BR Standard Class 4 2-6-0

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BR Standard Class 4 2-6-0
76040, Water Orton, 1965.jpg
76040 at Water Orton in 1965
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer R. A. Riddles
Builder BR Horwich (45)
Doncaster (25)
Derby Works (45)
Build date December 1952 – November 1957
Total produced 115
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte 2-6-0
 • UIC 1′C h2
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Leading dia. 3 ft 0 in (0.914 m)
Driver dia. 5 ft 3 in (1.600 m)
Length 60 ft 0 in (18.29 m)
Width 8 ft 9 12 in (2.68 m)
Height 13 ft 0 in (3.96 m)
Axle load Loco:
16.95 long tons (17.22 t; 18.98 short tons)
BR1B tender:
17.10 long tons (17.37 t; 19.15 short tons)
Adhesive weight 50.45 long tons (51.26 t; 56.50 short tons)
Loco weight 59.75 long tons (60.71 t; 66.92 short tons)
Tender weight BR1B: 49.15 long tons (49.94 t; 55.05 short tons)
BR2/BR2A:
42.15 long tons (42.83 t; 47.21 short tons)
Tender type BR1B (17), BR2 (45), BR2A (53)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity BR1B: 7.00 long tons (7.11 t; 7.84 short tons)
BR2/BR2A: 6.00 long tons (6.10 t; 6.72 short tons)
Water cap BR1B: 4,250 imp gal (19,300 l; 5,100 US gal)
BR2/BR2A: 3,500 imp gal (16,000 l; 4,200 US gal)
Firebox:
 • Firegrate area
23 sq ft (2.1 m2)
Boiler BR7
Boiler pressure 225 psi (1.55 MPa)
Heating surface:
 • Tubes and flues
1,075 sq ft (99.9 m2)
 • Firebox 131 sq ft (12.2 m2)
Superheater:
 • Heating area 247 sq ft (22.9 m2)
Cylinders Two, outside
Cylinder size 17.5 in × 26 in (444 mm × 660 mm)
Performance figures
Tractive effort 24,170 lbf (107.5 kN)
Factor of adh. 4.68
Career
Operators British Railways
Power class 4MT
Numbers 76000–76114
Axle load class Route Availability 4
Withdrawn May 1964 – December 1967
Disposition Four preserved, remainder scrapped

The BR Standard Class 4 2-6-0 is a class of steam locomotive designed by Robert Riddles for British Railways (BR). 115 locomotives were built to this standard.

Design and construction[edit]

The class was designed at the ex-LNER works at Doncaster which was also responsible for building 25 of the 115-strong class. The remaining 90 were split between Horwich and Derby Works.

The last in the series, No.76114, was also the final steam engine to be constructed at the 'Plant' (as Doncaster works was known). The Standard Four Mogul was essentially a standardised version of the LMS Ivatt Class 4, and was primarily intended for freight use.

Although a BR Standard, the 4 2-6-0 class did not have the same design of wheels as the Swindon-built 82XXX and 77XXX Class 3 engines which also had 5-foot-3-inch (1.600 m) driving wheels, yet all three locomotive classes share the same cylinder casting.

The cylinder covers of engines built early in the programme of construction were fitted with "screw-in" type pressure relief valves. From September 1955 revised cylinder covers were introduced for renewals incorporating "bolt-on" type pressure relief valves.[1]

Operation[edit]

With its 5-foot-3-inch (1.60 m) diameter driving wheels this sixth of the BR standard designs was clearly biased towards freight working. An axle-loading of only 16 long tons 15 cwt (37,500 lb or 17 t) meant its route availability was virtually unrestricted. Batches were allocated to every BR region except the Western.

Eastern Region[edit]

76079 on the North Norfolk Railway

The Eastern Region divided its 15 between two London depots. Five went to Stratford on the ex-Great Eastern section, and the remainder to the one-time Great Central depot at Neasden. Made redundant by dieselisation the Stratford engines were transferred to the Southern and arrived at Brighton. The Neasden engines also in due course departed the capital, in this case for Chester and ex-Cambrian Railways territory. One Eastern locomotive was 76034 which was fitted with a tablet catcher for running over the M&GN lines in East Anglia. 76079 has visited the North Norfolk Railway in preservation times.

London Midland Region[edit]

Apart from a pair allocated to Leicester, most of the London Midland Region's batch of 15 spent their working lives in the Liverpool, Manchester and Preston areas. Some were allocated to the Nottingham area, and took over the working of the afternoon 16:45 fish train ex Grimsby from 4F 0-6-0s.[citation needed]

North Eastern Region[edit]

At first the North Eastern Region scattered its 13-strong allocation far and wide: Darlington, Gateshead, Hull, Sunderland and York. Later all were concentrated at either Kirkby Stephen or West Auckland to work over the Stainmore route whose viaducts had severe weight restrictions. Like their small cousins the 2MT 2-6-0 class the Moguls were ideal for working the line. They worked coal trains as well as passenger services and were a regular choice for excursions from Tyneside to the Lancashire coast resorts.

Scottish Region[edit]

Thirty-five units were allocated to the Scottish Region, used on the Waverley Line between Carlisle and Hawick. Others appeared on the 'Port Road' from Dumfries to Stranraer. The Scottish examples were mainly concentrated in Ayrshire and around Glasgow, and at one time Corkerhill depot was home to ten of the class. Five units were based in Aberdeen and three went to Thornton in Fife.

