|Relative key||D major|
|Parallel key||B major|
|Dominant key||F-sharp minor|
|B, C♯, D, E, F♯, G, A|
B minor is a minor scale based on B, consisting of the pitches B, C♯, D, E, F♯, G, and A. Its key signature has two sharps. Its relative major is D major and its parallel major is B major.
The B natural minor scale is:
Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written in with accidentals as necessary. The B harmonic minor and melodic minor scales are:
Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart (1739–1791) regarded B minor as a key expressing a quiet acceptance of fate and very gentle complaint, something commentators find to be in line with Bach's use of the key in his St John Passion. By the end of the Baroque era, however, conventional academic views of B minor had shifted: Composer-theorist Francesco Galeazzi (1758–1819) opined that B minor was not suitable for music in good taste. Beethoven labelled a B-minor melodic idea in one of his sketchbooks as a "black key".
Notable compositions in B minor
- Johann Sebastian Bach
- Johannes Brahms
- Alexander Borodin
- Frédéric Chopin
- Scherzo No. 1, Op. 20
- Étude, Op. 25, No. 10
- Prelude in B minor "Tolling Bells", Op. 28, No. 6
- Piano Sonata No. 3, Op. 58
- Waltz, Op. 69, No. 2
- Antonín Dvořák
- Cello Concerto, Op. 104
- Johann Nepomuk Hummel
- Piano Concerto No. 3, Op. 89
- Franz Liszt
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Adagio, K. 540
- Niccolò Paganini
- Violin Concerto No. 2, Op. 7
- Sergei Rachmaninoff
- Moments musicaux No. 3, Op. 16
- Prelude in B minor, Op. 32, No. 10
- Études-Tableaux No. 4 in B minor, Op. 39
- Camille Saint-Saëns
- Violin Concerto No. 3, Op. 61
- Franz Schubert
- Symphony No. 8 (Unfinished), D. 759
- Alexander Scriabin
- Fantaisie in B minor, Op. 28
- Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
- Symphony No. 6 (Pathetique), Op. 74
- ^ Tusa 1993, pp. 2–3, n. 5.
- ^ Galeazzi 1817, p. [page needed].
- ^ Tusa 1993, p. 2, n. 3.
- Galeazzi, Francesco (1817). Elementi teorico-pratici di musica con un saggio sopra l'arte di suonare il violino analizzata, ed a dimostrabili principi ridotta. Ascoli. See also Francesco Galeazzi, The Theoretical-Practical Elements of Music, Parts III and IV; English translation, with introduction and commentary, by Deborah Burton and Gregory W. Harwood (Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 2012); ISBN 978-0-252-03708-5.
- Tusa, Michael C. (1993). "Beethoven's 'C-Minor Mood': Some Thoughts on the Structural Implications of Key Choice". In Christoph Reynolds (ed.). Beethoven Forum. Vol. 2. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0803239098.
- Media related to B minor at Wikimedia Commons