B visa

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B1/B2 visa for an Argentinian citizen

A B visa is one of a category of non-immigrant visas issued by the United States government to foreign citizens seeking entry for a temporary period. The two types of B visa are the B-1 visa, issued to those seeking entry for business purposes, and the B-2 visa, issued to those seeking entry for tourism or other non-business purposes. In practice, the two visa categories are usually combined together and issued as a "B-1/B-2 visa" valid for a temporary visit for either business or pleasure, or a combination of the two. Visitors from some countries do not need to obtain a visa for these purposes (see United States visas).


Cost[edit]

The cost of a B visa consists of the application fee, which all applicants must pay (currently 160 USD[1]), and the issuance fee, which varies by nation, based on a fee reciprocity table.[2]

Currently, as of October 2014, nationals of the following countries have to pay the reciprocity fee.[3]

Country Price (US$)
 Angola 10
 Burma 32
 Cameroon 240
 Central African Republic 40
 Comoros 31
 Congo (Brazzaville) 20
 Congo (Kinshasa) 150
 India 160
 Kyrgyzstan 45
 Libya 10
 Oman 15
 Papua New Guinea 15
 Sudan 19
 Turkmenistan 355
 Yemen 30

Validity period and duration of stay[edit]

US visa validity period
  United States
  120 months
  60 months
  24-48 months
  12 months
  Under 12 months

As with other non-immigrant U.S. visas, a B-1/B-2 visa has a validity period (from 1 to 10 years), allows for either one or multiple entries into the U.S, and elicits a period of stay (maximum 6 months) recorded by the Customs and Border Protection officer at the port of entry on the individual's form I-94.[4]

Validity periods per country are listed in the U.S. Department of State Visa Reciprocity Tables and vary from 1 month for DR Congo, 3 years for Russia, and 5 years for Pakistan, to 10 years for Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Hong Kong, India, Israel, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Singapore, South Africa, Tunisia and most European Countries.

Periods of stay for B-1 visas may be granted initially for a duration long enough to allow the visitor to conduct their business, up to a maximum of 6 months, and can be extended for another 6 months;[5] B-1 visas are usually granted for three months or less, while B-2 visas are generally granted for six months.[6] Extensions are possible, provided the individual has not violated the conditions of their admission.[7]

A Border Crossing Card (BCC), also called a laser visa, has a 10-year validity and functions as both a BCC and a B-1/B-2 visitor's visa.[8]

Validity of visas by nationality for B-1/B-2 visa:[9]

