Babb, Montana

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Babb, Montana
Census-designated place
The mountains of Glacier National Park rising to the west over Babb
The mountains of Glacier National Park rising to the west over Babb
Babb is located in Montana
Babb
Babb
Babb is located in the US
Babb
Babb
Coordinates: 48°51′37″N 113°26′9″W / 48.86028°N 113.43583°W / 48.86028; -113.43583Coordinates: 48°51′37″N 113°26′9″W / 48.86028°N 113.43583°W / 48.86028; -113.43583
Country  United States
State  Montana
County Glacier
Area
 • Total 9.56 sq mi (24.76 km2)
 • Land 9.49 sq mi (24.57 km2)
 • Water 0.07 sq mi (0.19 km2)
Elevation 4,524 ft (1,379 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 174
 • Density 18/sq mi (7.1/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 59411
FIPS code 30-03250
GNIS feature ID 802006

Babb is a small unincorporated farming and ranching community in Glacier County, Montana, United States, on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation. The community experiences a large influx of tourist in the summer months as it is the gateway to the Many Glacier area of Glacier National Park. Babb is a census-designated place (CDP) and had a population of 174 at the 2010 census.[1]

Community infrastructure includes one school (Babb Elementary School), a U.S. Post Office, a fire station that houses the Babb/St. Mary Volunteer Fire Department, Thronson's General Store and Motel, several restaurants, two churches, and a gas station.

Nearby attractions include Glacier National Park, the Many Glacier Hotel, the St. Mary River, the St. Mary Irrigation Canal, Chief Mountain, and the U.S. ports of entry of Piegan and Chief Mountain.

Nearby attractions[edit]

Many Glacier[edit]

Many Glacier is an area within Glacier National Park that is accessed through Babb. It is located on the east side of the park, north of the Going-to-the-Sun Road. Lake Sherburne is the large lake in the area, and the Many Glacier Hotel, the largest hotel within the park, is along the shore of the adjacent Swiftcurrent Lake. The Many Glacier Hotel and surrounding buildings are a National Historic Landmark, with original construction dating back to 1915. Many Glacier is surrounded by the high peaks of the Lewis Range, and numerous hiking trails can be accessed from the area. The region is noted for numerous lakes, waterfalls, and dense coniferous forests interspersed with alpine meadows. Major sites in the immediate vicinity that can be accessed by trails include Lake Josephine, Grinnell Lake, the Grinnell Glacier, Cracker Lake, Granite Park Chalet, the Iceberg Cirque, and the Ptarmigan Tunnel, a hiking tunnel carved through the mountainside during the 1930s. Tour boats allow visitors an opportunity to venture onto Swiftcurrent Lake. Other activities in the region include ranger guided nature hikes, horseback riding, fishing and camping

Many Glacier Hotel was built in 1914. Today, the hotel still maintains its historic character, in part by not placing televisions in guest rooms. Most rooms either have views of Swiftcurrent Lake or the surrounding mountain scenery. Facilities include the Ptarmigan Dining room, the Swiss Room Lounge and Interlaken Lounge, Heidi's Snack Shop, and Grizzly Track Traders Gift Shop. The hotel is a contributing property in the National Historic Landmark, Great Northern Railway Buildings district. Many Glacier Hotel is a member of Historic Hotels of America, the official program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.[2] The main attractions in the area include hiking, boat rides or rentals, or simply enjoying the western environment that Many Glacier provides.

St. Mary River[edit]

The St. Mary River is a north-flowing tributary to the Oldman River in Alberta, itself a tributary of the South Saskatchewan River. The Saint Mary together with the Belly River and Waterton River drain a small portion of Montana, in the United States, to the Hudson Bay watershed in Canada. The river rises as a stream on Gunsight Mountain in Glacier National Park and flows into Gunsight Lake, then into Saint Mary Lake, exits the park and flows on into Lower St. Mary Lake in the Blackfeet Indian Reservation. The outlet at the north end of Lower St. Mary Lake is 1 mile (1.6 km) south of Babb. From the reservation, the St. Mary River flows north into Alberta and the St. Mary Reservoir. It flows into the Oldman River which eventually reaches the Saskatchewan River.

