Baba Brinkman performing at the CUSP Conference, 2010, Chicago, IL
|Birth name||Dirk Murray Brinkman|
|Also known as||Baba Brinkman|
22 October 1978 |
Riondel, British Columbia, Canada
|Origin||Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada|
|Genres||Canadian hip hop|
|Occupation(s)||Poet, rapper, playwright|
Born in the remote community of Riondel, British Columbia, in a log cabin built by his parents, Brinkman is the eldest of three children of Joyce Murray, a Member of the Parliament of Canada, and Dirk Brinkman, Sr., who is notable for having founded the world's only private company responsible for planting more than one billion trees. Dirk Sr gave Brinkman the honorific nickname "Baba" at birth, because of his son's contemplative, Buddha-like expression. Brinkman's childhood was divided between Vancouver and the Kootenay region of British Columbia.
Education and Forestry Work
Brinkman spent his early summers in remote tree planting camps, and began planting trees himself at the age of 15. He worked for his parents' business, Brinkman & Associates Reforestation, for twelve seasons in British Columbia and Alberta, personally planting more than one million trees. During this period he also earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in English Literature from Simon Fraser University and a Master of Arts degree in Comparative Literature from the University of Victoria, Canada. He studied human evolution and primatology with the orangutan researcher Biruté Galdikas and wrote his thesis comparing modern Hip hop freestyle battling with The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer.
Brinkman first gained widespread media attention for his one-man show "The Rap Canterbury Tales," devised as a means of re-telling Chaucer's iconic stories for a modern audience. The show premiered at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe in 2004, and the following year Brinkman was sponsored by Cambridge University to perform the show in British secondary schools. The Rap Canterbury Tales was published as an illustrated paperback by Talon Books in 2006.
In 2011, Brinkman premiered "The Canterbury Tales Remixed" at the Soho Playhouse in New York City. The show combined material from Rapconteur with new adaptations of The Merchant's Tale, The Pardoner's Tale, and The Wife of Bath's Tale and was released as a full-length album in 2012.
In 2008, Brinkman was commissioned to write a new rap show about evolution by Professor Mark Pallen, microbiologist and author of The Rough Guide to Evolution. The result was "The Rap Guide to Evolution," a hip hop homage to Charles Darwin which Brinkman first performed in Britain for the Darwin bicentennial in February 2009. Because the lyrics were fact-checked for scientific accuracy, Professor Pallen calls it "the first peer-reviewed rap". Brinkman cites Richard Dawkins, David Sloan Wilson, Jared Diamond, Geoffrey Miller, and E. O. Wilson as his influences in writing the show.
The Rap Guide to Evolution premiered at the 2009 Edinburgh Festival Fringe, winning a Fringe First Award from The Scotsman for best new theatre writing. In 2010 the UK's largest biomedical charity, the Wellcome Trust, provided grant funding for Brinkman to make a series of educational music videos based on the show, as a resource for biology teachers. The Rap Guide to Evolution completed a five-month Off-Broadway theatre run in November 2011, for which Brinkman received a 2012 Drama Desk Award nomination for Outstanding Solo Performance, losing to Irish actor Cillian Murphy.
Brinkman has performed selections from The Rap Guide to Evolution on The Rachel Maddow Show and at the Seattle Science Festival, sharing the stage with Jurassic Park palaeontologist Jack Horner and British physicist Stephen Hawking.
In 2010 Brinkman produced a "Rationalist Anthem" called "Off That," attacking various forms of pseudoscience. The song was inspired by the Jay Z track of the same name, which is featured on The Blueprint 3 album. The video for Brinkman's unauthorized remix was released as part of an online science music festival called Geek Pop and was popular with atheist blogs.
Brinkman followed up his Darwin tribute with a sequel show specifically about evolutionary psychology, "The Rap Guide to Human Nature," which premiered at the Edinburgh Fringe in 2010. The album features "peer review" phone messages from David Buss, Olivia Judson, and David Sloan Wilson commenting on the science content in Brinkman's lyrics. In 2012 "Human Nature" was adapted into a theatre production, "Ingenious Nature," which ran off-Broadway from November 2012 through January 2013.
