio for the American market is to 3:2. A total of 17,878 BMW i3s have been sold in the U.S. through March 2016.
In September 2014 the BMW i3 became the first plug-in electric car available for retail sales in Brazil. Due to the country's high import taxes and lack of government incentives for electric drive vehicles, the i3 pricing starts at R$225,900 (~ US$98,500) for the all-electric model and at R$235.950 (~ US$102,600) for the REx model. The i3 is available only in eight cities: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Curitiba, Brasilia, Belo Horizonte, Salvador, Recife, and Joinville. BMW announced that a stock of 130 units has been reserved for the Brazilian market. Owners of the i3 registered in São Paulo are exempted from the city's driving restriction scheme (Portuguese: rodízio veicular). About 30 units have been sold in São Paulo by the end of September 2014.
Presales started in October 2014 and the first shippings were expected to be made in early December 2014. Pricing starts at COP$154.9 million (~US$49,000). All-electric cars priced in Colombia under US$52,000 are exempted from import duties between 2013 and 2016, and limited to 750 units imported per year. Since its introduction, i3 sales totaled 25 units through June 2015.
- Other countries
The following table presents annual retail sales or registrations of the top selling national markets through December 2015 for both variants of the BMW i3, except when noted.
|BMW i3 sales/registrations by country
2013 – 2015
|Notes: (1) Figure does not includes REx version sales in France.
(2) Sales in Japan only between April and August 2014.
The BMW i3 was selected by the Green Car Journal as one of the five finalists for the 2012 Green Car Vision Award. In July 2013, the Wired and The Christian Science Monitor media sources published favorable reviews for the model.
The BMW i3 won the Car Design of the Year award for 2013 in the production category at the 2014 Geneva Auto Show. The i3 was selected by a panel of senior design directors. The other runners up in the production category were the Jaguar F-Type Coupe and Porsche 918 Spyder. The i3 also received an iF Product Design Gold Award for "the incorporation of sustainability in all facets of the interieur and exterieur design.”
The BMW i3 was selected as finalist in three categories for the 2014 World Car of the Year Awards. At the 2014 New York International Auto Show was announced as the winner of the 2014 World Green Car of the Year and also 2014 World Car Design of the Year.
In the first UK Car of the Year Awards, the BMW i3 won in two categories, UK Car of the Year 2014 and Best Super-mini of 2014. The winners in each category were voted for by a panel of 27 motoring journalists in the UK. The i3 was also a finalist of the 2014 European Car of the Year awards. It ended up voted in second place. The i3 was ranked first in Kelley Blue Book Top 10 Best Green Cars for 2014. At the 2014 Los Angeles Auto Show the BMW i3 was announced as the winner of Green Car Journal's 2015 Green Car of the Year Award.
In Australia, the BMW i3 was awarded the 2014 Wheels Car of the Year by Wheels Magazine considered Australia's most prestigious automotive award.The BMW i3 is the first all-electric car to win the award. This was the first time BMW Australia won Wheels Car of the Year since the awards were established over 50 years ago in 1963.
- Automatic parking
- Electric car use by country
- Government incentives for plug-in electric vehicles
- List of electric cars currently available
- List of modern production plug-in electric vehicles
- List of production battery electric vehicles
- MIT Media Lab's CityCar
- Personal Urban Mobility and Accessibility
- Richard Kim – Exterior Designer BMW i3 i8. YouTube. Retrieved 2013-03-10.
- Phil Patton (2011-11-10). "At BMW’s New Electric Subbrand, a Young Designer Makes His Mark". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-02-09.
- Nikki Gordon-Bloomfield (2014-04-23). "U.S. Spec BMW i3 REX: Smaller Gas Tank, No Range Hold, Limited Speed?". Transport Evolved. Retrieved 2014-05-02.
- BMW USA. "The BMW i3 with Range Extender – Features & Specs". BMW USA. Retrieved 2014-05-25.
- BMW i. "BMW i3 Technical Data: BMW eDrive". BMW. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
- Jay Cole (2013-07-29). "BMW i3 Range Extender To Offer Up to 87 More Miles, Decreases Performance". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
- "BMW i3 Technical Data". Retrieved 2014-03-19.
- United States Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2015-12-04). "Compare Side-by-Side: 2014/2015 BMW i3 BEV & 2014/2015 BMW i3 REx". fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2015-12-06.
- Antony Ingram (2014-05-21). "2014 BMW i3 REx Window Sticker Revealed, 39 MPG On Gasoline: BREAKING". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2014-05-25. See details in EPA window sticker
- Jack Ewing (2010-07-29). "Will Plug-In BMWs Turn Enthusiasts On?". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- Jay Cole (2013-02-26). "First BMW i3 Electric Car Test Ride, 2.3 Gallon Range Extender Option To Cost About $4,000". Inside EVs. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
- Tom Murphy (2010-05-19). "Mini E Only Beginning of BMW EV Strategy". Wards Auto. Archived from the original on 24 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-13.
