British Rail Class 03
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Class 03 D2069 at Doncaster Works open day on 27 July 2003
|Type and origin|
|Builder||BR Swindon & Doncaster|
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Wheel diameter||3 ft 7 in (1.092 m)|
|Minimum curve||2 chains (40.23 m)|
|Wheelbase||9 ft 0 in (2.743 m)|
|Length||26 ft 0 in (7.92 m)|
|Width||8 ft 6 in (2.591 m)|
|Height||12 ft 2 7⁄16 in (3.72 m)
11 ft 10 in (3.61 m) (cut down)
|Locomotive weight||30.2 long tons (30.7 t; 33.8 short tons)|
|Fuel capacity||510 imp gal (2,300 l; 610 US gal)|
|Prime mover||Gardner 8L3|
|Transmission||Wilson-Drewry CA5 R7, 5-speed epicyclic gearbox, RF11 spiral bevel reverse and final drive unit.|
|Maximum speed||28.5 mph (45.9 km/h)|
|Power output||Engine: 204 hp (152 kW)
At rail: 152 hp (113 kW)
|Tractive effort||Max: 15,650 lbf (69.6 kN)|
|13 long tons-force (130 kN)|
|Train brakes||Vacuum (some Dual Air & Vacuum)|
|Number(s)||11187–11209, 91, 92;
later D2000–D2199, D2370–D2399;
later 03004–03199, 03370–03399
|Axle load class||RA 1|
|Retired||from April 1968|
|Disposition||03179 withdrawn 2008 due to being towed too fast, 55 preserved, remainder scrapped|
The British Rail Class 03 locomotive is, together with Class 04, one of British Rails' most successful smaller 0-6-0 diesel-mechanical shunters. The class, numbering 230 examples, was built by British Railways' Swindon and Doncaster works in 1957-1962 and numbered D2000-D2199 and D2370-D2399 (later 03004 to 03399). D2370 and D2371 were used as departmental locomotives and originally numbered 91 and 92 respectively.
Like other shunters of this size, the Class 03 was built for light duties where a larger locomotive was not needed, especially for shunting at locomotive and carriage depots and as station pilots. The reduction over time in the demand for shunting locomotives meant that they were progressively withdrawn from 1968 onwards, many being sold to private industry. However, some remained in service much longer, with two examples on the Isle of Wight lasting until 1993 (mainland examples had gone by 1987). In 1998, one of the Isle of Wight locos, no. 03 179, was re-instated into service by the West Anglia Great Northern Railway Company (WAGN) for service at their Hornsey depot. This remains the last operational Class 03 locomotive on the network. It is named Clive after a depot employee. It is now owned by First Capital Connect, and was recently painted into a variant of FCC's urban lines colours.
The engine is a Gardner 8-cylinder, 4-stroke 8L3 of 204 hp (152 kW) connected to a Wilson-Drewry CA5 R7, 5-speed epicyclic gearbox with RF11 spiral bevel reverse and final-drive unit. Drive is through a jackshaft mounted beneath the cab, driving the wheels through coupling rods.
During their later life, some locomotives were fitted with Dual (Air and Vacuum) Brakes. These were 03059, 03063, 03073, 03078, 03084, 03086, 03089, 03094, 03112, 03152, 03158, 03162, 03179, 03180, 03371, 03397 and 03399.
Originally the Class 03s were often deployed where their attributes of short wheelbase and light weight enabled them to operate where other shunters could not. On lines such as that to Ipswich docks, bridge weight restrictions prevented the ubiquitous Class 08s from operating. Another common use was as Station Pilot, usually coupled to a shunters' truck to ensure operation of track circuits which did not always register the passage of the short Class 03.
By 1979, Class 03s' operations included:
- Depot Pilot duties at Hull Botanic Gardens DMU depot and Bradford Hammerton Street DMU depot
- Docks at Ipswich, Kings Lynn and Poplar (London)
- Freight trips along the Team Valley branch (Gateshead) and the Gwendraeth Valley line
- Shunting duties at Boston Yard, Ipswich Upper and Lower yards, Lincoln engineers yard and Tweedmouth yard near Berwick-upon-Tweed
- Spare loco on standby at Boston and Kings Lynn.
