|Body and chassis|
|Class||Plug-in hybrid sedan|
|Engine||1.5 L turbo-charged direct-injected|
|Electric motor||Two 110 kW|
|Battery||13 kWh LiFePO4 battery pack|
|Electric range||70 km (43 mi)|
The BYD Qin (pronounced “Chin”) is a plug-in hybrid compact sedan developed by BYD Auto with an all-electric range of 70 km (43 mi) and a hybrid electric powertrain that can extend the car's total range to a distance similar to that of a conventional gasoline-powered vehicle. The BYD Qin concept car was unveiled at the 2012 Beijing International Automotive Exhibition, and the car is named after China's first empire, the Qin Dynasty. An all-electric variant with a range of 300 km (190 mi), the BYD Qin EV300, was released in China in March 2016.
The Qin starts at 189,800 rmb (~US$31,000), before any applicable government subsidies and tax exemptions available for eco-friendly vehicles. The EV300 starts at 259,800 rmb (~US$40,200) before incentives.
The Qin is the successor of the BYD F3DM, the world's first mass-produced plug-in hybrid automobile, launched in China in 2008. In April 2012, BYD announced that due to its low sales, the F3DM was to be replaced by the Qin. The BYD Qin is the plug-in hybrid version of the BYD Su Rui, launched in the Chinese market in August 2012. Deliveries in China began in mid December 2013. Retail sales of the BYD Qin began in Costa Rica in November 2013, and BYD planned to start sales in other countries in Central and South America in 2014.
Sales of the plug-in hybrid model in China passed the 50,000 unit milestone in April 2016. Since 2014 the Qin is the all-time top-selling highway legal plug-in passenger car in China with cumulative sales of 68,655 units through December 2016. The BYD Qin was for two years in a row, 2014 and 2015, the top selling plug-in electric car in China, and ranked as the second top selling plug-in hybrid model in 2016. The Qin was the world's second best selling plug-in hybrid car in 2015 after the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV, and also ranked fifth in 2015 among the world's top selling plug-in electric cars. As of June 2016[update], the Qin plug-in hybrid listed sixth among the world's top 10 best-selling plug-in electric cars ever. The all-electric variant, the Qin EV300, totaled 10,656 units sold between March and December 2016.
The Qin was designed with BYD Auto's next-generation more efficient dual-mode electric powertrain. The BYD Qin uses a smaller 13 kWh lithium iron phosphate batteries (LiFePO4) instead of the 16 kWh battery used on the F3DM. The LiFePo4 battery has a high energy density and can withstand up to 4,000 charges while still retaining 80% performance, and uses no toxic heavy metals in its manufacture. Due to its improved design, the new battery is about 50% smaller and lighter than the one used on the F3DM. The reduced battery pack size will translate into reduced price, but at the expense of the all-electric range, which BYD estimates at 50 kilometres (31 mi) while the F3DM delivers an all-electric range of 97 kilometres (60 mi). BYD says the Qin will have a 7% better efficiency, power and energy-saving and in pure EV mode.
In hybrid mode, the Qin uses two 110 kW electric motors and a 1.5 liter turbo-charged direct-injected engine, instead of the 1-liter 3-cylinder engine used in the F3DM, to output 223 kW of power and 440 Nm of torque. According to BYD Auto, the Qin has a top speed of 185 km/h (115 mph) and can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) in less than 5.9 seconds, 3.3 seconds faster than the Chevrolet Volt. Thanks to its smaller battery and increased wheelbase, the Qin will have more interior space than the F3DM, and the styling has also been improved over BYD’s earlier models, most notably in the car’s interior. The Qin features two large TFT LCD displays on the dashboard, equipped with the BYD “i” intelligent cloud system platform incorporating features like telematics, cloud-computing and a full range of services 24 hours a day.
BYD Qin EV300
A pure battery electric version, the Qin EV300, was released in China in March 2016. The BYD Qin EV is powered by a 218hp electric motor, and its battery pack is expected to deliver a range of 300 km (190 mi). Top speed is 150 kilometres per hour (93 mph). There are four versions of the Qin EV300, with pricing ranging between 259,800 to 309,800 rmb (~US$40,200 to US$47,900), before any applicable government subsidies and tax exemptions. Sales during its first month in the Chinese market totaled 229 units.
