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Babiana sambucina 1.jpg
B. sambucina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Ixioideae
Tribe: Ixieae
Genus: Babiana
Ker Gawl.
Type species
Babiana plicata
Ker Gawler
  • Acaste Salisb. not validly published
  • Anaclanthe N.E.Br.

Babiana Ker Gawler /ˌbæbiˈænə/[2] is a genus of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae composed of about 80 recognized species. The majority of these species are endemic to the Cape Provinces of South Africa, especially Namaqualand, as well Namibia, Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe.[1][3]

The genus name is derived from the Dutch word baviaan, referring to the Chacma baboon, Papio ursinus, that consumes the corms of plants in the genus.[4]

One species, Babiana stricta, is widely cultivated as an ornamental.[2]


formerly included[1]


  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ a b Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  3. ^ Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. (2007). A revision of the southern African genus Babiana, Iridaceae: Crocoideae. Strelitzia 18: 1-98. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  4. ^ Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 175–78. ISBN 0-88192-897-6. 

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