Jain obtained a Ph.D. from the University of Rajasthan. He had been a Professor and Senior UGC Research Scientist in Political Science at South Asia Studies Center, University of Rajasthan in India, and was also Visiting Professor, Department of Political Science at Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio in 2013; Visiting Professor in Asian and Asian American Studies at State University of New York, Binghamton, New York, for the academic year 2006-2007, and Visiting Professor (The UNESCO Chair of Philosophy for Peace) at Jaume I University at Castellón de la Plana, Spain, in spring 2008. He is also an Honourable Academician and Research Professor at the International Noble Academy, Toronto, Canada. He is a member of the International Advisory Council, The Toda Institute for Global Peace and Policy Research, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, and is featured in Marquis Who’s Who in the World (New Providence, New Jersey, U.S., 16th edition 1999 and 18th edition 2001). He has conducted nearly a dozen projects at national and international levels, including Globalization, Regionalization and Democratization project (GRAD project) sponsored by the Toda Institute for Global Peace and Policy Research, Honolulu, Hawaii (2002–2004), involving 70 scholars from seven civilizations. He was rapporteur of his research group, and his paper has been published in Solomon, ed., Challenges to Global Security, IB Tauris, London, 2008, pp. 90–111.
Jain has published more than six dozen research papers/book chapters in refereed and peer reviewed journals, and books in India and abroad, including in: Pacific Affairs (University of British Columbia), The Round Table (University of London), Perspectives on Global Development and Technology Journal (New York:Brill), Journal of Asian Studies (University of the Philippines), Journal of Diplomacy and Foreign Policy (Kuala Lumpur), Asian Profile (Canada/Hong Kong), Entlungspolitik (Frankfurt) and over one dozen articles in the Encyclopedia of Modern Asia (New York: Scribners, 2002); Encyclopedia of Developing World, New York: Routledge, 2006; Air Power: An International Encyclopedia (Vol.1, Denver: ABC-CLIO; Cambridge, England 2002, and five entries in Historical Encyclopedia of Sino-US Relations (Jefferson, North Carolina :McFarland, 2006). Reviews of his books have appeared in periodicals that include: Journal of International Affairs (London), Orbis (Philadelphia), Journal of Asian Affairs (Ann Arbor, Michigan), and the Journal of Third World Studies (Americus, Georgia, U.S.A.). He has presented more than three dozen papers at international conferences abroad. He has delivered the invited lectures in many universities in Europe, North America and Asia that include University of North Carolina, University of South Carolina, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Pittsburg State University (Kansas) and Pace University (New York) in America; McGill University at Montreal in Canada, and Humboldt University, University of Heidelberg, University of Bonn, University of Kiel, University of Hamburg, University of Konstanz, University of Dresden, University of Leipzig, University of Kassel, Goethe University Frankfurt and University of Bremen in Germany, and University of Tokyo, University of Hong Kong and University of Seoul in Asian universities. He is Editor-in-Chief of the Indian Journal of Asian Affairs and sits on the Editorial Board of Inter-Cultural Studies (University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia).
Jain has been Visiting Fellow/Scholar in universities/research centres in: London, Philadelphia, Hong Kong, Michigan, Washington, D.C., and Seoul. He was Convener of a research panel at: 22nd International Peace Research Association's World Congress, Leuven, Belgium, July 2008; International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA) Conference at Taipei, December 2005; and the 28th World Congress of Psychology, Beijing, China, August 2004. Also, Jain has been a manuscript reviewer for research journals such as Pacific Affairs (University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada), Contemporary South Asia (University of Bradford, Bradford, U.K.) and South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies (Monash University at Melbourne, Australia). His research works have been cited in works by authors such as Ashley J. Tellis (India’s Emerging Nuclear Posture, Rand Corporation, 2001, p. 12); Harold A. Gould and Sumit Ganguly, eds. (The Hope and Reality: U.S. –India Relations from Roosevelt to Reagan, Westview Press, 1993, Introduction and in chapters 2-4); Song De (“On the Nehru Government’s Peaceful Nuclear Policy”, Journal of Historical Science, No.5, 2002, pp. 77–85); Richard Edmund Ward (India's Pro-Arab Policy: A Study in Continuity, Praeger Publishers, 1992); Tony Hindmarsh, Australian Defence College (“The personnel dimension of ADF capability: Future vulnerability or strength?”, Monograph Series, No.8. chapter 3, page 32 and 39); and Ming Hwa Ting, ("Singapore-India Relations: A Return to History", Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2009, 122-144).
Jain has been a member of International Political Science Association (IPSA), Association of Third World Studies, International Peace Research Association, International Congress of Psychology, International Association of Historians in Asia, and Indian Congress of Defence Studies.
- India in the New South Asia, IB Tauris, London (2010)
- Global Power: India’s Foreign Policy, 1947–2006, Lexington Books: A Division of Rowman and Littlefield, Lanham, MD (2008)
- Conflict and Peace in South Asia, edited by Manas Chatterji and B.M. Jain, London: Emerald Publishing Group (2008)
- International Politics: Contexts, Issues and Perspectives, ed., Jaipur: RBSA (2002)
- Nuclear Politics in South Asia: In Search of an Alternative Paradigm, New Delhi and Jaipur: Rawat Publications (1994)
- . 76: 375–397. JSTOR 40023819. Missing or empty