- Joe Lorio (May 2010). "Green: Rich Steinberg Interview: Electric Bimmer Man". Automobile Magazine. Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- "BMW introduces new i sub-brand, first two vehicles i3 and i8; premium mobility services and new venture capital company". Green Car Congress. 2011-02-21. Retrieved 2011-02-21.
- "BMW Group: Megacity Vehicle to launch in 2013". BMW (press release). 2010-04-22. Retrieved 2010-08-03.
- U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2014-07-25). "Most Efficient EPA Certified Vehicles". fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2015-06-13. Current Model Year excludes all-electric vehicles.
- U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2014-07-25). "Fueleconomy.gov's Top Ten EPA-Rated Fuel Sippers (1984 to present) – All Years". fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2014-07-25. Excludes all-electric vehicles. Click on the tab "EPA Rated – All Years. The 2013–2014 Chevrolet Volt has a combined fuel economy of 62 MPG-e.
- "The new 2017 BMW i3 (94 Ah): More range paired to high-level dynamic performance" (Press release). Woodcliff Lake, New Jersey: BMW Group PressClub USA. 2016-05-02. Retrieved 2016-05-03.
- Staff (2016-05-02). "Mehr Reichweite für den BMW i3" [More range for the BMW i3] (in German). kfz-betrieb. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
- Siler, Steve (May 2016). "2017 BMW i3: Now with More Electric Range". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
- Lilly, Chris (2016-05-02). "New BMW i3 gets 195 mile range". Next Green Car UK. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
- Schwoerer, Philippe (2016-05-03). "De 300 à 400 km avec la nouvelle BMW i3" [From 300 to 400 km with the new BMW i3]. Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM) (in French). Retrieved 2016-05-05.
- Shaun Bailey (2011-09-13). "BMW i3 Concept – 2011 Frankfurt Auto Show". Road & Track. Retrieved 2011-10-02.
- Benjamin Preston (2013-07-29). "BMW Unveils i3 Electric Car". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
- Sebastian Blanco (2013-09-18). "BMW i3 starts production in Germany using local wind power, US carbon fiber". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2013-09-19.
- BMW Group (2013-11-06). "The new BMW i3 – Press pack". BMW Group Press Club UK. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
- Eric Loveday (2014-05-02). "BMW Announces Delivery Of First US i3". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-05-02.
- "US MSRP for BMW i3 EV will be $41,350, before incentives". Green Car Congress. 2013-07-22. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
- Jay Cole (2013-07-22). "BMW Sets Lease Price On i3 At $565 In The UK (£369) – Priced from £25,680". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
- "The BMW i3 turns two. Time for an interim review. In Germany the BMW i3 has been the best-selling electric car since it was launched. In the worldwide ranking it stands third." (Press release). Munich: BMW Group. 2015-11-12. Retrieved 2015-11-16.
- Mat Gasnier (2014-07-19). "World Full Year 2013: Discover the Top 1000 best-selling models!". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2014-07-27. A total of 1,477 i3s were registered in 2013. Includes press fleet vehicles and dealer demonstrators.
- "BMW Group sells more than 2 million vehicles in 2014" (Press release). Munich: BMW Group PressClub Global. 2015-01-09. Retrieved 2015-01-10. A total of 16,052 i3s and 1,741 i8s were sold in 2014.
- "BMW Group achieves fifth consecutive record sales year" (Press release). Detroit/Munich: BMW Group. 2016-01-11. Retrieved 2016-01-17. A total of 29,513 BMW i brand units were delivered to customers worldwide in 2015, up 65.9% from 2014, consisting of 24,057 BMW i3s and 5,456 BMW i8s.
- Jose, Pontes (2016-04-30). "World Top 10 March 2016". EVSales.com. Retrieved 2016-05-13. A total of 3,998 BMW i3s were delivered worldwide during the first quarter of 2016.
- "BMW Group sales continue to grow" (Press release). Munich: BMW Group PressClub Global. 2016-05-13. Retrieved 2016-05-13. A total of 2,181 BMW i electric vehicles were delivered to customers worldwide in April 2016, of which, 1,854 were i3 models.
- "Statement and presentation by Dr. Norbert Reithofer, Chairman of the Board of Management of BMW AG, Annual Accounts Press Conference in Munich on 18 March 2015" (Press release). Munich: BMW Group. 2015-03-18. Retrieved 2015-03-21.
- Jeff Cobb (2015-02-10). "2014's Top-10 Global Best-Selling Plug-in Cars". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2015-03-21. A total of 16,052 i3s were sold in 2014, with global cumulative sales since their introduction totaling 17,529 units through the end of 2014.
- Cobb, Jeff (2016-01-12). "Tesla Model S Was World’s Best-Selling Plug-in Car in 2015". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2016-01-23. The Tesla Model S was the top selling plug-in electric car in 2015 (50,366), followed by the Nissan Leaf (about 43,000), the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV (about 39,000), the BYD Qin (31,898) and the BMW i3 (24,057).
