B & O Freight Terminal
Longworth Hall now occupies the former B&O freight terminal in Cincinnati, Oh.
|Architect||M.A. Long |
|NRHP Reference #||86003521|
|Added to NRHP||December 29, 1986|
Longworth Hall is a registered historic building in Cincinnati, Ohio, listed in the National Register on December 29, 1986. Constructed by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in 1904 as the B & O Freight Terminal, the building was reported to be the largest structure of its type in the world at 5 stories high and 1,277 feet (389 m) long. Camden Yards in Baltimore is a similar structure.
During construction, 80,000 feet (20,000 m) of pilings were driven to support the concrete foundations. The piers between the first floor doors are of Bedford limestone. 4,250,000 bricks were used in the walls. Floor loads are carried on steel girders and these in turn are carried on steel columns. Floors, joists, roof beams, etc., are frame requiring 2,500,000 board feet (5,900 m3) of lumber.
The lower floor was designed as the inbound freight house with the upper four floors for storage. The facility trackage could accommodate 125 cars. Other facilities included a boiler house, a 6 stall roundhouse, a coal tipple and a U.S. Customs Bonded Warehouse, for the care of imported goods.
As of 2012, Longworth Hall is at risk of partial demolition due to planned replacement of the adjacent Brent Spence Bridge. However, it will only happen if the current owner sells the part that would be demolished.
The Cincinnati Children's Museum occupied all four stories at the western end of Longworth Hall until floodwaters inundated the building during the flood of 1997, forcing the museum to relocate to the Cincinnati Museum Center at Union Terminal the following year. WOXY.com's studios were located in Longworth Hall from September 2004 until the Internet radio station moved to Austin, Texas, in 2009.
Dotloop is currently headquartered in Longworth Hall.
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