Southern Region[edit]

The Southern moguls (originally 37) were also concentrated in one area around Eastleigh, Southampton and Bournemouth. They were used between Portsmouth, Salisbury and Cardiff, Reading to Redhill, Brighton to Bournemouth and over the Swanage branch. Their most celebrated duty was the London Waterloo to Lymington boat train. However this had nothing to do with the engines' capabilities; it was simply that among tender engines only a 2-6-0 or 4-4-0 could fit on the turntable at Brockenhurst. In the last few years of steam operation on the 'Southern' a few examples were allocated to Guildford shed before moving on to Feltham shed in S.W. London.

All 17 locomotives equipped with the BR1B high-sided tender were allocated to the Southern Region. The BR1B tender had a higher axle load than the locomotives.

Table of withdrawals
Year Quantity in
service at
start of year
Quantity
withdrawn
Locomotive numbers Notes
1964 115 7 76028–29/32/34/54/72/97.
1965 108 14 76015/17/23/25/27/30/50/55–56/60/62/65,
76107/12.
1966 94 56 76001/03–04/10–14/16/18–22/24/35/38/42–45/47/49/52–53/57/59/61/70–71/73–74/76/78/82–83/85–86/89–92/96/99,
76100–03/05–06/08–11/13–14.
1967 38 37 76000/02/05–09/26/31/33/36–37/39–41/46/48/51/58/63–64/66–67/69/75/77/79–81/84/87–88/93–95/98,
76104.
1968 1 1 76068.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 23 September 1954, locomotive No. 76017 was hauling a freight train that overran signals and was derailed by trap points at Whitchurch Town station, Hampshire.[2]
  • In December 1957, locomotive No. 76016 was hauling a freight train that overran signals and was derailed by trap points at Woodhay station, Hampshire.[2]
  • On 12 February 1960, locomotive No. 76026 was hauling a freight train that overran signals and was derailed by trap points at Whitchurch Town station.[2]

Preservation[edit]

Four examples have been saved:

Number Builder Built Withdrawn Service life Location Livery Tender Attached Status Mainline Certified Image
76017 Horwich Works May 1953 Jul 1965 12 Years, 1 month Watercress Line BR Lined Black, Early Emblem BR2A Recently returned to steam following completion of a six-year overhaul. Boiler ticket expires in 2026. No 34016 & 76017 at Ropley shed yard.jpg
76077 Horwich Works Dec 1956 Dec 1967 11 Years Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway N/A N/A Stored, awaiting restoration from scrapyard condition. No BR Standard Class 4 76077 at Barry.jpg
76079 Horwich Works Feb 1957 Dec 1967 10 Years, 10 months North Yorkshire Moors Railway BR Lined Black, Early Emblem BR2A The locomotive returned to traffic in Dec 2014 following an overhaul. Mainline Certified. Boiler ticket expires 2024. When running on The Jacobite in 2008 this locomotive bore the number 76001. Yes (Grosmont to Whitby and Whitby to Battersby only, 2014 - 2021) 76079 Castleton East Junction.jpg
76084 Horwich Works Apr 1957 Dec 1967 10 Years, 8 months North Norfolk Railway BR Lined Black, Early Emblem BR2A Owned by 76084 Locomotive Company Limited. Based at the North Norfolk Railway. Mainline Certified. Boiler ticket expires 2023. Yes (2016 - 2023) 76084 & 45690 Leander at Brighouse.jpg

Of the 4 to be preserved all but 76077 have steamed in preservation and of the 3 that have run both 76079 and 76084 have both operated on the main line, 76079's main career on the main line was when it was owned by Ian Riley in Bury, Lancashire. It was eventually sold from Ian Riley to the NYMR and after completion of its most recent overhaul it once again has a main line certificate but is restricted between Battersby and Whitby on the Esk Valley Line. 76084 meanwhile is certified to operate over the national network alongside the Bittern Line and the Esk Valley Line.

According to Steam Railway Magazine, 76077 was originally preserved with the intention of recreating a BR 3MT 2-6-0, which shares the same bottom end as the 4MT, though different wheel types (albeit same size), the boiler would have come from a GWR 5105 "Prairie" tank loco, which was also earmarked, but in the end, both were preserved as built, as the funding was not available for the purchase of both by one group.

Models[edit]

The erstwhile Kitmaster company produced an unpowered polystyrene injection moulded model kit for 00 gauge. In late 1962, the Kitmaster brand was sold by its parent company (Rosebud Dolls) to Airfix, who transferred the moulding tools to their own factory; they re-introduced some of the former Kitmaster range, including this locomotive. In time, the moulding tools passed on to Dapol who have also produced the model kit.[3]

Bachmann produces a ready-to-run model in both 00 and N gauge.[4]

Sound[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Rear cylinder cover SL/SW/35 being superseded by SL/SW/666 and front cylinder cover SL/SW/85 being superseded by SL/SW/667 for renewals from September 1955
  2. ^ a b c Bishop, Bill (1984). Off the Rails. Southampton: Kingfisher. pp. 55–65. ISBN 0 946184 06 2. 
  3. ^ Knight, Stephen (1999). Let's Stick Together: An Appreciation of Kitmaster and Airfix Railway Kits. Clopthill: Irwell Press. ISBN 1-871608-90-2. 
  4. ^ http://www.bachmann.co.uk/image_box.php?image=images1/branchline/32-952A.jpg&cat_no=32-952A&info=33&width=650&height=260

Bibliography[edit]

  • A Detailed History of BR Standard Steam Locomotives, - Vol 2 - The 4-6-0 and 2-6-0 Classes. RCTS ISBN 0-901115-93-2
  • Bradley, Rodger P. (1984). The Standard Steam Locomotives of British Railways. David & Charles. ISBN 0715383841. 

External links[edit]