Baasskap ([ˈbɑːskap]), literally "boss-ship" or "boss-hood", is an Afrikaans term that was used during apartheid to describe the social, political and economic domination of South Africa by its minority white population. The term is intimately connected to the English-language term "white supremacy" and functioned either as a description or an endorsement of white minority rule in South Africa.
Proponents of baasskap constituted the largest faction of apartheid ideologues in the National Party and state institutions. They applied racial segregation in a systematic way to "preserve racial purity" and to ensure that economic and political spheres were dominated by Afrikaners. However, proponents of baasskap were not necessarily opposed to black South African participation in the economy if black labour was controlled in a way that preserved the economic domination of Afrikaners.
Prominent proponents of baasskap included both J.G. Strydom, Prime Minister from 1954 to 1958, and C.R. Swart, Minister of Justice. Hendrik Verwoerd had sympathy for the "purist" faction of apartheid ideologues, which opposed economic integration of black South Africans in contrast to supporters of baasskap who wanted white domination but an integrated economy. Nonetheless, Verwoerd provided the hitherto-crude concept of baasskap with a veneer of intellectual respectability.
- "Verwoerd and his policies appalled me". News 24. Archived from the original on 2018-11-16. Retrieved 2018-04-28.
- Miller, Jamie (2016). An African Volk: The Apartheid Regime and Its Search for Survival. ISBN 9780190274832.
- Mathabane, Mark (10 November 2002). "The Threat That Apartheid Left Behind". Washington Post – via www.washingtonpost.com.
- T. Kuperus (7 April 1999). State, Civil Society and Apartheid in South Africa: An Examination of Dutch Reformed Church-State Relations. Palgrave Macmillan UK. pp. 83–84. ISBN 978-0-230-37373-0.
- The dictionary definition of baasskap at Wiktionary