In March 2012, Brinkman was announced as a songwriter-in-residence at the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS) and spent a month at the University of Tennessee Knoxville as a guest of the Institute, along with DJ and music producer Jamie Simmonds. Brinkman later released "The Infomatic EP," a collection of hip-hop songs inspired by computational biology.
Brinkman's next play, "Rap Guide to Religion," premiered at the 2014 Edinburgh Fringe, before transferring to the Soho Playhouse for an off-Broadway run in October 2014. The production ran for seven months and was a Time Out New York and New York Times Critics' Pick, as well as receiving a 2015 Drama Desk Award nomination in the category "Unique Theatrical Experience". The show explores theories from the cognitive science of religion and promotes religious naturalism, prompting American Humanist Association magazine to refer to Brinkman as “atheism’s best salesman”.
In 2015, Brinkman was commissioned by Arizona State University and Dr. Randolph Nesse to write and produce an album entitled "The Rap Guide to Medicine", which communicates themes from evolutionary medicine. Dr. Nesse said of the finished project: "This is amazing. I won't need to teach my course, I’ll just have students listen to the album!" The album includes songs about Mendelian disease, parasitology, somatic evolution in cancer, mismatch theory, and senescence.
In 2014 and 2016, Brinkman attended the Science of Consciousness conference in Tucson, AZ, performing a “Rap Up” or daily rap summary of the conference talks on Neuroscience and Philosophy of Mind. Computational neuroscientist Anil Seth saw Brinkman’s performances and proposed they collaborate on a new show about the neuroscience of consciousness. Brinkman premiered “Rap Guide to Consciousness” at the 2017 Brighton Fringe, Winnipeg Fringe and Edinburgh Fringe to critical acclaim. The show explores several neurobiological theories of consciousness, including Global Workspace Theory, Integrated Information Theory, and Predictive Coding, as well as the Philosophical Zombie, Free Will, Materialism, and Memetics.
Environment and Ecology Rap
Brinkman was commissioned by the WILD Foundation to produce "The Rap Guide to Wilderness" in 2014. The album was critically acclaimed and features songs about biodiversity, extinction, conservation, habitat loss and trophic cascade.
In 2015 Brinkman’s play “Rap Guide to Climate Chaos" premiered at the Edinburgh Fringe, followed by performances at the COP21 United Nations Climate Change Conference. “Climate Chaos” went on to play off-Broadway for six months in 2016, and featured Michael E. Mann, Gavin Schmidt, Naomi Oreskes and Bill Nye as talkback speakers. Bill Nye also features on the album version of “Climate Chaos”, rapping the chorus of the track “What’s Beef”, which remixes a Notorious B.I.G. song to discuss climate change denial. “Rap Guide to Climate Chaos” summarizes the science, politics, and economics of climate change and advocates for a global carbon tax as part of the solution.
In 2016, after the election of Donald Trump, Brinkman worked with Wesleyan University professor Gary Yohe, a senior contributor to the IPCC and co-recipient along with Al Gore of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize, to produce a new song and video entitled “Erosion”, summarizing data from the National Climate Assessment on the US-based physical impacts of climate change.
Brinkman and his wife, the neuroscientist Dr. Heather Berlin, co-wrote and performed in a science comedy variety show entitled "Off The Top" at the Edinburgh Fringe in 2014, 2015, and 2017 about the neuroscience of improvisation and freestyle rap.
The Rap Guide to Evolution won the National Center for Science Education's 2013 Friend of Darwin Award. The show is controversial primarily for its open criticism of creationism and the essentialist elements of its discussion of natural selection. Teachers have also expressed concern about Brinkman's use of strong language and anti-religious sentiments in his educational performances and videos.
Brinkman himself has been described as an "evangelical atheist" and has blogged about his encounters with creationists, both in educational settings and within his own family. He also performed in support of the Military Association of Atheists & Freethinkers "Rock Beyond Belief" concert alongside Richard Dawkins at Fort Bragg, NC in 2012.
Ingenious Nature was reviewed unfavourably, and Brinkman received criticism for "singling out women in the audience, pointing at them, and rapping about their ovulation cycles," among other things.
The song "Tranquility Bank" from The Rap Guide to Wilderness received a hostile response from some environmentalists because of its assertion that urban living is better for the environment than back-to-the-land movements.