- "BMW’s "CO2 Champion" Performance Concept is a Plug-in Diesel Hybrid; 50 km/31 mile All-Electric Range; Thermo-electric Generator for Waste Heat Recovery". Green Car Congress. 2009-08-30. Retrieved 2011-02-21.
- Viknesh Vijayenthiran (2010-07-20). "First Major Outing For BMW Megacity Vehicle At 2012 London Olympic Games". Motor Authority. Retrieved 2010-07-23.
- BMW Group Press Club (2012-11-28). "BMW presents i3 Concept Coupé battery-electric vehicle at the LA Auto Show; focus on connectivity for driver assistance and intermodal mobility". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- Chris Woodyard (2012-11-28). "BMW builds buzz for electric i3 coupe concept". USA Today. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- Phil Patton (2010-07-03). "Envisioning a Small Electric BMW for the World’s Very Big Cities". New York Times. Archived from the original on 2010-07-09. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
- Chris Reiter & Angela Maier (2013-07-29). "BMW Electric Offered With Spare SUV to Ease Range Anxiety". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2016-02-24.
- "BMW i3 Saves Weight Using Hemp Fibers". TruthonPot.com. EV World. 2013-08-05. Retrieved 2016-02-24.
- Jack Ewings (2010-11-05). "BMW Inaugurates a Factory for Electric Cars". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-11-07.
- "Preview: BMW i3 and i8 plug-in cars". Consumer Reports. 2011-08-03. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- Philippe Crowe (2013-03-05). "BMW Reveals i3 Coming This Year". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2013-03-06.
- Nikki Gordon-Bloomfield (2012-06-13). "First BMW i Store Opens in London, i3 Concept Gets New Interior". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
- Levent Ozler (2012-06-13). "First BMW i Store Opens in London: New BMW i3 Concept and BMW i Pedelec Concept". Dexigner. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
- "Charging and Connectivity". BMW UK. Retrieved 2013-09-12.
- "Press Release". BMW Group. Retrieved 2013-07-09.
- "Connectivity features". BMW. Retrieved 2013-11-16.
- "CNET Tesla 2012 Model S review". CNET. Retrieved 2013-11-16.
- BMW USA. "The BMW i3 – Features & Specs". BMW USA. Retrieved 2014-05-25.
- Damon Lowney (2013-07-29). "BMW i3 gets official worldwide [UPDATE]". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2013-07-29. See details in press release.
- BMW Group (2013-04-03). "BMW i3 Concept Coupe: European premiere plus intelligent range-enhancing solutions". BMW Press Release. Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- Greg Kable (2013-02-24). "First rides in BMW i8 hybrid sportscar and all-electric i3". Autocar. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- John Voelcker (2013-03-12). "BMW i3 Electric Car: ReX Range Extender Not For Daily Use?". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
- Duff, Mike (2016-03-08). "BMW i Chief: Larger i Models Will Offer Optional Range-Extender". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2016-03-18.
- U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (October 2014). "Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through 2014" (PDF). EPA. Retrieved 2014-10-14. See Table 7.2 – MY 2014 Alternative Fuel Vehicle Powertrain and Range.
- John Voelcker (2013-10-23). "2014 BMW i3 Electric Car: Why California Set Range Requirements, Engine Limits". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2014-01-19.
- John Voelcker (2014-05-02). "2014 BMW i3 Range-Extended Model Gets Full $2,500 CA Rebate For Electric Cars". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2014-05-02.
- Eric Loveday (2014-04-28). "Breaking: BMW i3 REx Gets Green HOV Sticker, TZEV Rating". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-04-30.
- Nikki Gordon-Bloomfield (2014-04-29). "BMW i3 BEVx Approved for Coveted Californian Green HOV-Lane Sticker (Finally)". Transport Evolved. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
- Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (CVRP) (May 2014). "Eligible Vehicles". California Center for Sustainable Energy. Retrieved 2014-05-02.
- "The new BMW i3 – born to be electric" (Press release). London: BMW Group. 2013-07-29. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
- United States Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2016-05-03). "Compare Side-by-Side: 2015/2016 BMW i3 BEV & 2015/2016 BMW i3 REx". fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
- United States Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2015-08-12). "Model Year 2015 Fuel Economy Guide – Electric vehicles & Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles" (PDF). fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2015-08-17. pp. 31–34
- United States Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2014-07-23). "Model Year 2014 Fuel Economy Guide – Electric vehicles" (PDF). fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2014-07-25. pp. 33 and 35
- John Voelcker (2014-05-01). "2014 BMW i3 Electric Car Rated At 81 Miles, 124 MPGe: BREAKING". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2014-05-01. See details in EPA window sticker.