Country Validity (in months)
Afghanistan 12
Albania 36
Algeria 24
Angola 24
Antigua and Barbuda 120
Argentina 120
Armenia 120
Australia 12
Azerbaijan 12
Bahrain 60
Bangladesh 60
Barbados 120
Belarus 12
Belize 120
Benin 36
Bhutan 3[10]
Bolivia 120
Bosnia-Herzegovina 120
Botswana 120
Brazil 120
Bulgaria 120
Burkina Faso 60
Burma 3[11]
Burundi 12
Cambodia 3[12]
Cameroon 12
Canada 120
Cape Verde 60
Central African Republic 12
Chad 3[13]
China 120
Colombia 120
Comoros 45 days[14]
Congo (Brazzaville) 6
Congo (Kinshasa) 1
Costa Rica 120
Côte d'Ivoire 12
Croatia 120
Cuba 6
Cyprus 120
Djibouti 12
Dominica 120
Dominican Republic 120
Ecuador 60
Egypt 60
El Salvador 120
Equatorial Guinea 60
Eritrea 12
Ethiopia 24
Fiji 120
Gabon 60
Georgia 120
Ghana 60
Grenada 120
Guatemala 120
Guinea 36
Guinea - Bissau 60
Guyana 120
Haiti 60
Honduras 120
Hong Kong 120
India 120
Indonesia 60
Iran 3[15]
Iraq 12
Israel 120
Jamaica 120
Jordan 60
Kazakhstan 60
Kenya 12
Kiribati 48
Kosovo 36
Kuwait 120
Kyrgyzstan 60
Laos 3[16]
Lebanon 60
Lesotho 120
Liberia 12
Libya 3[17]
Macau 120
Macedonia 120
Madagascar 3
Malawi 120
Malaysia 120
Maldives 120
Mali 60
Marshall Islands 3
Mauritania 12
Mauritius 120
Mexico 120
Micronesia 3
Moldova 120
Mongolia 120
Montenegro 36
Morocco 120
Mozambique 12
Namibia 60
Nauru 60
Nepal 60
Nicaragua 120
Niger 12
Nigeria 24
Oman 24
Pakistan 60
Palau 3
Palestinian Authority 120
Panama 120
Papua New Guinea 12
Paraguay 120
North Korea 3[18]
Peru 120
Philippines 120
Poland 120
Qatar 120
Romania 120
Russia 36
Rwanda 120
Saint Kitts and Nevis 120
Saint Lucia 120
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 120
Samoa 120
Sao Tome And Principe 6
Saudi Arabia 60
Senegal 120
Serbia 120
Seychelles 120
Sierra Leone 36
Solomon Islands 60
Somalia 3[19]
South Africa 120
South Sudan 3[20]
Sri Lanka 60
Sudan 3[21]
Suriname 60
Swaziland 120
Syria 24
Taiwan 60
Tajikistan 12
Tanzania 12
Thailand 120
The Bahamas 120
The Gambia 60
Timor-Leste 3[22]
Togo 36
Tonga 120
Trinidad And Tobago 120
Tunisia 120
Turkey 120
Turkmenistan 12
Tuvalu 120
Uganda 24
Ukraine 120
United Arab Emirates 120
Uruguay 120
Uzbekistan 12
Vanuatu 60
Vatican City 60
Venezuela 120
Vietnam 12
VWP countries[23] 120
Yemen 12
Zambia 36
Zimbabwe 12

Visitor visa statistics[edit]

Issued B-1/B-2 visas in fiscal 2014
  United States
  Visa exempt nationalities
  Over 400 thousand issued visas
  Over 100 thousand issued visas
  Over 50 thousand issued visas
  Over 25 thousand issued visas
  Over 10 thousand issued visas
  Over 5 thousand issued visas
  Under 5 thousand issued visas

In fiscal 2014 most B-1,2 visas were issued to the nationals of the following countries (listed over 40,000 visas):[24]

Nationality Issued B-1,2 visas in 2014
 China 1,403,617
 Mexico[25] 1,266,781
 Brazil 1,021,561
 India 452,525
 Colombia 436,769
 Argentina 217,861
 Russia 206,049
 Ecuador 156,638
 Venezuela 156,092
 Nigeria 124,805
 Israel 94,857
 Saudi Arabia 88,735
 Philippines 81,371
 Poland 77,882
 Turkey 75,404
 Peru 69,982
 Vietnam 67,140
 Jamaica 66,523
 Guatemala 55,353
 Dominican Republic 53,569
 Pakistan 53,549
 Indonesia 47,535
 Egypt 47,387
 Costa Rica 47,155
 Hong Kong 46,844
 South Africa 46,682
 Thailand 42,780
 Ukraine 41,600

In fiscal 2014 most reasons to refuse a visa were cited as "failure to establish entitlement to nonimmigrant status", "incompatible application" (most overcome), "unlawful presence", "misrepresentation", "criminal convictions", "smugglers" and "controlled substance violators". Smaller number of applications were rejected for "physical or mental disorder", "prostitution", "espionage", "terrorist activities", "falsely claiming citizenship" and other grounds for refusal including "presidential proclamation", "money laundering", "communicable disease" and "commission of acts of torture or extrajudicial killings".[26]

Admission statistics[edit]

Number of non-immigrant admissions for tourists and business purposes into the United States in fiscal year 2013
  United States
  Over 2 million admissions
  Over 1 million admissions
  Over 500 thousand admissions
  Over 250 thousand admissions
  Over 100 thousand admissions
  Over 15 thousand admissions
  Under 15 thousand admissions

