Ba'ja

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Ba'ja
Ba'ja 01.jpg
Ba'ja, Excavation Area B
Location Jordan
Coordinates 30°24′49″N 35°27′41″E / 30.41361°N 35.46139°E / 30.41361; 35.46139
Ba'ja is located in Jordan
Ba'ja
Location of Ba'ja in Jordan
Areas B, E and TU 2
Walls in Area TU2

Ba'ja (Arabic: بعجة‎) is a Neolithic village 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) north of Petra, Jordan. Like the nearby site of Basta, the settlement was built in c. 7000 BC, during the PPNB (Pre-Pottery Neolithic B) period. Ba'ja lies at an altitude of around 1,160 metres (3,810 ft), and is only accessible with a climbing route through a narrow, steep canyon. [1]

Near the entrance to the site is Ba'ja I, an Islamic settlement with 2-3 layers of an older Nabataean settlement.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Hans Georg K. Gebel, J. M. Starck: Investigations into the stone age of the Petra area (Early Holocene research). A preliminary report on the 1984 campaigns. Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 29, 1985, S. 89–114
  • Hans Georg K. Gebel: Die Jungsteinzeit im Petra-Gebiet. In: M. Lindner (Hrsg.): Petra. Neue Ausgrabungen und Entdeckungen. Delp, München/Bad Windsheim 1986, S. 273–308
  • Hans Georg K. Gebel, Hans-Dieter Bienert: The 1997 Season at Ba'ja, Southern Jordan. Neo-Lithics 3/97, ex oriente, Berlin 1997, S. 14–18
  • Hans Georg K. Gebel, Hans-Dieter Bienert: Ba'ja hidden in the Petra Mountains. Preliminary results of the 1997 investigations. In: H. G. K. Gebel, Z. Kafafi, G. O. Rollefson (Hrsg.): The Prehistory of Jordan, II. Perspectives from 1997. Studies in Early Near Eastern Production, Subsistence, and Environment 4, ex oriente, Berlin 1997, S. 221–262.
  • Hans Georg K. Gebel, Bo Dahl Hermansen: Ba'ja hidden in the Petra Mountains, II. Preliminary results of the 1999–2000 investigations. In: H.-D. Bienert, H. G. K. Gebel, R. Neef (Hrsg.): Central Settlements in Neolithic Jordan. Studies in Early Near Eastern Production, Subsistence, and Environment 5. ex oriente, Berlin 2004
  • Hans-Dieter Bienert, Roland Lamprichs, Dieter Vieweger: Ba'ja. Archäologie einer Landschaft in Jordanien. Bericht über archäologische Feldforschungen. In: R. Eichmann (Hrsg.): Ausgrabungen und Surveys im Vorderen Orient. I Orient-Archäologie 5, M. Leideck, Rahden, 2002, S. 159–214