- Mark Kane (2015-11-25). "BMW To Improve i3 Drivetrain Efficiency For Slight Bump In Range". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
- Greg Kable (2015-11-23). "New battery to boost BMW i3 range". Autocar. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
- "Euro NCAP results for BMW i3" (PDF). euroncap.com. 2013.
- Eric Loveday (2013-11-27). "BMW i3 Scores Only 4 Stars in Euro NCAP Crash Tests (w/videos)". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-11-27.
- Moloughney, Tom. "BMW i Flexible Mobility Program Launches in the US". The Electric BMW i3. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
- Jack Ewing (2013-07-15). "With i3 Electric Car, BMW Tries to Ease Range Anxiety". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-08-11.
- "Technical Specifications for the BMW i3 (94Ah), valid from 07/2016.". BMW. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- Loveday, Eric (2016-05-05). "BMW 33 kWh Battery Retrofit For Older i3s Won’t Be Offered In U.S.". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
- Warwick, Graham (2015-04-17). "Automotive Industry Embraces Composites; Can Aerospace Benefit?". Aviation Week & Space Technology. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- MototingPro (2013-03-04). "BMW i3 concept coupe: European premiere". Automotive Industry Digest. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- Eric Loveday (2013-09-18). "German Marathon Runner Gets First Production BMW i3". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-09-19.
- Michael Freitag (2014-02-19). "Elektromobil – Produktionsprobleme beim BMW i3" [Electric car – Production problems with the BMW i3] (in German). Manager Magazine. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- Jason Siu (2014-01-31). "2014 BMW i3 Orders already hit 11,000 Globally". Auto Guide. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- BMW Press Release (2013-11-15). "BMW i3 market launch". BMW Group USA. Retrieved 2013-11-16.
- Jeff Cobb (2014-10-03). "BMW Increasing i3 and i8 Availability In US". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2014-10-03.
- Jeff Cobb (2015-06-11). "How Nissan and Renault are Dominating the Electric Car Game". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2015-06-11.
- Jay Cole (2015-01-05). "December 2014 Plug-In Electric Vehicle Sales Report Card". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2015-01-10.
- Jeff Cobb (2016-01-06). "December 2015 Dashboard". HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- Kraftfahrt-Bundesamtes (KBA) (January 2014). "Neuzulassungen von Personenkraftwagen im Dezember 2013 nach Segmenten und Modellreihen" [New registrations of passenger cars in December 2013 by segment and model series] (PDF) (in German). KBA. Retrieved 2014-05-10. A total of 559 units were registered in Germany in 2013.
- Kraftfahrt-Bundesamtes (KBA) (January 2015). "Neuzulassungen von Personenkraftwagen nach Segmenten und Modellreihen im Dezember 2014" [New registrations of passenger cars in December 2014 by segment and model] (PDF) (in German). KBA. Retrieved 2015-01-27. A total of 1,871 units were registered in Germany in 2014.
- Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (KBA) (January 2016). "Neuzulassungen von Personenkraftwagen nach Segmenten und Modellreihen im Dezember 2015" [New registrations of passenger cars by segments and models in December 2015] (PDF) (in German). KBA. Retrieved 2016-01-17. A total of 2,271 i3s were registered in Germany in 2015.
- Ståle Frydenlund (2014-01-02). "7.882 nye elbiler registrert i 2013" [7882 new electric cars registered in 2013] (in Norwegian). Norsk Elbilforening (Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association). Retrieved 2014-01-02.
- Norwegian Road Federation (OFV) (January 2015). "CO2-utslippet i desember 2014" [CO2 emissions in December 2014] (in Norwegian). OFV. Retrieved 2015-02-14. See graph: Gjennomsnittlig CO2-utslipp for registrerte ney personbiler per modell 2014, til og med desember. A total of 2,040 BMW i3s were registered in Norway in 2014.
- Norwegian Road Federation (OFV) (January 2016). "Bilsalget i desember" [Car sales in December] (in Norwegian). OFV. Retrieved 2016-01-17. A total of 2,403 new i3s, including the REx variant, were registered in Norway in 2015.
- RAC Foundation (2015-09-18). "Ultra-green cars – latest on-the-road figures". RAC Foundation. Retrieved 2015-10-04. A total of 1,534 BMW i3 were registered in the UK since 2013 through December 2014.
- Staff (2016-01-15). "Record-breaking year for plug-in cars". Fleet News. Retrieved 2016-01-17. A total of 1,393 BMW i3s were registered in the UK in 2014, and 2,213 in 2015.
- Luca Ciferri (2014-06-06). "BMW sales boss bullish on 'born electric' range". Automotive News Europe. Retrieved 2014-06-11.
- Boston, William (19 April 2016). "BMW Loses Core Development Team of Its i3 and i8 Electric Vehicle Line". The Wall Street Journal via Yahoo. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- Kane, Mark. "BMW Sold 5,128 BMW i3/i8 In The First Quarter Of 2016". InsideEVs. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- Hamprecht, Harald (26 Feb 2011). "BMW plans to sell at least 30,000 units a year of its i3". Autonews. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- Lee Ji-yoon (2014-03-20). "Korea expected to play role in BMW’s i3 strategy". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
- Eric Loveday (2014-08-27). "BMW i3 Shows Up In Singapore With On-Sale-Soon Status". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-08-29.