Highest number of non-immigrant admissions for tourists and business purposes into the United States in fiscal year 2013 was from the following countries (listed over 700,000 admissions):[27]

Country FY 2013
 Mexico 16,925,645
 United Kingdom 4,333,518
 Japan 4,051,814
 Canada 3,003,317
 Germany 2,212,435
 Brazil 2,035,737
 France 1,829,304
 China 1,623,290
 South Korea 1,454,738
 Australia 1,376,715
 Italy 1,133,189
 India 970,416
 Spain 858,402
 Colombia 773,375
 Venezuela 762,313
 Netherlands 741,859
 Argentina 707,863
Total (worldwide) 54,645,551

Use for other countries[edit]

US tourist visas that are valid for further travel are accepted as substitute visas for national visas in following countries:

  •  Albania — 90 days;
  •  Antigua and Barbuda — 30 days; USD 100 visa waiver fee applies.
  •  Belize — 30 days; USD 50 visa waiver fee applies.
  •  Chile — 90 days; for nationals of China only.
  •  Colombia — 90 days;
  •  Costa Rica — 30 days or less if the visa is about to expire; must hold a multiple entry visa.
  •  Dominican Republic — 90 days;
  •  El Salvador — 90 days; not applicable to all nationalities.
  •  Georgia — 90 days within any 180 day period;
  •  Guatemala — 90 days; not applicable to all nationalities.
  •  Honduras — 90 days; not applicable to all nationalities.
  •  Jamaica — 30 days; not applicable to all nationalities.
  •  Mexico — 180 days;[28][29]
  •  Montenegro — 30 days;
  •  Nicaragua — 90 days; not applicable to all nationalities.
  •  Panama — 30/180 days; must hold a visa valid for at least 2 more entries.
  •  Philippines — 7 days; for nationals of China and India only.
  •  Serbia — 90 days;
  •  Taiwan — certain nationalities can obtain an online travel authority if holding a valid US visa.
  •  Turkey — certain nationalities can obtain an electronic Turkish visa if holding a valid US visa.

Requirement to overcome presumption of intending immigrant[edit]

Under section 214(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, a foreigner must prove to the satisfaction of the Consular officer his or her intent to return to his home country after visiting the United States. The act specifically states:

[30]

In practice, this means that consular officers have wide discretion to deny a visa application. Once refused, there is no judicial or other means to challenge a visa decision. The foreigner, however, is free to apply for a visa again, particularly if circumstances have changed that might show to the consular officer that the applicant overcomes the presumption of being an intending immigrant.[31]

Uses of a B-1/B-2 visa[edit]

Business or pleasure cover a wide variety of possible reasons to visit the United States. Under the category of temporary visitor for business, it can be used to:

  • Negotiate and sign contracts
  • Purchase supplies or materials
  • Hold business meetings or attend/exhibit at a convention
  • Settle an estate
  • Interview and hire staff
  • Conduct research
  • Sit different types of exams and tests held inside the United States
  • Perform certain professional services.[32]

Under the category of temporary visitor for pleasure, a B-2 visa can be used to:

  • Travel within the U.S.
  • Visit family or friends
  • Participate in activities of a fraternal, social, or service nature
  • Obtain medical treatment

The B-2 visa can also be used by cohabiting (unmarried) partners of non-immigrant visa holders.[33]

Adjusted Visa refusal Rate[edit]

US B visa refusal rate
  United States
  Visa exempt countries
  Over 50%
  Over 40%
  Over 30%
  Over 20%
  Over 10%
  Over 5%
  Over 3%
  Under 3%

The Adjusted Visa Refusal Rate for fiscal year 2014 for B visas were:[34]

