BTR-4

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BTR-4
BTR-4E in Kyiv.jpg
BTR-4E
Type Armoured personnel carrier
Place of origin Ukraine
Service history
In service Iraq
Ukraine
Production history
Designer Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau
Manufacturer Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau
Specifications
Weight 17.5+3% T (with anti-bullet protection)
25+3% T (with additional protection)
Length 7.76 m
Width 2.93 m
Height 3.02 m
Crew 3

Engine 3TD diesel engine or DEUTZ EURO III
489 hp or 598
Power/weight 28.6 hp/t (with anti-bullet protection)
20 hp/t (with additional protection)
Suspension wheeled 8×8
Operational
range
at least 690 km
Speed 110 km/h (road)
10 km/h (in water)

The BTR-4 "Bucephalus" (BTR; Ukrainian: Бронетранспортер / Bronetransporter, literally Armoured Transporter) is a 8x8 wheeled armoured personnel carrier (APC) designed in Ukraine by the Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau (SOE KMDB) as a private venture. The prototype, which was designed as a private venture, was unveiled at the Aviasvit 2006 exhibition held in Ukraine in June 2006.

Description[edit]

BTR-4 with Grom module

The layout of the BTR-4 represent a change compared to the older BTR-60/70/80 designed in the Soviet Union. The vehicle has a conventional layout similar to western designs like the German TPz Fuchs with the driver's and commander's compartment at the front part of the hull, the engine and transmission compartment in the middle, and the troop compartment at the rear. The troops enter and leave the vehicle either through the rear doors or the roof hatches, and the driver and the commander are provided with doors located on the sides of the hull.

The BTR-4 is a more flexible design than the older BTR-60/70/80s as the changed layout makes it easier to adapt the vehicle to specialized roles. The vehicle can be armed according to customer requirements. The prototype is armed with the locally designed New Armament Module which is armed with one 30mm automatic cannon, 7.62mm coaxial machine-gun, up to four 9P135M Konkurs or Baryer anti-tank missiles (two on each side of the turret), and one 30mm automatic grenade launcher (fitted in place of the AT missiles on one left-hand side of the turret). It can also be fitted with different turret weapons modules: the GROM module, SHKVAL module, and the BAU 23x2 module.

The BTR-4 has a maximum speed of 110 km/h and can cross water obstacles at a speed of 10 km/h. The vehicle is powered by a 3TD diesel engine with 500 hp. It was reported to being hit by several rpg rounds and multiple small-arms fire with no consequences.[citation needed] Slat armor can be fitted for maximum protection against RPG attacks.

A serial production started in late 2008, first series of ten BTR entered service in the army of Ukraine in 2009.[1]

Service history[edit]

Indonesia

During early trials and evaluation by the Indonesian Marine Corps, the BTR-4 showed several problems which included teething issues and excessive trim when traversing water at high speeds.[2] On April 2017, it was reported that the Indonesian Marine Corps had prepared a formal letter to withdraw from any further acquisitions of the BTR-4. The letter was to be submitted to the Indonesian Ministry of Defense, requesting the redistribution of spending allocations in order to procure other types of vehicles.[3]

Iraq

Iraq has ordered 450 BTR-4s. 40 vehicles of the third batch delivered arrived with rust and damaged hulls and were not accepted by Iraq.[4][5][6][7][8][9]

Ukraine

Some BTR-4s that being used by Ukrainian armed forces in the ATO operations come from the rejected batch for the Iraqi army.[10][11][12][13][14]

Combat use[edit]

Iraq

The Iraqi army used BTR-4s in an operation to recapture Jurf Al Sakhar from ISIL forces on October 24, 2014, successfully repelling two road-side ambushes.[15]

Ukraine

On 4 June 2014, company officials revealed that the BTR-4E was being used in military operations in the Sloviansk area. Its armor had withstood hits from large-caliber machine guns, counter-HEAT side screens protected the crew from anti-tank grenade launchers, and armored glass sustained direct hits from sniper rifles.[16] Their original desert camo as seen on Iraqi BTR-4s can be viewed in pictures and videos from ATO operations.[17] Two Ukrainian BTR-4 were captured by the pro-Russian separatists in repairable state.[18]

Versions[edit]

  • BRM-4K reconnaissance vehicle,
  • BTR-4K command vehicle,
  • BTR-4KSh command and staff vehicle,
  • BTR-4E1[19]
  • MOP-4K fire support vehicle,
  • BREM-4K repair and recovery vehicle, and the
  • BSEM-4K recovery and medical vehicle.
  • BMM-4A - Apparently similar in role to the BMM-1 (BTR-80 family) [first-aid and battlefield evacuation vehicle]
  • BMM-4B - Apparently similar in role to the BMM-2 (BTR-80 family) [battalion level initial medical treatment vehicle]
  • BMM-4C - Apparently similar in role to the BMM-3 (BTR-80 family) [field hospital]

Weapons modules[edit]

Standard module:

  • Passengers:
    • 3x crew (driver, commander, gunner)
    • 8x soldiers (7x soldiers in up-armored version)
  • Armament:
    • 1x 30 mm automatic cannon
    • 1x 7.62 mm coaxial machinegun
    • 4x 9P135M Konkurs or Baryer AT missiles (optional 1x 30 mm automatic grenade launcher with reduction to 2x AT missiles)

GROM module:

  • Passengers:
    • 3x crew (driver, commander, gunner)
    • 8x soldiers
  • Armament:
    • 1x 30 mm automatic cannon
    • 1x 30 mm automatic grenade launcher
    • 1x 7.62 mm coaxial machinegun
    • 4x 9P135M Konkurs or Baryer AT missiles

SHKVAL module:

