Baath Dam

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Baath Dam
Tabaqah assad.jpg
Baath Dam (right), Tabqa Dam (centre), and Lake Assad (left) from space, June 1996. North is in the upper left corner of the image.
Baath Dam is located in Syria
Baath Dam
Location of Baath Dam in Syria
Official name سد البعث
Location Raqqa Governorate, Syria
Coordinates 35°53′07″N 38°44′50″E / 35.88528°N 38.74722°E / 35.88528; 38.74722Coordinates: 35°53′07″N 38°44′50″E / 35.88528°N 38.74722°E / 35.88528; 38.74722
Construction began 1983
Opening date 1986
Dam and spillways
Impounds Euphrates
Height 14 m (46 ft)
Reservoir
Creates Baath Dam Reservoir
Total capacity 0.09 km3 (0.02 cu mi)
Power Station
Installed capacity 81 MW

The Baath Dam (Arabic: سد البعث‎, lit. 'Dam of the Renaissance', Kurdish: Bendava Baas‎, Classical Syriac: ܣܟܪܐ ܕܒܥܬ‎, translit. Sekro d'Ba'ath) is a dam on the Euphrates, located 22 kilometres (14 mi) upstream from the city of Raqqa in Raqqa Governorate, Syria. Construction of the dam started in 1983 and was finished in 1986. It is intended to generate hydroelectric power as well as regulate the irregular flow from the Tabqa Dam, which is located 18 kilometres (11 mi) upstream from the Baath Dam. These irregularities in the flow from the Tabqa Dam are caused by changes in the electricity demand.[1] The Baath Dam is 14 metres (46 ft) high and the installed water turbines can generate 81 MW. The storage capacity of the Baath Dam Reservoir is 0.09 cubic kilometres (0.022 cu mi).[2]

The Baath Dam is one of three dams on the Syrian Euphrates, the other two being the Tabqa Dam, and the Tishrin Dam 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of the Syro-Turkish border. Like the Baath Dam, the Tishrin Dam is also functionally related to the Tabqa Dam. Construction of the Tishrin Dam was partly motivated by the disappointing performance of the hydroelectric power station in the Tabqa Dam.[3] Before the civil war, Syria had plans to construct a fourth dam – the Halabiye Dam – on the Euphrates, downstream from the Baath Dam.[4]

Syrian Civil War[edit]

The Baath Dam was captured from ISIL by the Syrian Democratic Forces on 4 June 2017. Upon doing so, they renamed it the "Freedom Dam" (Kurdish: Bendava Azadî; Arabic: سد الحرية‎; Classical Syriac: ܣܟܪܐ ܕܚܐܪܘܬܐ‎, translit. Sekro d'Ḥirutho).[5]

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