Country Rate 2008[35] Rate 2014
Afghanistan 51.0% 46.7%
Albania 38.7% 39.8%
Algeria 20.3% 23.1%
Angola 17.1% 21.4%
Antigua and Barbuda 21.7% 20.8%
Argentina 3.1% 1.4%
Armenia 53.3% 43.8%
Azerbaijan 14.0% 13.5%
Bahrain 6.6% 4.7%
Bangladesh 48.2% 50.8%
Barbados 10.1% 9.8%
Belarus 21.1% 14.0%
Belize 25.4% 16.4%
Benin 39.1% 31.4%
Bhutan 48.3% 43.6%
Bolivia 23.6% 13.6%
Bosnia-Herzegovina 21.3% 16.1%
Botswana 15.6% 16.9%
Brazil 5.5% 3.2%
Bulgaria 13.3% 15.2%
Burkina Faso 44.4% 37.4%
Burma 41.9% 15.5%
Burundi 58.8% 50.0%
Cambodia 44.3% 39.9%
Cameroon 46.7% 28.2%
Cape Verde 42.7% 28.7%
Central African Republic 39.6% 46.6%
Chad 41.4% 32.4%
China 18.2% 9.0%
Colombia 25.6% 12.3%
Comoros 14.0% 17.0%
Congo (Brazzaville) 33.2% 35.4%
Congo (Kinshasa) 36.2% 39.1%
Costa Rica 21.2% 11.4%
Côte d'Ivoire 40.9% 29.8%
Croatia 5.1% 6.1%
Cuba 45.2% 66.2%
Cyprus 1.7% 3.5%
Djibouti 42.5% 50.1%
Dominica 29.5% 29.0%
Dominican Republic 45.6% 35.9%
Ecuador 40.0% 20.8%
Egypt 35.3% 34.0%
El Salvador 45.7% 36.3%
Equatorial Guinea 11.1% 17.8%
Eritrea 51.1% 41.7%
Ethiopia 46.7% 44.9%
Fiji 38.0% 14.0%
Gabon 23.0% 13.5%
Georgia 46.6% 48.2%
Ghana 50.1% 59.8%
Grenada 29.9% 29.5%
Guatemala 33.8% 35.9%
Guinea 63.8% 47.8%
Guinea - Bissau 63.4% 56.5%
Guyana 56.6% 40.2%
Haiti 54.4% 58.2%
Honduras 33.6% 36.8%
Hong Kong 3.3% 3.1%
India 24.7% 19.8%
Indonesia 37.0% 8.3%
Iran 42.5% 41.8%
Iraq 46.3% 41.4%
Israel 3.0% 8.2%
Jamaica 35.5% 32.3%
Jordan 43.2% 26.9%
Kazakhstan 11.7% 9.9%
Kenya 35.6% 27.3%
Kiribati 26.2% 15.4%
Kosovo 47.9% 38.1%
Kuwait 6.5% 5.7%
Kyrgyzstan 32.1% 43.2%
Laos 73.4% 61.1%
Lebanon 27.9% 16.1%
Lesotho 32.1% 16.7%
Liberia 70.7% 49.4%
Libya 27.1% 33.9%
Macedonia 33.5% 29.8%
Madagascar 11.9% 11.6%
Malawi 28.9% 12.3%
Malaysia 5.6% 4.6%
Maldives 4.7% 6.7%
Mali 48.1% 54.0%
Mauritania 51.0% 52.2%
Mauritius 11.6% 2.2%
Mexico 11.4% 15.6%
Moldova 36.7% 40.1%
Mongolia 53.6% 27.9%
Montenegro 25.6% 28.0%
Morocco 24.0% 21.9%
Mozambique 13.8% 4.0%
Namibia 6.8% 7.6%
Nauru 66.7% 42.9%
Nepal 51.2% 38.2%
Nicaragua 41.8% 35.8%
Niger 55.7% 36.4%
Nigeria 36.0% 33.2%
Oman 2.2% 2.1%
Pakistan 46.3% 38.0%
Palestinian Authority 55.6% 36.7%
Panama 19.2% 10.0%
Papua New Guinea 3.4% 7.4%
Paraguay 14.4% 6.1%
People's Republic Of Korea 16.3% 55.6%
Peru 37.7% 13.8%
Philippines 31.0% 24.6%
Poland 13.8% 6.4%
Qatar 4.9% 2.1%
Romania 25.0% 9.8%
Russia 7.5% 7.8%
Rwanda 50.3% 51.1%
Samoa 32.4% 27.2%
Sao Tome And Principe 28.6% 10.7%
Saudi Arabia 6.6% 3.3%
Senegal 55.2% 57.5%
Serbia 11.7% 16.0%
Seychelles 18.0% 6.8%
Sierra Leone 50.1% 51.9%
Solomon Islands 6.5% 5.4%
Somalia 54.0% 52.0%
South Africa 4.6% 2.6%
South Sudan N/A 43.8%
Sri Lanka 31.4% 19.5%
St. Kitts And Nevis 25.0% 27.5%
St. Lucia 26.6% 27.6%
St. Vincent And The Grenadines 26.4% 24.1%
Sudan 38.6% 42.4%
Suriname 9.6% 13.6%
Swaziland 13.0% 10.0%
Syria 33.1% 60.0%
Tajikistan 32.4% 49.0%
Tanzania 26.2% 21.3%
Thailand 19.8% 10.2%
The Gambia 55.7% 69.3%
Timor-Leste 16.7% 25.0%
Togo 51.7% 35.6%
Tonga 48.7% 25.4%
Trinidad And Tobago 23.8% 21.2%
Tunisia 23.9% 17.5%
Turkey 11.2% 7.1%
Turkmenistan 45.4% 18.6%
Tuvalu 17.6% 27.3%
Uganda 34.4 37.2%
Ukraine 30.9% 27.7%
United Arab Emirates 10.4% 4.8%
Uruguay 9.5% 1.8%
Uzbekistan 61.1% 52.1%
Vanuatu 16.7% 20.0%
Vatican City 16.7% 7.7%
Venezuela 25.4% 15.2%
Vietnam 38.8% 14.3%
Yemen 54.7% 44.2%
Zambia 53.3% 22.2%
Zimbabwe 30.3% 13.2%

