Baños de Montemayor

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Baños de Montemayor, Spain
Flag of Baños de Montemayor, Spain
Flag
Official seal of Baños de Montemayor, Spain
Seal
CountrySpain
Autonomous communityExtremadura
ProvinceCáceres
MunicipalityBaños de Montemayor
Area
 • Total21 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation
700 m (2,300 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total776
 • Density37/km2 (96/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Websitehttp://www.banosmontemayor.es[permanent dead link]

Baños de Montemayor (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈbaɲoz ðe montemaˈʝoɾ]) is a spa town located in the north of the province of Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain. The village is kwnon for its Roman-built baths. According to the 2017 census (INE), the village has a population of 774 inhabitants. Baños is located in the Ambroz Valley.

The village became a spa with the Latin name Aquae Caprense when the Romans built baths in what it was the middle of Vía de la Plata, although hot springs were known even before then.

History[edit]

The town has a Roman origin, as proven by the archaeological remains found in its historic center. Thus, roman ruins are preserved in the current spa (together with remains of medieval baths) and an inscription dedicated to the Caparenses nymphs.[2] Also it is possible to find a milestone from Trajan's[3] and another one from Hadrian's[4] as part of La Plata route that crosses the eastern part of the town. In addition, the bridge called "El Cubo" over the river Baños', has also a roman origin, remains of part of the arch and the pillars are conserved. It belonged to a secondary road, which, starting from the La Plata highway, took the west direction.[5]

Geography and environment[edit]

The geography of Baños is very uneven since it is surrounded by mountains of 850 to 1,200 meters high with abundant forests of chestnut trees and other native species. Its privileged location, at the back of the Ambroz Valley, means that Baños has a mild climate both in summer and in winter.

One of its main characteristics, derived from its situation at the head of a valley, is the abundance of water, finding numerous natural sources and springs both within the urban area and in the environment.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  2. ^ CIL II 883 = CPILCaceres 57 = CILCaceres 3, 932: Nymphis / Capar(ensium) / Trebia / Severa / v(otum) a(nimo) l(ibens) s(olvit)
  3. ^ CIL II 4673 = CPILCaceres 717 = MiliariosPlata 128 = CILCaceres 3, 951: [Imp(erator) Caesar] / [divi Nervae f(ilius)] / Nerva Traia/nus Aug(ustus) Germ(anicus) / pont(ifex) max(imus) / trib(unicia) pot(estate) p(ater) p(atriae) co(n)s(ul) / II restituit / [------
  4. ^ CIL II 6202a = MiliariosPlata 101 = CILCaceres 3, 952: Imp(erator) Caesar <D(ivi)> Traiani f(ilius) / divi Nervae nepos [Traianus] / Hadrianus <Aug(ustus)> pont(ifex) max(imus) / trib(unicia) pot(estate) V co(n)s(ul) restituit / [------
  5. ^ Comité español, Guillermo Fatás Cabeza e alii (1993). Tabula Imperrii Romani HOJA K-30:MADRID CESARAVGVSTA CLVNIA. Madrid MOPTYMA, IGN Ministerio de Cultura. ISBN 84-7819-047-3.

Coordinates: 40°19′5″N 5°51′27″W / 40.31806°N 5.85750°W / 40.31806; -5.85750