- Motive power on the Kirkley goods branch line in Lowestoft
- Station Pilot duties at Bradford Exchange, Hull Paragon, Ipswich, Newcastle Central, Norwich Thorpe, and Sunderland
Despite the limited scope for the use of such a small locomotive on main line passenger duties, there were a number of duties rostered to the class. During the early 1970s Southern Region Class 03s worked Channel Island boat trains through the streets to the harbour along the Weymouth Quay tramway. In 1980 a Class 03 at Ipswich was booked to shunt the 23:20 Peterborough - Liverpool Street onto the rear of the 23:45 Norwich - Liverpool Street. Also, according to Mangapps Railway Museum, 03 089 once hauled a Liverpool to Scarborough Express along the York to Scarborough Line from Malton to Scarborough.
Burry Port & Gwendraeth Valley Line
Several examples were rebuilt with cut-down cabs for working on the Burry Port & Gwendraeth Valley Line in Wales, as there were several low bridges on the line that normal height locomotives would not be able to clear without incident.
The modified examples were nos. 03119, 03120, 03141, 03142, 03144, 03145, 03151, 03152 and late addition (ex-Bristol) 03382. Their duties included shunting (for example at Burry Port) but also hauling full coal trains down from the valley's pits. For this latter duty they sometimes worked triple-headed.
They were replaced by Class 08/9 locomotives, which were also rebuilt to a reduced height. Several cut-down locomotives have been preserved.
The Isle of Wight shunters, nos. 03079 and 03179, were also rebuilt with cut-down cabs, to enable them to pass through a low tunnel in Ryde.
The only 03 left in service is 03179. Owned by Govia Thameslink Railway and is painted in FCC livery, 03179 is based at Hornsey depot on the ECML and is used to shunt EMUs around the depot.
A fairly large number (55, confirmed so far) of the class survive into preservation, along with a 56th example 03179 in active service until 2008.
|D Number||Image||Preserved location||Industrial use||Notes|
|03018||D2018||Mangapps Railway Museum||-|||
|03022||D2022||Swindon and Cricklade Railway||-|||
|-||D2023||Kent & East Sussex Railway||Tees & Hartlepool Dock Authority (1972-1980)|||
|-||D2024||Kent & East Sussex Railway||Tees & Hartlepool Dock Authority (1972-1980)|||
|-||D2041||Colne Valley Railway||Richborough Power Station (1970)
Rye House Power Station (1971)
Barking Power Station (1971)
Rye House Power Station (1974-1981)
|-||D2051||North Norfolk Railway||Ford, Dagenham (06/1973-04/1997)|||
|03059||D2059||Isle of Wight Steam Railway||-|||
|03062||D2062||East Lancashire Railway||-|||
|03063||D2063||North Norfolk Railway||-|||
|03066||D2066||Barrow Hill Engine Shed||-|||
|03069||D2069||Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway||Vic Berry, Leicester|||
|03072||D2072||Lakeside & Haverthwaite Railway||-|||
|03073||D2073||Crewe Heritage Centre||Used for occasional loco shunting and brakevan rides to visitors to the heritage centre|||
|03078||D2078||North Tyneside Steam Railway||Newcastle Central Station, used as a station pilot.
|03079||D2079||Derwent Valley Light Railway||TBA|||
|03081||D2081||Mangapps Railway Museum|
|03084||D2084||Lincolnshire Wolds Railway|||
|03089||D2089||Mangapps Railway Museum|
|03090||D2090||Locomotion||Part of the National Collection|||
|03099||D2099||Heritage Shunters Trust||-|||
|03112||D2112||Rother Valley Railway||-|
|03113||D2113||Heritage Shunters Trust||-|||
|03119||D2119||Epping Ongar Railway|||
|03128||D2128||Appleby-Frodingham RPS, Scunthorpe||Sold for scrap to Birds, Long Marston, where engine and coupling removed and then exported to Belgium where fitted with Deutz V12 air-cooled engine, VM hydraulic pump and motor into original change speed box. Reimported and operated at Peak Rail, eventually to Dean Forest where stored incomplete. Moved to Scunthorpe 2009, where repowered with Cummins 14 litre engine, hydraulic transmission and renumbered 03 901 to reflect this|||
|03170||D2170||Epping Ongar Railway||-|||
|-||D2118||Great Central Railway Nottingham||Worked at Anglian Building Products, Lenwade, Norfolk from August 1973,
then at Dow-Mac near Stamford from December 1993.