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fees for Visa Services". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2011-11-02. 
  2. ^ "Reciprocity by Country". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2011-11-02. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Difference between visa stamp and arrival departure record". immihelp.com. Retrieved 2011-11-02. 
  5. ^ "B-1 Temporary Business Visitor". USCIS. Retrieved 2011-10-24. 
  6. ^ "B Visa Overview | Immigration.Com - Law Offices of Rajiv S. Khanna, PC". Immigration.Com. Retrieved 2011-02-14. 
  7. ^ "Extend Your Stay". USCIS. Retrieved 2011-10-24. 
  8. ^ http://www.traveldocs.com/us/er.htm#bcc
  9. ^ Visa Reciprocity Tables
  10. ^ Single entry
  11. ^ Single entry
  12. ^ Double entry
  13. ^ Single entry
  14. ^ Single entry
  15. ^ Single entry
  16. ^ Single entry
  17. ^ Single entry
  18. ^ Double entry.
  19. ^ Single entry
  20. ^ Double entry.
  21. ^ Single entry
  22. ^ Double entry.
  23. ^ Except Australia and Taiwan.
  24. ^ [2]
  25. ^ Including Border Crossing Cards
  26. ^ [3]
  27. ^ 2013 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics
  28. ^ Countries and regions that require a visa to travel to Mexico, Instituto Nacional de Migración, September 27, 2013.
  29. ^ Timatic - Visa information for Mexico
  30. ^ "INA: ACT 214 - ADMISSION OF NONIMMIGRANTS". USCIS. 
  31. ^ "A 214(b) Denial: What it Means, What You Can Do." http://www.usvisalawyers.co.uk/article20.htm , website of Gudeon & McFadden law firm, accessed 22 September 2012.
  32. ^ "Working (Legally) on a Visitor's Visa or Visa Waiver Entry". Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
  33. ^ http://travel.state.gov/visa/laws/telegrams/telegrams_1414.html
  34. ^ Adjusted Refusal Rate 2014
  35. ^ [4]