BRM P57

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BRM P57-V8
1962-08-05 Graham Hill, BRM - Hatzenbach (sw).jpg
Category Formula One
Constructor British Racing Motors
Designer(s) Tony Rudd
Predecessor P57-Climax
Successor P61/P261
Technical specifications
Chassis spaceframe
Suspension (front) IFS Double wishbone, outboard spring/damper.
Suspension (rear) IRS with double wishbones, coil springs over dampers, anti-roll bar
Engine BRM 56 1498cc V8 naturally aspirated Mid-engined, longitudinally mounted
Transmission Colotti, later BRM 6 speed Colotti, 5 speed BRM manual ZF differential
Tyres Dunlop
Competition history
Notable entrants Owen Racing Organization
Notable drivers United Kingdom Graham Hill
United States Richie Ginther
Debut 1962 Dutch Grand Prix
Races Wins Poles F.Laps
31 6 3 3
Constructors' Championships 1 (1962)
Drivers' Championships 1 (1962)

The BRM V8 powered P57, originally referred to as the P578, was a Formula One racing car built for the 1962 Formula One season. The P57 gave BRM its only world championship in that year, and was subsequently used for the 1963 season. The P57 was also raced by privateer teams until the end of the 1.5-litre era in 1965.

Development[edit]

The P578's design can be traced back to the Climax powered P57 (also called P48/P57) raced in 1961. The car's chassis, a tubular spaceframe, and suspension remained unchanged. The underpowered Coventry Climax engine was replaced with BRM's own V8, producing 190 horsepower. Also new for BRM was a Lucas fuel injection system. Although it produced about the same power as the Climax, BRM's unit revved up to 11,000 rpm, some 3,500 revolutions faster. Mounted to the back of the engine was Colotti's new 6 speed gearbox. However, reliability problems forced BRM to revert to their own, older specification, 5 speed unit. The original eight exhausts were mounted vertically, but they were prone to working loose and were replaced by a more conventional horizontal layout.

Racing Record[edit]

Graham Hill was retained from previous seasons, but veteran Tony Brooks retired from Formula One. His replacement was Richie Ginther, a young American coming off a promising year with Ferrari. The season began with Hill taking a well-deserved first victory at Zandvoort. The championship proved to be a season-long battle between Hill and Jim Clark, driving the revolutionary monocoque Lotus 25. Clark's Lotus was the faster, but Hill's BRM was the more reliable. Clark took 6 poles and 3 victories, but only finished in the points 4 times. Hill's BRM remarkably finished every race and won 3 of the last 4 races of the season in Germany, Italy, and South Africa on the way to his first championship. Ginther's year proved disappointing, taking just two podiums and retiring 4 times. Despite Ginther's underwhelming season, BRM outscored Lotus to take their only constructor's title.
A new model was not prepared in time for the 1963 season. To keep the P57 competitive, a 6 speed gearbox was mounted to the engine, which also featured a new injection system. The first race of 1963, the Monaco Grand Prix, looked to be a repeat of the previous year. Clark led from pole before the fragile Lotus broke, handing Hill the first of his five Monaco Grand Prix victories. However, problems with the new gearbox forced Hill to retire from the next two Grands Prix while Clark achieved 4 consecutive wins. Clark won 3 of the last 5 races and stormed to the championship. Hill took another victory in the United States, but it was little consolation. In Germany and Italy, Hill drove BRM's new monocoque P61, but its problems forced BRM to revert to the P57. Hill and Ginther scored a combined 10 podiums, and were 2nd and 3rd in the driver's championship. BRM's 29 points placed them behind only Lotus.
The P261 superseded the P57 in 1964, but privateers such as Scuderia Centro Sud ran P57s until the end of 1965.

Complete Formula One World Championship results[edit]

Year Entrant Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Points WCC
1962 Owen Racing Organisation BRM P56 2.1 V8 D NED MON BEL FRA GBR GER ITA USA RSA 42 1st
United Kingdom Graham Hill 1 6 2 9 4 1 1 2 1
United States Richie Ginther Ret 3 13 8 2 Ret 7
1963 Owen Racing Organisation BRM P56 2.1 V8 D MON BEL NED FRA GBR GER ITA USA MEX RSA 361 2nd1
United Kingdom Graham Hill 1 Ret Ret 3 Ret 1 4 3
United States Richie Ginther 2 4 5 Ret 4 3 2 2 3 Ret
Scuderia Centro Sud France Maurice Trintignant 9
Italy Lorenzo Bandini 10 5 Ret
Mexico Moisés Solana 11
1964 Maurice Trintignant BRM P56 2.1 V8 D MON NED BEL FRA GBR GER AUT ITA USA MEX 422 2nd2
France Maurice Trintignant Ret 11 DNQ 5 Ret
Scuderia Centro Sud Italy Giancarlo Baghetti 10 8 12 Ret 7 8
South Africa Tony Maggs DNS DNS Ret 6 4
1965 Scuderia Centro Sud BRM P56 2.1 V8 D RSA MON BEL FRA GBR NED GER ITA USA MEX 452 2nd2
Belgium Lucien Bianchi 12
Belgium Willy Mairesse DNS
United States Masten Gregory Ret 12 8 Ret
Italy Roberto Bussinello DNQ 13
Italy Giorgio Bassi Ret

^1 This total includes points scored by the BRM P61
^2 This total includes points scored by the BRM P261

References[edit]

  • Ménard, Pierre (2000). The Great Encycopedia of Formula One. London, England: Constable & Robinson Ltd. p. 432. ISBN 1-84119-259-7. 
  • Codling, Stuart (2010). The Art of the Formula 1 Race Car. Minneapolis, MN USA: MBI Publishing Company. p. 432. ISBN 978-0-7603-37318. 
  • Nye, Doug (2003). BRM: The Saga of British Racing Motors: Rear-Engined Cars, 1960-79. Vol 2. Motor Racing Publications. ISBN 1-899870-00-8.