2004: The Rap Canterbury Tales
2008: The Rebel Cell (co-written with Dizraeli)
2009: The Rap Guide to Evolution
2010: The Rap Guide to Human Nature
2011: The Canterbury Tales Remixed
2012: Ingenious Nature
2014: The Rap Guide to Religion
2015: The Rap Guide to Climate Chaos
2004: The Rap Canterbury Tales
2008: Mine the Gap (Mud Sun)
2008: The Rebel Cell (Mud Sun)
2009: The Rap Guide to Evolution
2009: Apocalyptic Utopian Dreams in the Western Wilderness
2010: The Rap Guide to Human Nature
2011: The Rap Guide to Evolution: Revised
2011: The Rap Guide to Business
2012: The Canterbury Tales Remixed
2012: The Infomatic EP
2014: The Rap Guide to Wilderness
2015: The Rap Guide to Medicine
2015: The Rap Guide to Religion
2016: The Rap Guide to Climate Chaos
2017: The Rap Guide to Consciousness
The Rap Canterbury Tales, Talon Books 2006
"The Speciation of Rap" The Evolutionary Review, Volume 2, March 2011
"Finding 'God' in the Female Orgasm" The Evolutionary Review, Volume 3, May 2012
"Darwin On The Mic" Evolution: International Journal of Organic Evolution, Volume 69, Issue 5
- New York Times Article “Paying Homage to Darwin in an Unconventional Format: Rap”
- The Walrus Article “The Money Tree”
- Skepchick Article “Interview with Baba Brinkman”
- Energy Wire Article “Meet Baba Brinkman”
- Vancouver Magazine Article “Fresh Prince of East Van”
- Brinkman & Associates Millionaire’s Circle
- Birute Galdikas Twitter
- Rap Canterbury Tales General Prologue
- Rap Scholar
- Melbourne Age Article “The Rap Canterbury Tales Review”
- Los Angeles Times Article “Yo, just call him Chaucer’s homie”
- BBC News Article “Chaucer’s Tales Become Rap Songs
- Talon Books Website
- Scotsman Article “Rapconteur Review”
- Broadway Baby Article “Rapconteur Review”
- What’s On Stage Article “Rapconteur Review”
- Backstage Article “Canterbury Tales Remixed Review”
- Laughing Squid Article “The Canterbury Tales Remixed Album has Been Released”
- The Tyee Article “Listen to This!”
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-08-16. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- NIMBioS “Baba Brinkman Announced as Songwriter-in-Residence
- BC Musician Magazine Article “Baba Brinkman – BC’s Raconteur”
- British Theatre Guide “The Rap Guide to Religion”
- New York Times Article “Rap Guide to Religion”
- The Humanist Article “Atheism’s Best Salesman”
- ASU Center for Evolution and Medicine Article “Peer Reviewed Rap”
- Baba Brinkman “The Rap Guide to Medicine”
- New York Times Article “Science of Consciousness Conference”
- University of Sussex Press Release
- The Scotsman Fringe Interview
- Evening Standard Review of Rap Guide to Consciousness
- Broadway Baby Review of Rap Guide to Consciousness
- Baba Brinkman “The Rap Guide to Consciousness”
- Baba Brinkman “The Rap Guide to Wilderness”
- Wild Foundation Article
- Audubon Article “Rap Guide to Wilderness Review”
- Technician Online Article “The Rap Guide to Wilderness
- Mother Nature Network Article
- The Stage “Climate Chaos” Review
- Scotsman “Climate Chaos” Theatre Review
- The Skinny “Climate Chaos” Review
- New York Observer “Meet the Guy Raising Awareness About Climate Change Through Hip Hop
- Popular Science Article “Rap Guide to Climate Chaos Review”
- Pataphysical Science “Q&A with Baba Brinkman”
- XXL Magazine “Bill Nye the Science Guy Raps on Baba Brinkman’s ‘What’s Beef’”
- Huffington Post Article “This Guy Raps About Climate Change, and Bill Nye Loves Him”
- Wesleyan Newsletter on Gary Yohe and Baba Brinkman
- Medium Article “This Canadian Rapper Schooled Trump on Climate Science”