Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Chris Noonan|
|Based on||The Sheep-Pig
by Dick King-Smith
|Narrated by||Roscoe Lee Browne|
|Music by||Nigel Westlake|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Box office||$254.1 million|
Babe is a 1995 Australian-American comedy-drama film directed by Chris Noonan, produced by George Miller, and written by both. It is an adaptation of Dick King-Smith's 1983 novel The Sheep-Pig, also known as Babe: The Gallant Pig in the USA, which tells the story of a pig who wants to be a sheepdog. The main animal characters are played by a combination of real and animatronic pigs and Border Collies.
The film was a box office success and grossed $36,776,544 at the box office in Australia. It has received considerable acclaim from critics: it was nominated for seven Academy Awards including Best Picture, Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay, winning Best Visual Effects. It also won the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and the Saturn Award for Best Fantasy Film.
Babe, an orphaned piglet, is chosen for a "guess the weight" contest at a county fair. The winning farmer, Arthur Hoggett, brings him home and allows him to stay with a sweet and gentle Border Collie named Fly, her gruff mate Rex and their playful puppies, in the barn.
A duck named Ferdinand, who poses as a rooster to spare himself from being eaten, persuades Babe to help him destroy the alarm clock that threatens his mission. Despite succeeding in this, they wake Duchess, the Hoggetts' mean cat, and in the confusion accidentally destroy the living room. Rex sternly instructs Babe to stay away from Ferdinand (now a fugitive) and the house. Sometime later, when Fly's puppies are put up for sale, Babe asks if he can call her "Mom", to which she agrees.
Christmas brings a visit from the Hoggetts' relatives. Babe is almost chosen for Christmas dinner but a duck is picked instead after Arthur remarks to his wife Esme that Babe may bring a prize for ham at the next county fair. On Christmas Day, while the Hoggetts' adorable but spoiled granddaughter throws a tantrum over the hand-crafted dollhouse Arthur made for her (saying that she wanted "the house she saw on television"), Babe justifies his existence by alerting Arthur to sheep rustlers stealing sheep from one of the fields. The next day, Arthur sees Babe sort the hens, separating the brown from the white ones. Impressed, he takes him to the fields and allows him to try and herd the sheep. Encouraged by an elder ewe named Maa, the sheep cooperate, but Rex sees Babe's actions as an insult to sheepdogs and angrily confronts Fly in a vicious fight for encouraging Babe. He brutally injures her leg and accidentally bites Arthur's hand when he tries to intervene. Rex is then chained to the dog house, muzzled and sedated, leaving the sheep herding job to Babe.
One morning, Babe is awakened by the sheep's cries and sees three dogs attacking them. Though he manages to scare them off, Maa is mortally injured and dies as a result. Arthur arrives and, thinking that Babe mauled her, prepares to shoot him. Fly is so anxious to find out whether he is guilty or innocent that, instead of barking orders at the sheep, she talks to them to find out what happened. Learning the truth, she barks to distract Arthur, delaying him until Esme mentions that the police say feral dogs have been killing sheep on neighboring farms and asks him in confusion why he has taken his rifle out.
When Esme leaves on a trip with her friends, Arthur signs Babe up for a local sheepherding competition. As it is raining the night before, Arthur lets him and Fly into the house. However, Duchess scratches him when he tries to speak to her, so Arthur immediately confines her outside. When she is let back in later, she gets revenge on Babe by revealing that humans eat pigs. Horrified, he runs out to the barn and learns from Fly that this is true. The next morning, Fly discovers that Babe has run away. She and Rex alert Arthur and they all search for him. Rex finds him in a cemetery and Arthur brings him home. However, he is still demoralized and refuses to eat. Arthur gives him a drink from a baby bottle, sings to him "If I Had Words" and dances a jig for him. This restores Babe’s faith in Arthur's affection and he begins eating again.
At the competition, Babe meets the sheep that he will be herding, but they ignore his attempts to speak to them. As Arthur is criticized by the bemused judges and ridiculed by the public for using a pig instead of a dog, Rex runs back to the farm to ask the sheep what to do. They give him a secret password, first extracting a promise that he will treat them better from now on. He returns in time to convey the password to Babe, and the sheep now follow his instructions flawlessly. Amid the crowd’s acclamation, he is unanimously given the highest score. While he sits down next to the farmer, Arthur praises him by saying, "That'll do, Pig. That'll do", ending the film.
- James Cromwell as Arthur Hoggett
- Magda Szubanski as Esme Cordelia Hoggett
- Brittany Byrnes as The Hoggetts' granddaughter
- Wade Hayward as The Hoggetts' grandson
- Paul Goddard as the Hoggetts' son-in-law
- Zoe Burton as the Hoggetts' daughter
- Voice actors
- Roscoe Lee Browne as the Narrator
- Christine Cavanaugh as Babe
- Miriam Margolyes as Fly, Arthur's female Border Collie
- Hugo Weaving as Rex, Arthur's lead sheepdog
- Danny Mann as Ferdinand, a white Indian Runner duck
- Miriam Flynn as Maa, an old ewe on Hoggett Farm
- Russi Taylor as Duchess, the Hoggetts' cat
- Michael Edward-Stevens as The Horse
- Charles Bartlett as The Cow
- Evelyn Krape as Old Ewe
- Paul Livingston as Rooster
- John Erwin as a TV Commentator
According to actor Cromwell, there was tension on the set between producer Miller and director Noonan. Noonan later complained, "I don't want to make a lifelong enemy of George Miller but I thought that he tried to take credit for Babe, tried to exclude me from any credit, and it made me very insecure... It was like your guru has told you that you are no good and that is really disconcerting."