Chief Mountain[edit]

Chief Mountain (also called "Old Chief Mountain") is located northwest of Babb on the border of Glacier National Park and the Blackfeet Indian Reservation. The mountain is one of the most prominent peaks and rock formations along the Rocky Mountain Front, a 200-mile-long (320 km) overthrust fault, known as the Lewis Overthrust, which extends from central Montana into southern Alberta.

The Chief Mountain Border Station and Quarters is a customs/immigration station on the United States-Canada border in Glacier County, Montana. Located on Montana Highway 17 18 miles (29 km) northwest of Babb, the station is operated seasonally, primarily for tourist traffic between Glacier National Park in Montana and Waterton Lakes National Park in Alberta. The station is named after Chief Mountain, described above. The station is located within the boundaries of Glacier National Park and is a notable example of the National Park Service Rustic style. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography[edit]

Babb is located in northwestern Glacier County in the valley of the St. Mary River at an elevation of 4,524 feet (1,379 m) above sea level and at latitude 48.8603 north, longitude 113.4358 west. U.S. Route 89 passes through the community, leading north 10 miles (16 km) to the Canadian border at Piegan and south 9 miles (14 km) to St. Mary. Many Glacier Road leads west from Babb 5 miles (8 km) to the border of Glacier National Park at the east end of Lake Sherburne and continues west 7 miles (11 km) to the Many Glacier Hotel.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Babb CDP has a total area of 9.6 square miles (24.8 km2), of which 9.5 square miles (24.6 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.78%, is water.[1]

History[edit]

Established in 1905 as a post office, the town of Babb was named for Cyrus C. Babb, the engineer in charge of surveying the U.S. Reclamation Service's St. Mary Irrigation Canal, which siphoned water from the St. Mary River into the Milk River and was one of the first Bureau of Reclamation projects in the nation.[2]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Babb, Montana (Elevation 4,524ft)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 62
(17)
70
(21)
69
(21)
85
(29)
88
(31)
92
(33)
96
(36)
99
(37)
94
(34)
84
(29)
77
(25)
70
(21)
99
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 29.8
(−1.2)
34.4
(1.3)
40.1
(4.5)
50.8
(10.4)
60.6
(15.9)
67.7
(19.8)
76.2
(24.6)
75.4
(24.1)
65.3
(18.5)
55.8
(13.2)
41.9
(5.5)
33.5
(0.8)
52.6
(11.4)
Average low °F (°C) 6.7
(−14.1)
10.6
(−11.9)
16.7
(−8.5)
26.3
(−3.2)
34.4
(1.3)
40.7
(4.8)
44.2
(6.8)
42.9
(6.1)
36.3
(2.4)
30.1
(−1.1)
20.0
(−6.7)
11.2
(−11.6)
26.7
(−2.9)
Record low °F (°C) −54
(−48)
−53
(−47)
−39
(−39)
−18
(−28)
2
(−17)
20
(−7)
27
(−3)
21
(−6)
−3
(−19)
−20
(−29)
−31
(−35)
−48
(−44)
−54
(−48)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.83
(21.1)
0.74
(18.8)
0.99
(25.1)
1.50
(38.1)
2.65
(67.3)
3.52
(89.4)
1.79
(45.5)
1.87
(47.5)
1.93
(49)
1.05
(26.7)
0.83
(21.1)
0.82
(20.8)
18.53
(470.7)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 10.3
(26.2)
9.0
(22.9)
10.5
(26.7)
7.5
(19.1)
2.4
(6.1)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2.9
(7.4)
4.9
(12.4)
7.7
(19.6)
9.0
(22.9)
64.5
(163.8)
Source: The Western Regional Climate Center[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Babb CDP, Montana". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 22, 2016. 
  2. ^ Montana Placenames: From Alzada to Zortman, p. 11. Montana Placenames Companion Website
  3. ^ "Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Information". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved April 13, 2013. 

External links[edit]