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Baal (// BAYL; sometimes spelled Bael, Baël (French), Baell, Buel) is one of the kings of Hell in 17th-century goetic occult writings. The name is drawn from the Canaanite deity Baal mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as the primary god of the Phoenicians.
In this hierarchy, Baal (usually spelt "Bael" in this context; there is a possibility that the two figures aren't connected) is ranked as the first and principal king of Hell, ruling over the East. According to some authors, Baal is a Duke with sixty-six legions of demons under his command. According to Johann Weyer's Pseudomonarchia daemonum, he has the power to make those who invoke him invisible or wise. In The Lesser Key of Solomon, specifically the Goetia, Bael only has the power to make men invisible.
During the English Puritan period, Baal was either compared to Satan or considered his main assistant. Some demonologists believe his power is stronger in October. The origin of Halloween in Samhain was believed to involve pagan worship and sacrifice to Baal.
While his Semitic predecessor was depicted as a man or a bull, the demon Baal, also according to the Pseudomonarchia daemonum, is said to appear in the forms of a man, cat, toad, or combinations thereof, and has a raspy voice when he speaks. An illustration in Jacques Collin de Plancy's 1818 book Dictionnaire Infernal placed the heads of the three creatures onto a set of spider legs.
- Peterson, Joseph, ed. (1999). "Of The Arte Goetia". Twilit Grotto Esoteric Archives.
- "BBC – Religions – Christianity: All Hallows' Eve". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
It is widely believed that many Hallowe'en traditions have evolved from an ancient Celtic festival called Samhain which was Christianised by the early Church
- “On November first was Samhain [Halloween]…Fires were built as a thanksgiving to Baal…” Source: (Kelley, Ruth Edna, The Book of Hallowe’en, Lothrop, Lee and Shepard Co. Boston, 1919)
- "Halloween & Baal Worship".
- "Halloween: The Eve of the Devil".
- Miller, Patrick (2000).Israelite religion and Biblical theology: collected essays. Continuum International Publishing Group, p. 32. ISBN 1-84127-142-X
- Weyer, Johann (2000). Peterson, Joseph (ed.). "Pseudomonarchia Daemonum". Twilit Grotto Esoteric Archives.
- Collin de Plancy, J.A.S. "Bael". Cornell Institute's The Fantastic in Art and Fiction.