|-||D2139||Heritage Shunters Trust||-|||
|-||D2199||Heritage Shunters Trust||Sold to NCB in 1974 after being overhauled and fitted with air brakes at Doncaster Works. Worked at Rockingham, North Gawber and Royston until being placed into store at Monkton in 1984. Was on loan to Hanson Aggregates, Machen Quarry near Newport 2003 (?)-2006|||
|-||D2084||Lincolnshire Wolds Railway||TBA|||
|-||D2094||Royal Deeside Railway||TBA|||
|-||D2117||Lakeside & Haverthwaite Railway|||
|-||D2120||Fawley Hill Railway, Buckingamshire|||
|-||D2133||West Somerset Railway||Worked at Cellophane's Bridgwater factory in the 1970s, prior to preservation at the time.|||
|-||D2134||Royal Deeside Railway||Was based in Belgium between 1976 and 1993, has since been repatriated back to the UK.|||
|-||D2138||Midland Heritage Railway||Used at Pye Hill Colliery between 1969-1984, prior to preservation.|||
|-||D2141||Pontypool and Blaenavon Railway|||
|-||D2145||D2578 Locomotive Group, Moreton Business Park|||
|-||D2148||Ribble Steam Railway|||
|-||D2152||Swindon & Cricklade Railway|||
|03158||D2158||Great Central Railway|||
|-||D2170||Battlefield Line||Was owned by Otis Euro Transrail between 1989-1999|||
|03179||D2179||Govia Thameslink Railway Hornsey|
|-||D2182||Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway|||
|-||D2184||Colne Valley Railway|||
|-||D2189||Ribble Steam Railway|||
|03192||D2192||Dartmouth Steam Railway|||
|03196||D2196||West Coast Railway Company Carnforth|||
|-||D2371||Dartmouth Steam Railway|||
|-||D2381||West Coast Railway Company, Carnforth|||
|03399||D2399||Mangapps Railway Museum|||
Mainline used to offer an OO gauge example of this little shunter before the original 'split-chassis' tooling passed on to Bachmann. When the company later took the decision to produce the Class 04 in its place these toolings were altered, retaining the split chassis power arrangement. However, Bachmann later announced that they would be re-introducing several new variations of the 03 in OO gauge, including special edition examples of the Isle of Wight prototypes.
The new Bachmann-produced version of the model is now on sale and is available in several liveries with appropriate detail differences. Most importantly it now features an all new 'pick-up'-type chassis which is fitted with a 6-pin socket to simply accept a 'plug-in' 6-pin DCC decoder. (However the promised Isle of Wight variants with cut-down cab does not yet seem to have been produced).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to
British Rail Class 03.
- Woodley, Geoff; Wood, Ron (1979). Shunter Duties. Inter City Railway Society.
- Roger Goodrum. "Photo: An unidentified Class 03 Drewy Shunter hauls a boat train to Weymouth quay through the streets a daily working in the 1970s.". Railway Herald. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
- Lund, E (1980). To the last drop. Chesterfield: Longden technical Publications. ISBN 0-9507063-0-2.
- Mangapps Railway Museum (see Stock List page) - Accessed 7 June 2008
- Williams, Alan; Percival, David (May 1977). British Railways Locomotives and Multiple Units including Preserved Locomotives 1977 Combined Volume. Shepperton: Ian Allan Ltd. ISBN 0-7110-0751-9. CXX/0577.