Bačišta

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Bačišta
Бачишта
Baçisht
Village
Bačišta is located in North Macedonia
Bačišta
Bačišta
Location within North Macedonia
Coordinates: 41°36′N 20°54′E / 41.600°N 20.900°E / 41.600; 20.900Coordinates: 41°36′N 20°54′E / 41.600°N 20.900°E / 41.600; 20.900
Country North Macedonia
RegionLogo of Southwestern Region, North Macedonia.svg Southwestern
MunicipalityCoat of arms of Kičevo Municipality.svg Kičevo
Population
 (2002)
 • Total772
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Car platesKI
Website.

Bačišta (Macedonian: Бачишта, Albanian: Baçisht) is a village in the municipality of Kičevo, North Macedonia. It used to be part of the former Zajas Municipality. The village has an Albanian school and a mosque.[1]

History[edit]

The village population consists of a traditionally Albanien Muslim speaking population that is surrounded by Muslim Albanian villages.[2] population is Albanian.[3] Common language and origin with Macedonian Christians does not play a role for a majority of Macedonian Muslims regarding self-identification which is based on common religion (Islam). [3] In the 1990s parents from Bačišta refused to send their children to the local village Macedonian language school and the introduction of Albanian schooling was attempted.[2][3] Inhabitants of Bačišta have claimed to be Macedonianized Albanians.[2] Blame on the linguistic and identity shift in the 1990s regarding Bačišta has been placed on the Albanian political party, the PDP and its Kičevo branch however the village has been neglected economically and developmentally over time.[2] In 1992 Albanian schooling until the 8th grade was introduced in Bačišta.[3]

Demographics[edit]

In statistics gathered by Vasil Kanchov in 1900, the village of Bačišta was inhabited by 450 Muslim Bulgarians.[4] The Yugoslav census of 1953 recorded 501 people of whom 407 were Albanians, 26 Macedonians, 1 Turks and 7 others.[1] The 1961 Yugoslav census recorded 527 people of whom 514 were Albanians, 4 Turks, 2 Macedonians and 7 others.[1] The 1971 census recorded 642 people of whom 612 were Albanians, 20 Turks, 2 Macedonian and 8 others.[1] The 1981 Yugoslav census recorded 646 people of whom 581 were Albanians, 34 Macedonians, 3 Turks, 13 Bosniaks and 15 others.[1] The Macedonian census of 1994 recorded 685 people of whom 684 were Albanians and 1 other.[1]

According to the 2002 census, the village had a total of 772 inhabitants.[5] Ethnic groups in the village include:[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Sherafedin Kaso (2005). The settlements with Muslim population in Macedonia. Logos-A. p. 19. ISBN 978-9989-58-155-7.
  2. ^ a b c d Friedman, Victor (1993). "Language Policy and Language Behavior in Macedonia: Background and Current Events". In Fraenkel, Eran; Kramer, Christina (eds.). Language Contact – Language Conflict (PDF). New York: Peter Lang. p. 98. ISBN 978-0700713790.
  3. ^ a b c d Telbizova-Sack, Jordanka (2005). "Eine Identität mit vielen Gesichtern? Die slawischen Muslime Makedoniens". In Keul, István (ed.). Religion, Ethnie, Nation und die Aushandlung von Identität(en): regionale Religionsgeschichte in Ostmittel- und Südosteuropa. Frank & Timme GmbH. ISBN 9783865960092. p. 56. "Für den großten Teil der makedonischen Muslime speilt die gemeinsame Herkunft und Sprache mit der makedonischen Mehrheit jedoch kaum eine Rolle. Wenn sie sich nach außen deklarieren müssen, geben sie sich - unter dem Hinweis, dass es im Islam keine Nationen gibt -liber als Türken oder Albaner aus."; p. 57. "Vor allem in den Siedlungsgebieten von Debar, südlich von Skopje und im Kičevska-Tal bestimmten sich die bezüglich ihrer ethnischen Identität tief verunsicherten Torbeschen bei den Volkszählungen von 1994 überwiegend als "Turken", ungeachtet der Tatsache, dass die Kenntnis der türkischen Sprache unter ihnen schwach oder überhaupt nicht vorhanden war. Eine schwächere Tendenz, in Richtung Bekenntnis zum albanischen Ethnikum, zeichnete sich in der südwestlichen Struga-Region (Dorf Labunište) sowie im Dorf Bačište (Kičevo-Gemeinde) ab." pp.57-58. In den südwestlichen Dörfern Labunište und Bačište, in denen sich die Bewohner zum Teil als Albaner bezeichen, gab es Versuche, die albanische Sprache als Unterichtssprache einzuführen."; p.58. "In Bačište wurde seit 1992 von der ersten bis zur achten Klassenstufe die albanische Sprache fakultativ eingeführt."
  4. ^ Vasil Kanchov (1900). Macedonia: Ethnography and Statistics. Sofia. p. 255.
  5. ^ a b Macedonian Census (2002), Book 5 - Total population according to the Ethnic Affiliation, Mother Tongue and Religion, The State Statistical Office, Skopje, 2002, p. 102.

External links[edit]