BTR (vehicle)

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BTR-40 APC in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel, 2005
Russian BTR-T

BTR (БТР), from Bronetransportyor/Bronetransporter (Russian: бронетранспортёр/Ukrainian: бронетранспортер; literally "armoured transporter"), is any of a series of Soviet or post-Soviet military armoured personnel carriers.

Manufacturers[edit]

Soviet Union/Russia[edit]

  • BTR-40 - Armored 4×4 truck (1950s) based on GAZ-63 four wheel drive truck.
    • BTR-40P - Another name for the BRDM-1.
    • BTR-40PB - Another name for the BRDM-2.
  • BTR-50 - Tracked APC (1954) based on the PT-76 amphibious light tank chassis.
  • BTR-60 - Eight-wheeled APC (1959).
  • BTR-70 - Eight-wheeled APC (1972).
  • BTR-80 - Eight-wheeled APC (1986).
  • BTR-152 - Armoured 6×6 truck (1950s) based on the ZiS-151, with later variants using the Zil-157 truck.
  • BTR-D - Bronetransportyor, Desanta (Russian: Бронетранспортёр Десанта, literally "armored transporter of the Airborne"), stretched six-wheel transport variant[1][2] of the BMD-1 airborne IFV.[3][4]
  • BTR-MD "Rakushka" - APC variant of the BMD-3. Planned successor for the BTR-D.

Russia[edit]

  • BTR-90 - Russian eight-wheeled APC (1990s).
  • BTR-T - Russian tracked infantry fighting vehicle based on the T-55 chassis (1990s).

Ukraine[edit]

BTR-4 assigned to Ukrainian Armed Forces
  • BTR-3 - Ukrainian BTR-80 variant eight-wheeled APC (2000). It is manufactured by KMDB in Ukraine. The BTR-3 is an all-new production vehicle, rather than an upgrade of the existing in-service vehicle, such as the BTR-80.
  • BTR-4 - Another Ukrainian eight-wheeled APC (2006) with rear doors designed in Ukraine by the Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau (SOE KMDB) as a private venture. The prototype was unveiled at the Aviasvit 2006 exhibition held in Ukraine in June 2006.
  • BTR-7 - an upgrade of the BTR-70.
  • BTR-94 - Ukrainian modification of the Soviet eight-wheeled BTR-80.

Notes[edit]