Baba ghanoush

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Baba ghanoush
Baba ganoush closeup.jpg
CourseAppetizer
Place of originLevant
Associated national cuisineIraq, Armenia,[1] Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Egypt, and Turkey
Main ingredientsEggplant, olive oil

Baba ghanoush (UK: /ˌbɑːbə ɡæˈnʃ/, US: /- ɡəˈnʃ, - ɡəˈnʒ/;[2][3][4] Arabic: بابا غنوج‎, romanizedbābā ġannūj), also spelled baba ganoush or baba ghanouj,[2][3][4][5] is a Levantine appetizer of mashed cooked eggplant mixed with tahini (made from sesame seeds), olive oil and various seasonings.[4][5]

The traditional preparation method is for the eggplant to be baked or broiled over an open flame before peeling, so that the pulp is soft and has a smoky taste.[6][page needed] It is a typical meze (starter), often eaten as a dip with pita bread, and is sometimes added to other dishes.[5]

Etymology[edit]

The bābā is an Arabic word that means "father" and is also a term of endearment, while ġannūj could be a personal name.[3] The word combination is also interpreted as "father of coquetry" or "indulged/pampered/flirtatious daddy" or "spoiled old daddy".[2][5][7] It is not certain whether the word bābā refers to the eggplant or to an actual person indulged by the dish.[8]

Mutabbal
Baba ganoush and pita.jpg
Mutabbal and pita bread
CourseAppetizer
Place of originLevant
Main ingredientsEggplant, olive oil

Varieties[edit]

The Persian Gulf versions vary slightly from that of its home of origin by spicing it with coriander and cumin.[7]

In Israel, it is also known as salat ḥatzilim, although a variation with that name made with mayonnaise instead of tahini is also widely available.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.thearmeniankitchen.com/2011/11/baba-ghanoush.html
  2. ^ a b c "baba ghanouj". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "baba ghanouj" (US) and "baba ganoush". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b c "Baba ghanoush". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d Gil Marks (2010). "Baba Ghanouj". Encyclopedia of Jewish Food. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
  6. ^ Khayat, Marie Karam; Keatinge, Margaret Clark. Food from the Arab World, Khayats, Beirut, Lebanon.
  7. ^ a b Salloum, Habeeb (2012-02-28). The Arabian Nights Cookbook: From Lamb Kebabs to Baba Ghanouj, Delicious Homestyle Arabian Cooking. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 9781462905249.
  8. ^ Marks, Gil (2010-11-17). Encyclopedia of Jewish Food. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 0544186311.
  9. ^ Levy, F. Feast from the Mideast (2003) p.41.

Bibliography[edit]