BRRISON prior to launch
|Telescope style||Balloon-borne telescope|
The balloon featured an azimuth and attitude stabilized gondola carrying an 80-centimeter (31 in) telescope and two instruments on separate optical benches. The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory contributed the BRRISON Infrared Camera (BIRC) for detecting water and carbon dioxide at 2.5 to 5 μm. The Southwest Research Institute provided the Ultraviolet-Visible light camera (UVVis) with a fine steering mirror to detect hydroxyl (308 nm) and cyanogen (385 nm) emissions. To save time, both the telescope and gondola avionics were refurbished from JHU/APL's Stratospheric Terahertz Observatory mission. The BRRISON payload was intended to operate at 36,600 meters (120,000 ft) for up to 22 hours. The mission cost US$10.2 million, excluding the balloon and NASA personnel expenses, and progressed from concept to launch pad in ten months.
While Comet ISON was the primary target, this mission also planned to observe other objects, including comet 2P/Encke, Jupiter and its moons, the Mizar star system, Earth's Moon, and asteroids 10 Hygiea and 130 Elektra. Another goal was to measure Earth's atmospheric transmission and emission using BIRC and atmospheric turbulence using UVVis.
The balloon was launched from the Columbia Scientific Balloon Facility at Fort Sumner, New Mexico, on 28 September 2013 at 18:10 MDT (29 September 2013 at 00:10 UTC). However, about two and a half hours after launch, a communication interruption between hardware caused the telescope to return to its stowed position too rapidly, resulting in the stow bar being trapped. Team members worked to fix the problem, but the telescope was unable to be redeployed. The decision was made to keep the balloon afloat until it reached a safe location for mission termination, which occurred on 29 September at 06:04 MDT (12:04 UTC). The gondola and its payload was released under parachute and recovered near Spur, Texas, in "excellent condition". The hardware may be reused on future balloon missions.
- Kremic & Cheng 2014, p. 5.
- Landis 2013, p. 15.
- "BRRISON". NASA Planetary Data System Small Body Node. University of Maryland. 20 November 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- Landis 2013, p. 11.
- Pacheco, Luis Eduardo, ed. (2014). "BRRISON (Balloon Rapid Response for ISON)". StratoCat. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- "NASA's BRRISON Heads West to Prepare to Meet Comet ISON". Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. 6 September 2013. Archived from the original on 30 March 2015. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- Brown, Geoffrey (28 September 2013). "BRRISON Soars to Study Comet ISON" (Press release). Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- Cheng et al. 2013, p. 11.
- Eggers, Jeremy (29 September 2013). "BRRISON suffers science payload anomaly, unable to collect data". NASA. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- Kremic & Cheng 2014, p. 10.
- Kremic & Cheng 2014, p. 11.
- Kremic & Cheng 2014, p. 12.
- Kremic, Tibor; Cheng, Andrew (2014). Planetary Science from Stratospheric Balloons, BRRISON Mission Overview, and Potential 2014 Re-flight Options (PDF). 10th Meeting of the NASA Small Bodies Assessment Group. 8–9 January 2014. Washington, D.C. 09-1100.
- Landis, Rob (18 September 2013). "BRRISON Overview" (PDF). NASA Planetary Science Division. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015.
- Cheng, Andrew; Arnold, Steve; et al. (2013). Mission to Catch Comet ISON (PDF). Comet ISON Observer's Workshop. 1–2 August 2013. Laurel, Maryland.[permanent dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to BRRISON.|
- BRRISON at NASA Solar System Exploration
- BRRISON: First Planetary Balloon Mission in 50 Years, document at NASA Solar System Exploration
- BRRISON Mission Archive at the NASA Planetary Data System, Small Bodies Node