Miller shot back, “Chris said something that is defamatory: that I took his name off the credits on internet sites, which is just absolutely untrue. You know, I’m sorry but I really have a lot more to do with my life than worry about that... when it comes to Babe, the vision was handed to Chris on a plate.”
The musical score for Babe was composed by Nigel Westlake. Classical orchestral music by 19th-century French composers is used throughout the film, but is disguised in a variety of ways and often integrated by Westlake into his score. The theme song "If I Had Words" (lyrics by Jonathan Hodge), sung by Hoggett near the film's conclusion, is an adaptation of the Maestoso final movement of the Organ Symphony by Camille Saint-Saëns, and was originally performed in 1977 by Scott Fitzgerald and Yvonne Keeley. This tune also recurs throughout the film's score.
It was nominated for seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture. It won the award for Best Visual Effects, defeating Apollo 13. In 2006, the American Film Institute named Babe #80 on its list of America's Most Inspiring Movies.
Because of its subject being a piglet, Babe was initially banned from Malaysia in order to avoid upsetting or annoying Muslims, who view pigs as haram, although the ruling was overturned almost a year later and the film was released direct-to-video.
When Babe was released in the USA, it is reported that "activists around the country staked out movie theatres with flyers documenting the real life abuses of pigs". The film had a marked effect on the growth of vegetarianism, particularly among the young. It also promoted a more sympathetic view of the intellectual, emotional and social capacities of animals. James Cromwell became an ethical vegan as a result of starring as Farmer Hoggett, saying, "I decided that to be able to talk about this [movie] with conviction, I needed to become a vegetarian." In 1996 he went on to organize a vegetarian dinner for the Los Angeles homeless at a “Compassionate Christmas” event in order to reverse the barnyard view that "Christmas is carnage".
- 68th Academy Awards
- Best Picture for Bill Miller, George Miller and Doug Mitchell (lost to Braveheart)
- Best Director for Chris Noonan (lost to Mel Gibson for Braveheart)
- Best Adapted Screenplay for George Miller and Chris Noonan (lost to Sense and Sensibility)
- Best Actor in a Supporting Role for James Cromwell (lost to Kevin Spacey for The Usual Suspects)
- Best Art Direction for Roger Ford and Kerrie Brown (lost to Restoration)
- Best Film Editing for Marcus D'Arcy and Jay Friedkin (lost to Apollo 13)
- Best Visual Effects for Scott E. Anderson, Charles Gibson, Neal Scanlan and John Cox (Won)
- 53rd Golden Globe Awards
- 23rd Saturn Awards
- American Film Institute Lists
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies - Nominated
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs - Nominated
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes and Villains:
- Babe - Nominated Hero
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes:
- "That'll do, pig. That'll do." - Nominated
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers - #80
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) - Nominated
- AFI's 10 Top 10 - Nominated Fantasy Film
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- "Babe (1995)". Boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- Chanko, Kenneth M. (1995-08-18). "This Pig Just Might Fly | Movies". EW.com. Retrieved 2010-05-31.
- "Interview with Chris Noonan", 9 September 1999 accessed 19 November 2012
- "Robertson – New South Wales – Australia". Melbourne: The Age. 2008-04-10. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
- Film Victoria - Australian Films at the Australian Box Office
- "Leap of faith". The Sydney Morning Herald. 26 January 2007.
- Film Score Monthly 53-64, Los Angeles CA 1995, page 70
- ""Babe" Soundtrack Listing". CD Universe. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- "Babe Movie Reviews, Pictures". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on 21 June 2010. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- Siskel & Ebert week of February 16, 1996 on YouTube on YouTube
- "Reviews:Babe". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. 4 August 1995. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- AFI's 100 Years... 100 Cheers. American Film Institute. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- Gogoi, Pallavi (5 November 2006). "Banning Borat". Businessweek.com. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- Hudson, Laura Elaine (ed.) The Apocalyptic Animal of Late Capitalism, University of California 2008, p.108 ISBN 9781109061604. Retrieved 2 March 2014
- Nobis, Nathan. "The Babe Vegetarians", in Bioethics at the Movies, Johns Hopkins University 2009 pp.56-70. ISBN 9780801890789.Retrieved 2 March 2014
- Smith, Scott, A Pig's Best Friend, Vegetarian Times, November 1998, p.20. ISSN 0164-8497.
- Vegetarian Times, March 1997 p.24. ISSN 0164-8497.
- "Academy Awards, USA: 1996". awardsdatabase.oscars.org. Archived from the original on 27 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
- "The 68th Academy Awards (1996) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-05.
- "Award Search". www.goldenglobers.org. Archived from the original on 5 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies Nominees
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs Nominees
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes and Villains Nominees
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes Nominees
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) Ballot
- AFI's 10 Top 10 Ballot
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