B minor

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B minor
D-major h-minor.svg
Relative keyD major
Parallel keyB major
Dominant keyF-sharp minor
SubdominantE minor
Component pitches
B, C, D, E, F, G, A

B minor is a minor scale based on B, consisting of the pitches B, C, D, E, F, G, and A. Its key signature consists of two sharps. Its relative major is D major and its parallel major is B major.

The B natural minor scale is:

Musical scores are temporarily disabled.

Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written in with accidentals as necessary. The B harmonic minor and melodic minor scales are:

Musical scores are temporarily disabled.
Musical scores are temporarily disabled.

Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart (1739–1791) regarded B minor as a key expressing a quiet acceptance of fate and very gentle complaint, something commentators find to be in line with Bach's use of the key in his St John Passion.[1] By the end of the Baroque era, however, conventional academic views of B minor had shifted: Composer-theorist Francesco Galeazzi (1758–1819)[2] opined that B minor was not suitable for music in good taste. Beethoven labelled a B-minor melodic idea in one of his sketchbooks as a "black key".[3] Brahms, Dvořák, Schubert, Liszt, Chopin, Borodin, and Tchaikovsky all wrote significant works in B minor.

Notable compositions in B minor[edit]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Tusa, pp. 2–3, n. 5
  2. ^ Galeazzi, Elementi di Musica
  3. ^ Tusa, p. 2, n. 3


  • Galeazzi, Francesco. Elementi teorico-pratici di musica con un saggio sopra l'arte di suonare il violino analizzata, ed a dimostrabili principi ridotta. Ascoli: 1817. See also Francesco Galeazzi, The Theoretical-Practical Elements of Music, Parts III and IV; English translation, with introduction and commentary, by Deborah Burton and Gregory W. Harwood (Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 2012); ISBN 978-0-252-03708-5.
  • Tusa, Michael C. (1993). "Beethoven's 'C-Minor Mood': Some Thoughts on the Structural Implications of Key Choice". In Christoph Reynolds (ed.). Beethoven Forum. 2. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0803239098.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to B minor at Wikimedia Commons