BR Standard Class 4 4-6-0
|BR Standard Class 4 4-6-0|
Preserved Standard Class 4 4-6-0 No. 75027 on the Bluebell Railway
The class was introduced in 1951. They were designed for mixed traffic use on secondary routes where the otherwise ubiquitous BR standard class 5 and their predecessors, the Black Fives, would be too heavy. They were essentially a tender version of the standard 4 2-6-4T, with similar characteristics to the GWR Manor Class, though unlike the Manors they were built to the universal loading gauge. They used the same running gear as the tank engine (with the leading bogie from the Standard Class 5), and substantially the same firebox, smokebox and boiler, although the boiler barrel was increased in length by 9 inches (229 mm).
The engine weighed 67.90 long tons (68.99 t; 76.05 short tons), was 60 ft 0 in (18.29 m) long, with 5 ft 8 in (1.727 m) diameter driving wheels. It had two cylinders of 18 inches (457 mm) diameter and 28 inches (711 mm) stroke operated at maximum boiler pressure of 225 lbf/in2 (1.55 MPa), to produce 25,515 lbf (113.5 kN) tractive effort. Its British Railways power classification was 4MT.
It normally used the standard BR2 or BR2A tender, which weighed 42.15 long tons (42.83 t; 47.21 short tons) and carried 3,500 imp gal (16,000 l; 4,200 US gal) of water and 6.00 long tons (6.10 t; 6.72 short tons) of coal. In this configuration its route availability was 4, almost universal over the British Railways network.
The class was initially allocated to the London Midland Region (45) and the Western Region (20). The last 15 were allocated to the Southern Region. The Southern batch were built with BR1B tenders, which weighed 49.15 long tons (49.94 t; 55.05 short tons), and carried 4,725 imp gal (21,480 l; 5,674 US gal) of water and 7.00 long tons (7.11 t; 7.84 short tons) of coal. This reduced their route availability to 7, the same as the Standard Class 5.
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Six members of the class have survived into preservation, with all of them apart from 75079 having run at some point. Two members of the class were purchased directly from BR for preservation (75027 & 75029); the remaining four engines were rescued from Woodham Brothers' scrapyard at Barry Island.
No member of the class is presently main line approved but three of them (75014, 75029 and 75069) have worked on the main line at various points in preservation. 75029 was passed to work on the main line between Grosmont and Whitby with occasional visits to Battersby during galas, but now the engine is out of service waiting for work to be undertaken on the boiler and firebox. Two members of the class (75014 and 75078) are presently operational, with 75014 being the most recent engine to return to service. 75027 has been cosmetically restored for display as part of the Bluebell Railway's 'Steamworks!' exhibition.
|Number & Name||Tender Attached||Built||Withdrawn||Service life||Location||Livery||Status||Image|
|75014 "Braveheart"||BR2A||Nov 1951||Dec 1966||15 years, 30 days||Dartmouth Steam Railway||BR Lined Black, Early Emblem||Operational, boiler ticket expires: 2026.|
|75027||BR2A||May 1954||Aug 1968||14 years, 3 months||Bluebell Railway||BR Lined Green, Late Crest||Static Display|
|75029 "The Green Knight"||BR2A||May 1954||Aug 1967||13 years, 3 months||North Yorkshire Moors Railway||BR Lined Green, Late Crest||Undergoing overhaul|
|75069||BR1B||Sept 1955||Sept 1966||11 years||Severn Valley Railway||*BR Lined Black, Late Crest||Undergoing overhaul|
|75078||BR1B||Jan 1956||Jul 1966||10 years, 5 months||Keighley and Worth Valley Railway||BR Lined Black, Late Crest||Operational, boiler ticket expires: 2024.|
|75079||BR1B||Jan 1956||Nov 1966||10 years, 10 months||Mid-Hants Railway||N/A||Undergoing restoration.|
- Casserley, H.C. (1960). The Observer's Book of Railway Locomotives of Britain. London: Frederick Warne & Co. Ltd. p. 226.
- A Detailed History of BR Standard Steam Locomotives, - Vol 2 - The 4-6-0 and 2-6-0 Classes. RCTS ISBN 0-901115-93-2
- Bradley, Rodger P. (1984). The Standard Steam Locomotives of British Railways. David & Charles. ISBN 0715383841.
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