- Mike Stevens (2014-04-10). "BMW i3 Priced From $63,900 For Australia, Launching In November". The Motor Report. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
- "BMW Takes Aim at Chinese Consumers with High-End Electric Car". Wall Street Journal. Associated Press. 2014-09-22. Retrieved 2014-09-23.
- Si Huan (2015-03-16). "BMW leads the auto industry in new-energy vehicles". China Daily (Ecns.cn). Retrieved 2015-03-21.
- Richard Lane (2014-09-23). "BMW’s costly electric cars reach China". Ecomento.com. Retrieved 2014-09-23.
- Stephen Edelstein (2015-04-03). "Buy An Electric Car Online? In Japan, BMW i3 Is Sold On Amazon". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2015-11-16.
- Neil Winton (2013-12-19). "New i3 Electric Car Trickles To Market As BMW Worries About Quality". Forbes. Retrieved 2013-12-21.
- "Nissan LEAF is the best-selling electric car in Europe for fourth year in a row" (Press release). Rolle, Switzerland: Nissan Europe. 2015-01-19. Retrieved 2016-03-28. A total of 5,804 all-electric BMW i3s were sold in Europe in 2014. The i3 BEV ranked as the fourth top selling all-electric car in Europe in 2014.
- Gibbs, Nick (2016-03-15). "Hybrid sales expected to triple in Europe as tougher CO2 rules loom". Automotive News Europe. Retrieved 2016-03-28. Sales in Europe as reported by JATO Dynamics: A total of 3,940 BMW i3 REx variants were sold in Europe in 2014, ranking as the third best selling plug-in hybrid in the continent. During 2015 sales totaled 5,481 all-electric BMW i3s and 6,566 i3 REx models (total 12,047).
- De Danske Bilimportører (January 2016). "Statistik" [Statistics (Passenger cars by model)] (in Danish). Bilimp. Retrieved 2016-02-28. Select 2015/2014/2013 – "Hele året" for the corresponding year and click on "Pr. model" for details of sales by brand and model.
- "Four hundred BMW i3 for interconnected mobility in Copenhagen" (Press release). Copenhagen: BMW Group. 2015-08-13. Retrieved 2015-10-10.
- Michaël Torregrossa (2013-07-30). "Voiture électrique – La BMW i3 officiellement révélée" [Electric car – the BMW i3 officially revealed] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). Retrieved 2013-07-31.
- "BMW i électriques : homologuées sur les bornes de charge des réseaux Autolib' à Paris, Bluely à Lyon et Bluecub à Bordeaux" [BMW i electric: approved on the charging of Autolib networks in Paris, Bluely in Lyon and Bluecub in Bordeaux] (Press release) (in French). France: BMW Group. 2014-07-18. Retrieved 2014-08-09.
- Automobile Propre. "Chiffres de vente & immatriculations de voitures électriques en France" [Sales figures & electric car registrations in France] (in French). Automobile Propre. Retrieved 2015-02-01. See "Ventes de voitures électriques" for 2013 registrations. REx variant registrations are not included.
- AVERE-France (2015-01-05). "Le marché du véhicule électrique maintient sa progression en 2014" [The electric vehicle market continues to grow in 2014] (in French). AVERE France. Retrieved 2016-02-28. See graph with top 5 models in 2014: A total of 607 i3s were registered in France during 2014 including REx models.
- Schwoerer, Philippe (2016-01-07). "Immatriculations des voitures électriques : + 62,1% en 2015" [Registrations of electric cars: + 62.1% in 2015] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). Retrieved 2016-02-28. A total of 822 i3s were registered in France in 2015 including REx models.
- Mark Kane (2014-04-10). "EV Sales In Germany – BMW i3 Leads The Way in Q1 Of 2014". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-05-10. A total of 1,845 electric vehicles were registered in Germany during 1Q 2014, led by the BMW i3 with 638 units.
- Mark Kane (2015-01-26). "Electric Car Sales In Germany Hit New High In December 2014". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2015-01-31.
- Automotive Industry Data (AID) (2014-07-31). "Germany/Electric – Range anxiety still rules". AID Newsletter. Retrieved 2014-08-01.
- Luca Moroni (2014-01-03). "I dati di vendita di auto elettriche e ibride a dicembre 2013 in Italia" [Sales figures of electric and hybrid cars in Italy through December 2013] (in Italian). Green Start. Retrieved 2013-01-03.
- Luca Moroni (2014-08-07). "I dati di vendita di auto elettriche e ibride a luglio 2014 in Italia" [Sales figures of electric and hybrid cars in Italy through July 2014] (in Italian). Green Start. Retrieved 2013-08-19.
