Babiker Awadalla

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Babiker Awadalla
بابكر عوض الله
Babiker Awadalla 1960s.jpg
Awadalla in the 1960s
8th Prime Minister of Sudan
In office
25 May 1969 – 27 October 1969
PresidentGaafar Nimeiry
Preceded byMuhammad Ahmad Mahgoub
Succeeded byGaafar Nimeiry
Personal details
Born(1917-03-02)2 March 1917
Gitena, White Nile, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
Died17 January 2019(2019-01-17) (aged 101)
Dublin, Republic of Ireland
Political partyIndependent

Babiker Awadalla (Arabic: بابكر عوض الله‎; 2 March 1917 – 17 January 2019) was a Sudanese Arab nationalist politician who was Prime Minister of Sudan from 25 May 1969 to 27 October 1969.

Early life and education[edit]

Awadalla was born in the White Nile State on 2 March 1917.[1] In 1940, he graduated from the Gordon Memorial College law school.[2]

Career[edit]

Awadalla held the position of Speaker of the lower house of the Sudanese legislature from 1954 to 1957.[3][4] In 1964, he provided the drive to start the October Revolution by siding against the military in charge of Sudan.[5] After the revolution, he became Sudan's Chief Justice in 1964.[4] In 1967, Awadalla resigned from his position as Chief Justice in protest of the government's refusal to reinstate the Sudanese Communist Party, which the nation's courts had held to be unconstitutionally banned from parliament.[6]

Cabinet[edit]

Awadalla with leaders coup of May 1969

Awadalla was part of the coup of May 1969 that started Gaafar Nimeiry's presidency.[7]

In Gaafar Nimeiry's military cabinet, Awadalla was the only civilian member on the governing council.[7] Awadalla was selected as both Prime Minister and Foreign Minister on 25 May 1969. His position as Prime Minister ended on 27 October 1969 and he kept his position as Foreign Minister until 1971. After finishing his previous positions, Awadalla held the positions of Deputy Prime Minister and Justice Minister in 1971. Next he was Vice President of Sudan from 1972 to 1973.[1]

United Nations[edit]

During a General Assembly meeting on 23 September 1969, Awadalla warned that the United States's decision of supporting Israel during the Arab-Israel conflict could provoke the use of nuclear weapons in the Middle East.[8]

Later life and death[edit]

After 1972 Awadalla moved to Egypt, and later Dublin, Ireland, where he was reported to be living in May 2017.[9] Awadalla died on 17 January 2019, at the age of 101 of natural causes.[10][11]

Awadalla was the oldest living former head of state or government from the death of Đỗ Mười of Vietnam, on 1 October 2018, to his own death. He was succeeded by Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lentz, Harry M. (2013). Heads of States and Governments. Routledge. pp. 712–713. ISBN 1884964443. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  2. ^ Massoud, Mark Fathi (2013). Law's Fragile State: Colonial, Authoritarian, and Humanitarian Legacies in Sudan. pp. 73–74. ISBN 9781107026070. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  3. ^ http://www.parliament.gov.sd/ar/index.php/site/presdentInfoPage/18
  4. ^ a b Kramer, Robert S.; Lobban Jr., Richard A.; Fluehr-Lobban, Carolyn (2013). Historical Dictionary of the Sudan (4th ed.). pp. 76–77. ISBN 9780810861800. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  5. ^ Gretton, George (August 1968). "The Law and the Constitution in the Sudan". The World Today. 24 (8): 314–323. JSTOR 40394155.
  6. ^ Halliday, Terence C.; Karpik, Lucien; Feeley, Malcolm M., eds. (2012). Fates of Political Liberalism in the British Post-Colony: The Politics of the Legal Complex. p. 201. ISBN 9781107012783. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Sudanese Ousted". The Kansas City Times. 30 May 1972. p. 10. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
  8. ^ Besser, Milton (24 September 1969). "Egypt, Sudan Charge U.S. Blocking Peace". The San Bernardino County Sun. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  9. ^ "الأحداث نيوز » مصطفى عبد العزيز البطل يكتب.. في سيرة بابكر عوض الله (1-2)". alahdathnews.com (in Arabic). Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ https://www.alnilin.com/13013889.htm
Political offices
Preceded by
Muhammad Ahmad Mahgoub
Prime Minister of Sudan
Sudan

1969
Succeeded by
Gaafar Nimeiry
Records
Preceded by
Đỗ Mười
Oldest living state leader
1 October 2018 – 17 January 2019
Succeeded by
Yasuhiro Nakasone