  • Passengers:
    • 3x crew (driver, commander, gunner)
    • 8x soldiers
  • Armament:
    • 1x 30 mm automatic cannon
    • 1x 7.62 mm coaxial machinegun
    • 4x 9P135M Konkurs or Baryer AT missiles (optional 1x 30 mm automatic grenade launcher with reduction to 2x AT missiles)

BAU 23x2 module:

  • Passengers:
    • 3x crew (driver, commander, gunner)
    • 8x soldiers
  • Armament:
    • 2x 23x152 mm automatic cannons
    • 1x 7.62 mm coaxial machinegun

BTR-4KSh command and staff vehicle:

  • Passengers:
    • 2x crew (driver, vehicle commander)
    • 5x staff (commander, four officers)
  • Armament:
    • 1x TKB-01-1 12.7 mm machine gun

MOP-4K fire support vehicle:

  • Passengers:
    • 4x crew (driver, commander, gunner, loader)
  • Armament:
    • 1x 120 mm cannon
    • 1x 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun (turret ring mount)

Operators[edit]

BTR-4 operators map

Current operators[edit]

The Indonesian Marine Corps has ordered 55 BTR-4M with BAU 23×2 module, and began operating them in May 2017.[20][21][22]
The Iraqi Ministry of Defence ordered 420 vehicles in 2012.[23] Only 88 out of an order for 420 were delivered by late 2013 and the contract has been canceled due to numerous quality violations[citation needed].
100 Units[24][25]
5 BTR-4 for the Nigerian Police.[26]

Potential operators[edit]

The BTR-4 has been presented to the tender for the next infantry combat vehicle for the Spain Ground Forces, to replace the venerable BMR.[30]
The tender for the Macedonian Ground Forces is for an infantry wheeled vehicle, who is destinated for replacing the current BTR-60 and BTR-70 flotilla. The estimated order can reach 200 units.[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Informacje in: "Raport - Wojsko Technika Obronność" Nr. 12/2008, p. 69 ((pl icon
  2. ^ Indonesia reconsiders further acquisition of BTR-4 APCs after early trials - Janes.com, 28 December 2016
  3. ^ Indonesian Marine Corps prepares to pull plug on further BTR-4 acquisitions - Janes.com, 07 April 2017
  4. ^ "Iraq Accuses Ukraine of Selling Inferior Armored Vehicles / Sputnik international". Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  5. ^ "Iraqi BTR-4 shipment heads back to Ukraine". Pakistan Defence. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "Iraq; Ukrainian BTR-4 shipment is rejected". Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  7. ^ "Good Bad News: 100 APCs for Ukraine". Defense Industry Daily. 6 April 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  8. ^ "BTR-4 - militarytechcooperations". Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  9. ^ "Iraqi BTR-4 shipment heads back to Ukraine". Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  10. ^ "Iraqi BTR-4 shipment heads back to Ukraine". Pakistan Defence. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  11. ^ "Iraq; Ukrainian BTR-4 shipment is rejected". Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  12. ^ "Good Bad News: 100 APCs for Ukraine". Defense Industry Daily. 6 April 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  13. ^ "BTR-4 - militarytechcooperations". Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  14. ^ "Iraqi BTR-4 shipment heads back to Ukraine". Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  15. ^ Al Salami, Jassem. "Led by an Armored Bulldozer, Shia Militia Fought to Restore Their Credibility". War is Boring. Medium.com. Retrieved 26 November 2014. 
  16. ^ Ukrainian BTR-4 8x8 armoured personnel carrier used during anti-terrorist operation in Sloviansk - Armyrecognition.com, 5 June 2014
  17. ^ "Ukraine National Guard to receive BTR-4s". Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-07-06. Retrieved 2015-07-06. 
  19. ^ Kharkiv Machine Design Bureau designed new version of BTR-4 with additional protection. Military panorama. March 12, 2014.
  20. ^ SpetsTechnoExport of Ukraine awarded contract to supply 5 BTR-4 8x8 armoured to Indonesia - Armyrecognition.com, 24 January 2014.
  21. ^ "Ukraine to supply 50 BTR-4 armoured personnel carriers to Naval Forces of Indonesia (TNI AL)". March 15, 2014. 
  22. ^ Dominguez, Gabriel (31 May 2017). "Indonesian marines begin operating Ukrainian-made BTR-4M APCs". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 30 May 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  23. ^ "Ukraine, Iraq in $2.5 Bn Weapons Deal". Defenseindustrydaily.com. 2012-10-10. Retrieved 2014-05-25. 
  24. ^ http://esp.ukrinform.com/content/ukrnoronprom-y-kazajst%C3%A1n-engineering-firmaron-el-acuerdo-de-producci%C3%B3n-com%C3%BAn-de-btr-4
  25. ^ http://en.ria.ru/mlitary_news/20120503/173193841.html
  26. ^ Guy Martin. "Recent Nigerian military acquisitions". Archived from the original on 11 April 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2015. 
  27. ^ "Лента новостей : ALL.BIZ: Украина". Ua.all-biz.info. Retrieved 2014-05-25. 
  28. ^ «Укроборонпром» до октября передаст военным первые бронированные «скорые» на базе БТР-4Е // "УНИАН" от 15 августа 2014
  29. ^ "Ранее государство закупило для нужд Нацгвардии 40 новейших БТР-4 в Харькове"
    Нацгвардия получила пять новых БТР-3Е Киевского бронетанкового завода - СМИ // "УНИАН" от 25 июня 2014
  30. ^ http://www.infodefensa.com/es/2009/10/04/noticia-ucrania-oferta-el-btr-4-como-candidato-al-vbr-8x8-espanol.html
  31. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20110805102927/http://www.kyivpost.com/news/nation/detail/36687/

External links[edit]