- Eric Loveday (2013-07-22). "Official: BMW i3 Range Extender Option Adds 4,490 Euros ($5,919 US) to Price Tag in Netherlands". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
- RAI (2014-01-24). "Verkoopstatistieken – Meer marktinformatie" [Sales Statistics – More Market Information] (in Dutch). RAI Vereniging. Retrieved 2014-06-08. Download pdf file for detailed sales in 2013 ("Download nieuwverkoop personenautos 201312").
- RAI (2015-01-27). "Verkoopstatistieken" [Sales Statistics] (in Dutch). RAI Vereniging. Retrieved 2015-01-31. Download the pdf file for detailed sales by model during 2014: "nieuwverkoop personenautos 201412".
- RAI (January 2016). "Nieuwverkoop Personenautos Per Merk/Model" [New passenger cars sales by brand/model 2015/12 2015 toal] (in Dutch). RAI Vereniging. Retrieved 2016-02-28. A total of 574 i3s were sold in the Netherlands in 2015".
- Petter Haugneland (2013-07-30). "Elbilen BMW i3 blir enda billigere" [BMW i3 electric car gets even cheaper] (in Norwegian). Norsk Elbilforening (Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association). Retrieved 2013-08-03.
- Knut Mange Arne Markussen (2013-12-03). "Luksusproblem for BMW" [Luxury problem for BMW] (in Norwegian). Din Side. Retrieved 2012-12-22.
- Norwegian Road Federation (OFV) (January 2015). "Bilsalget i 2014" [Car sales in 2014] (in Norwegian). OFV. Retrieved 2015-01-14. Click on "Modellfordelt" to display the top 20 selling new cars in Norway, and change the menu "Tall per" to see the BMW i3 rank for each month.
- Asociación Nacional de Importadores de Automóviles, Camiones, Autobuses y Motocicletas (ANIACAM) (2014-01-03). "Datos de Mercado: Diciembre 2013 – Matriculaciones de automóviles" [Market data: December 2013 – Automobiles registrations] (in Spanish). ANIACAM. Retrieved 2014-01-03.Download the file DossierAutomóviles_diciembre13.xls (929KB)* with current month and cumulative sales for 2013.
- Asociación Nacional de Importadores de Automóviles, Camiones, Autobuses y Motocicletas (ANIACAM) (January 2015). "Datos de Mercado: Diciembre 2014 – Matriculaciones" [Market data: December 2014 – Registrations] (in Spanish). ANIACAM. Retrieved 2015-01-04. Download the file "DossierAutomóviles_diciembre14.xls (929KB)*" with current month and cumulative sales for full year 2014.
- Bil Sweden (2014-01-02). "Nyregistreringar december 2013 prel" [New registrations in December 2013 prel] (in Swedish). Bil Sweden. Retrieved 2014-01-03. Download file "Nyregistreringar december 2013 prel.pdf" see table "NYREGISTRERADE SUPERMILJÖBILAR DECEMBER 2013" with summary of PEV sales by model for 2013 and 2012.
- Bil Sweden (2015-01-02). "Nyregistreringar december 2014 (prel)" [New registrations in December 2014 (preliminar)] (in Swedish). Bil Sweden. Retrieved 2015-01-04. Download file "Nyregistreringar december 2014 (prel)" see tables: "Nyregistrerade supermiljöbilar december 2014" with summary of plug-in passenger car registrations by model for 2013 (revised) and 2014.
- Vereinigung Schweizer Automobil-Importeure. "Autoverkäufe nach Modellen – Modellstatistik" [Passenger cars by model – Statistics by model] (in German). Auto Schweiz Suisse. Retrieved 2016-01-23. Under "Modellstatistiken 2010–2015" click "2015 Statistik" to download the file "ModellePW2015" with sales by model for 2015; "2014 Statistik" to download the file "ModellePW2014" with sales by model for 2014; and "2013 Statistik" to download the file "ModellePW2013" with sales by model for 2013.
- Jose Pontes (2014-07-15). "Switzerland June 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 2014-07-27.
- staff. "Statistik Alternativantriebe" [Statistics Alternative Drive] (PDF) (in German). Alpiq. Retrieved 2016-06-22.
- Vereinigung Schweizer Automobil-Importeure. "Autoverkäufe nach Modellen – Modellstatistik" [Passenger cars by model – Statistics by model] (in German). Auto Schweiz Suisse. Retrieved 2016-06-22. Under "Modellstatistik Januar – Mai 2016" download the xls file "ModellePW2016.xlsx A total of 115 BMW i3s were registered between January and May 2016.
- Leo Wilkinson (2013-07-29). "BMW i3 revealed". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
- Ben Lane (2015-02-10). "Nissan LEAF most popular EV in UK". UK: Next Green Car. Retrieved 2015-02-11.
