|Aktau nuclear power plant|
BN350 desalination unit. View of the only land-based nuclear-heated desalination unit in the world.
Location of Aktau nuclear power plant in Kazakhstan
|Nuclear power station|
|Reactor type||sodium-cooled fast reactor (BN350)|
|Make and model||Kharkov Turbine Plant|
|Units decommissioned||1 × 135 MW|
The BN-350 was a sodium-cooled fast reactor located at Aktau Nuclear Power Plant. The power plant was located in Aktau (formerly known as Shevchenko in 1964–1992), Kazakhstan, on the shore of the Caspian Sea. Construction of the BN-350 fast breeder reactor began in 1964, and the plant first produced electricity in 1973. In addition to providing power for the city (150 MWe), BN-350 was also used for producing plutonium and for desalination to supply fresh water (120,000 m³ fresh water/day) to the city.
The project lifetime of the reactor officially finished in 1993, and in June 1994, the reactor was forced to shut down because of a lack of funds to buy fuel. By 1995, the plant's operating license had expired. The facility continued to operate far below capacity until reactor operations ceased in 1999, when plutonium-bearing spent fuel stopped being produced.
- Criticality Safety Issues in the Disposition of BN-350 Spent Fuel presented on June 4–8, 2000