Production and sales
In May 2015, Qin sales passed the 25,000 units milestone, becoming the seventh plug-in to achieve that mark globally. The BYD Qin was the world's second best selling plug-in hybrid car in 2015 after the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV, and also ranked fifth in 2015 among the world's top selling plug-in electric cars. Sales of the Qin plug-in hybrid model in China passed the 50,000 unit milestone in April 2016, the sixth plug-in electric car to achieve that mark. As of June 2016[update], the Qin plug-in hybrid was listed sixth among the world's all-time top 10 best-selling plug-in electric cars.
After missing the original market launch of August 2013, retail deliveries were rescheduled to begin in Shenzhen in November 2013, and then push back until December 2013. The carmaker was awaiting the roll out of local government subsidies for new energy vehicles. Deliveries began in December 2013 at a price starting at 189,800 rmb (US$31,000), before a 35,000 rmb (US$5,600) central government subsidy available for eco-friendly vehicles, in addition to existing local incentives. The high end trim is priced at 209,800 rmb (US$34,400) before incentives.
A total of 142 units were sold in China in December 2013. Sales totaled 14,747 units in 2014, making the Qin the top selling plug-in electric car in China in 2014, and becoming the all-time top selling plug-in passenger car in the country. In 2015, with 31,898 units sold, the Qin was the top selling plug-in passenger car in China for the second year running, and remained as the all-time top selling passenger new energy vehicle in China. A total of 21,868 Qins were sold in 2016, making the car the second best-selling plug-in car in the country in 2016 after the BYD Tang. In addition, 10,656 units of the all-electric variant EV300 were sold between March and December 2016. As of December 2016[update], cumulative Qin plug-in hybrid sales in China totaled 68,655 units since its inception.
- BYD F3DM
- BYD F6DM
- BYD Tang
- Electric car use by country
- Government incentives for plug-in electric vehicles
- History of plug-in hybrids
- List of modern production plug-in electric vehicles
- New energy vehicles in China
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- Staff (2016-01-14). "Best-selling Sedan in 2015". China Auto Web. Retrieved 2016-01-17. A total of 31,898 Qins were sold in China in 2015.
- Staff (2017-01-19). "Best-selling China-made EVs in 2016". China Auto Web. Retrieved 2017-01-25. Three BYD Auto models topped the Chinese ranking of best-selling new energy passenger cars in 2016. The BYD Tang SUV was the top selling plug-in electric car in China in 2016 with 31,405 units sold, followed by the BYD Qin with 21,868 units sold, and ranking third overall in 2016 was the BYD e6 with 20,605 units.
- Staff (2016-01-14). "Sales Ranking of China-made Pure-electric Cars in 2015". China Auto Web. Retrieved 2016-02-10. A total of 16,736 Kandi EVs, 16,488 BAIC E-Series EVs, and 15,467 Zotye Z100 EVs were sold in China in 2015.
- Cobb, Jeff (2016-01-12). "Tesla Model S Was World’s Best-Selling Plug-in Car in 2015". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2016-01-17. The Tesla Model S was the top selling plug-in electric car in 2015 (50,366), followed by the Nissan Leaf (about 43,600), the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV (about 43,000), the BYD Qin (31,898) and the BMW i3 (24,057).
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- Wanxiang, Liu (2016-04-11). "乘联会：3月新能源乘用车销量回升至1.56万辆 比亚迪北汽江淮包揽前三" [By the Federation: March passenger car sales rose to 15,600, BYD, BAIC and JAC swept the first three places] (in Chinese). D1EV.com. Retrieved 2016-04-12. A total of 1,143 BYD Qin plug-in hybrids and 229 all-electric variants were sold in China in March 2016.
- Jeff Cobb (2015-02-10). "Top-10 Global Best-Selling Plug-in Cars". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2015-03-21. A total of 14,747 Qins were sold in China in 2014.
- Jeff Cobb (2015-06-15). "Three More Plug-in Cars Cross 25,000 Sales Milestone". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2015-07-14. A total of 27,351 Qins have been sold in China since its introduction through May 2015.
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