- RAC Foundation (June 2016). "Plug-in grant eligible vehicles licensed (at the end of Q1 2016)". UK: RAC Foundation. Retrieved 2016-06-18. A total of 4,065 BMW i3s were registered in the UK at the end of March 2016, of which 2,855 were range extended versions.
- Graeme Fletcher (2013-08-09). "BMW's i-Series have answer to 'range anxiety'". The Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 2013-08-13.
- Glen Woodcock (2013-07-23). "BMW Reveals i3 Canadian Pricing". Autonet. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
- Stevens, Matthew (2016-02-09). "Electric Vehicle Sales in Canada: 2015 Final Numbers". Fleetcarma.com. Retrieved 2016-02-28. See table "Total Canadian EV fleet" and graph "EVs in Canada by Model"
- Tom Moloughney (2014-02-10). "US BMW i3 Orders Limited to Special "Launch Edition" Package For First Three Months". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- "As BMW i3, i8 electric cars charge to market, more tech details emerge". Consumer Reports. 2011-10-05. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- Robert Grattan (2013-08-09). "BMW of Austin to open downtown showroom, launch electric car". Austin Business Journal. Retrieved 2013-08-13.
- Bengt Halvorson (2014-08-20). "Federal Tax Credits For Plug-In Hybrids, Electric Cars: What You Need To Know". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-08-20.
- "CVRP Eligible Vehicles". Center for Sustainable Energy California. Retrieved 2014-08-20.
- Mark Kane (2014-10-09). "Almost 6% Of BMW Car Sales In U.S. Are i3, i8". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-10-10.
- Nikki Gordon-Bloomfield (2015-03-24). "BMW: Incentives Key to Helping BMW i3, Other EV Sales Soar". Transport Evolved. Retrieved 2015-03-28.
- Diana T. Kurylko (2015-04-15). "BMW's i3 EV becomes a big hit out of town". Automotive News. Retrieved 2015-06-28.
- George Betak (2014-07-08). "BMW i3 BEV/REx Production Breakdown For US – BMW i8 Too". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-07-27.
- Cobb, Jeff (2016-04-04). "March 2016 Dashboard". HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates. Retrieved 2016-04-07. BMW i3 sales totaled 762 units during the first quarter of 2016.
- "BMW Group México entrega el primer BMW i3 en el país" [BMW Group Mexico delivers the first BMW i3 in the country] (Press release) (in Spanish). Mexico D.F.: BMW Group. 2014-09-29. Retrieved 2014-10-18.
- "Propietario recibe el primer BMW i3 2015 en México" [Owner receives the first 2015 BMW i3 in Mexico]. Auto Cosmos (in Spanish). 2014-10-03. Retrieved 2014-10-18.
- Luciana de Oliveira (2014-09-10). "BMW lança seu 1º carro elétrico no Brasil a partir de R$ 225,9 mil" [BMW launches its first electric car in Brazil starting at R$225.9 thounsand]. Auto Esporte (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2014-09-20.
- Leonardo Felix (2014-09-10). "Elétrico, BMW i3 chega com preço de 9 populares e isenção do rodízio em SP" [BMW i3 electric arrives with price of nine popular cars and exempted from São Paulo's driving restriction]. Universo Online (UOL) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2014-09-20.
- Staff (2014-08-19). "BMW inicia pré-venda do elétrico i3 no Brasil" [BMW begins pre-sales of electric i3 in Brazil]. Carplace Virgula UOL (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2014-09-04.
- Graeme Roberts (2014-10-01). "A BMW i3 will cost you $100,000 in Brazil". Just-Auto (AutoblogGreen). Retrieved 2014-10-01.
- "Importador local de BMW inició la preventa de su primer vehículo eléctrico" [BMW local importer started presales of their first electric vehicle.] (Press release) (in Spanish). Bogotá D.C.: Diario La República. 2014-10-23. Retrieved 2014-10-23.
- Daniel Otero Bravo (2015-06-19). "Carros Eléctricos en Colombia: En Carga Lenta" [Electric Cars in Colombia: in Slow Charging]. El Tiempo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2015-12-02.
- Claudio Pereda Madrid (2014-07-06). "El impacto de la línea eléctrica de BMW llega a América Latina" [The impact of BMW electric line up arrives to Latin America]. América Economía (in Spanish). Retrieved 2014-08-03.
- Jose Pontes (2014-01-18). "Belgium December 2013". EV Sales. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- Pontes, Jose (2015-01-24). "Belgium December 2014". EV Sales. Retrieved 2015-02-01.
- Pontes, Jose (2016-01-26). "Belgium December 2015". EV Sales. Retrieved 2016-02-28.
- Bil Sweden (2016-01-04). "Nyregistreringar december 2015 def" [New Registrations December 2015 (final)] (in Swedish). Bil Sweden. Retrieved 2016-02-29. Download the pdf file "Nyregistreringar december 2015 def" See table: Nyregistrerade miljöpersonbilar december 2015
- Klippenstein, Matthew (February 2016). "Canadian Plug-in Electric Vehicle Sales". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2016-02-28.
