BOV (APC)

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BOV-VP
BOV BSD (2).jpg
A BOV-VP
Type Armoured Personnel Carrier
Place of origin Yugoslavia
Service history
Used by See Operators
Production history
Designer VTI
Manufacturer TAM
Specifications
Weight 9.1 tonnes (20,062 lbs)
Length 5.7 m (18 ft 8 in)
Width 2.53 m (8 ft 4 in)
Height 2.33 m (7 ft 8 in)
Crew 2+8[1]

Armor 10-15mm of steel
Main
armament
7.62 mm or 12.7 mm
Engine Deutz F6L413 diesel engine[1]
150 hp (110 kW) at 2650 rpm[1]
Power/weight 25 hp/t
Suspension 4×4 wheeled
Operational
range
500 km (300 mi)
Speed 95 km/h (59 mph)

The BOV (Borbeno Oklopno Vozilo), literally "Combat Armored Vehicle", is an all-wheel drive armoured vehicle manufactured in the former Yugoslavia.[2]

Description[edit]

The BOV has a capacity of 10, including a driver, gunner and eight infantrymen.[1] The vehicle has a four-wheel drive and is powered by the Deutz type F 6L 413 F six-cylinder diesel engine developing 150 hp (110 kW) at 2650 rpm.[1]

Service history[edit]

The BOV was used for internal security and military duties. It was most commonly used by territorial defence units, in several variants equipped with machine guns, water cannons, smoke and tear gas dispensers for crowd control and riots.

BOV has a long combat use of the territory of the former Yugoslavia. At the beginning of the first riots in Slovenia and Croatia military police unit JNA are often used BOV. BOV is mainly used to protect convoys and on withdrawal of the JNA. Also many airplanes were shot down over Croatiaby self-propelled guns PSC BOV -3. In Bosnia various modifications such as setting NRZ launchers and machine guns to mount stronger dome. Many BOV armored vehicles were lost mainly due to the armor was too weak to protect them. BOV is massively used during the Kosovo conflict by the Army of Yugoslavia and the MUP of Serbia. In combination with T-55 tanks, M-80 infantry fighting vehicles and supported by infantry, armored vehicle (mainly in the PVO version BOV-3) was used to clear the villages of members of the KLA .

Today, the BOVs in the Serbian Army are used in by the Military Police (BOV M-86), in army mechanized armor battalions (BOV M-83) and in a reserve artillery rocket battalion PVO (BOV-3). BOVs are also used by special forces in by MUP Serbia, Republic of Serbian, Croatian and BiH Federation. The Slovenian and Croatian armies used the BOV during peacekeeping operations in Afghanistan.

Variants[edit]

  • BOV-1 - anti-tank vehicle armed with 6x AT-3 missiles. Also known as POLO (protivoklopno lansirno orudje) M-83.[3]
  • BOV-3 - air-defence version with triple M55A4B1 20mm cannon and 1,500 rounds.
  • BOV-30 - prototype air-defence vehicle with twin mounted 30mm guns.
  • BOV-M - armoured personnel carrier for the Milicija. This version is armed with smoke-grenade launchers and a 7.62mm or 12.7mm machine gun.
  • BOV-SN - ambulance version.
  • BOV-VP - armoured personnel carrier for the military police. Also known as M-86.

New developed[edit]

  • BOV M10 - armored vehicle for artillery systems command and control.
  • BOV M11 - armored reconnaissance vehicle.
  • HS M09 BOV-3 - hybrid air-defense system based on BOV-3 with 8 x Strela 2 SAM's mounted on turret.
  • MRČKB BOV-3 - mobile radio communication for battalion commander integrated in to BOV-3 vehicle.

Operators[edit]

Map of BOV operators in blue with former operators in red

Current operators[edit]

Former operators[edit]

  •  Yugoslavia - Passed on to successor states
  •  Croatia - 40 BOV-3, 37 BOV-1 and 54 BOV-VP(used mainly for peacekeeping) also 36 BOV-M are used by the Police. Vehicle no longer used and withdrawn from service, few sold to undisclosed customers, Armenia being mentioned.

See also[edit]

References[edit]