- "Bundesländer-Statistik – Dezember 2015" [Federal Statistics – December 2015] (in German). Myampera.wordpress.com. January 2016. Retrieved 2016-02-29. Click on the tables by model by year.
- Pontes, Jose (2015-01-12). "Italy December 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 2015-02-01.
- Luca Moroni (2016-01-06). "Dicembre 2015, i dati di vendita di auto elettriche e ibride in Italia" [December 2015, sales figures of electric and hybrid cars in Italy] (in Italian). Green Start. Retrieved 2016-02-29.
- Asociación Nacional de Importadores de Automóviles, Camiones, Autobuses y Motocicletas (ANIACAM) (January 2016). "Datos de Mercado: Diciembre 2015 – Matriculaciones" [Market data: December 2015 – Registrations] (in Spanish). ANIACAM. Retrieved 2016-02-29. Download the file "DossierAutomóviles_diciembre15.xls (929KB)*" with current month and cumulative sales for year 2015.
- Hiromi Sato (2014-09-16). "Big Subsidies for Foreign Electric Cars in Japan". Nikkei Business. Retrieved 2014-10-28.
- Danny King (2012-01-13). "Tesla Model S, BMW i3 among 2012 Green Car Vision finalists". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2012-01-13.
- Sebastian Blkanco (2012-01-26). "Ford C-Max Energi wins 2012 Green Car Vision Award". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
- John Upton (31 July 2013). "BMW’s i3 electric car earns gushing praise". Grist.org. Grist Magazine, Inc. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- Car Design News (2014-03-10). "Nissan IDX and BMW i3 Win Annual Design Awards, Marcello Gandini Honoured for Lifetime Achievement". Newspress. Retrieved 2014-03-12.
- Electric Cars TV (2014-03-15). "Video: BMW i3 Wins Gold iF Award For Design". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- Philippe Crowe (2014-02-12). "2014 World Green Car Finalists Revealed". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
- Eric Loveday (2014-03-05). "BMW i3 and Volkswagen XL1 Get Shortlisted For 2014 World Green Car Award". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-03-06.
- Jim Henry (2014-04-17). "New York Auto Show: BMWi3 Is The 2014 World Green Car Of The Year". Forbes. Retrieved 2014-04-17.
- Paul Lucas (2014-02-28). "BMW i3 electric car named UK Car of the Year". The Green Car Website (UK). Retrieved 2014-03-06.
- Eric Loveday (2014-03-03). "Peugeot 308 Beats BMW i3 and Tesla Model S For European Car of the Year Award". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-03-06.
- Eric Loveday (2014-04-21). "BMW i3 Named Kelley Blue Book’s Best Green Car Of 2014". InsideEvs.com. Retrieved 2014-04-21.
- Alisa Priddle (2014-11-20). "BMW i3 named 2015 Green Car of the Year". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 2014-11-21.
- "BMW i3 – Wheels Car of the Year 2014". Retrieved 2015-06-15.
- "Electric car wins Wheels award". www.skynews.com.au. Retrieved 2015-06-15.
- "BMW Australia". www.bmw.com.au. Retrieved 2015-06-15.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to BMW i3.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to BMW i3 Concept.|
- BMW i3 official website
- BMW i3 UK website
- BMW i3 road test
- BMW i3 (Mega City)- first spy shots
- BMW i3 REx vs. Chevrolet Volt: two different approaches to plug-in hybrids, Torque News, June 2014
|« previous — BMW road car timeline, 1980s–present|
|Compact||1 Series||E82 / E88|
|E81 / E87||F20 / F21|
|2 Series||F22 / F23|
|3 Series Compact||E36/5||E46/5|
|Compact executive||3 Series||E21||E30||E36||E46||E90 / E91 / E92 / E93||F30 / F31 / F35|
|4 Series||F32 / F33|
|Executive||5 Series||E12||E28||E34||E39||E60 / E61||F10 / F11|
|Luxury||6 Series||E24||E63 / E64||F12 / F13|
|7 Series||E23||E32||E38||E65 / E66 / E67 / E68||F01 / F02 / F03 / F04||G11 / G12|
|Roadster||Z Series||E30 (Z1)||E36/7 & E36/8 (Z3)||E85 / E86 (Z4)||E89 (Z4)|
|M||1 Series M||E82 M|
|M3||E30 M3||E36 M3||E46 M3||E90/92/93 M3||F80|
|M4||F82 / F83|
|M5||E28 M5||E34 M5||E39 M5||E60/61 M5||F10 M5|
|M6||E24 M635CSi/M6||E63/64 M6||F06/12/13 M6|
|M Roadster||E36/7 (Z3) M||E85 (Z4) M|
|M Coupé||E36/8 M Coupé||E86 M Coupé|
|Sports car||E26 (M1)||E52 (Z8)|
|X6||E71 / E72||F16|