Babil Governorate

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Babil Governorate
محافظة بابل
Babylon Province
Governorate
Location of Babil Governorate
Coordinates: 32°37′N 44°33′E / 32.617°N 44.550°E / 32.617; 44.550Coordinates: 32°37′N 44°33′E / 32.617°N 44.550°E / 32.617; 44.550
Country  Iraq
Capital Hillah
Area
 • Total 5,119 km2 (1,976 sq mi)
Population (2013 Estimate)
 • Total 1,950,000

Babil Governorate or Babylon Province[1][2][3] (Arabic: بابل Bābil‎) is a governorate in central Iraq. It has an area of 5,603 square kilometres (2,163 sq mi), with an estimated population of 1,385,783 people in 2003. The provincial capital is the city of Hillah, which lies opposite the ancient city of Babylon (بابل), on the Euphrates river.

Government[edit]

  • Governor: Sadiq Madlool Hamad Jasim (Elected April 20, 2013; 6th Governor of Babylon)
  • Deputy Governor: Wisam Asslan S'oud Mashhad
  • Provincial Council Chairman (PCC): Ra'ad Hamza Alwan Abbood

History[edit]

The ancient city of Babylon in present-day Babylon Province was the capital of ancient Babylonia, situated on the Euphrates river south of Baghdad, Iraq.

The city was occupied from the 3rd millennium BC but became important early in the 2nd millennium under the kings of the First Dynasty of Babylon. The sixth king of this dynasty was Hammurabi (1792–1750 BC) who made Babylon the capital of a vast empire and is best remembered for his code of laws.

The city achieved pre-eminence when Nebuchadnezzar II (605–562 BC) extended the Babylonian Empire over most of Western Asia.

Economy[edit]

The province is primarily agricultural, has very fertile soils, and is extensively irrigated with water from the Hilla branch of the Euphrates River, also known as the Hilla River.[4]

Geography[edit]

Map of Babil Governorate showing districts

Babylon province is located between 32° to 33.25° North latitude and 44° to 45° East longitude.[4] The area is arid to semi-arid and its mean annual rainfall is highly varied ranging from 50 millimetres (2 in) or less to 200 millimetres (8 in).[4] Temperatures in the summer can reach as high as 50°C, and winters are generally mild.[4]

Districts[edit]

Cities[edit]

Postal codes[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Parkinson, Jennifer Ann, ed. (1997). "Iraq". Irrigation in the Near East Region in Figures. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). p. 103. ISBN 978-92-5-103969-4. 
  2. ^ Mohammad, Mohammad Hadi (2012). "Prevalence of Bovine Sarcocystosis in Babylon province (مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الطبية البيطرية)". Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences 3 (2): 78–83. 
  3. ^ Al-Morshidy, Kassim A. H. and Al-Amari, Moayed J. Y. (2015). "Detection of parasitic contamination in Hilla city drinking water / Babylon province/ Iraq" (PDF). Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences 9 (3): 80–84. 
  4. ^ a b c d Manii, Jwad K. (2014). "Using GIS to study the probability pollution of surface soil in Babylon province, Iraq" (PDF). IOSR Journal of Applied Geology and Geophysics (IOSR-JAGG) 2 (1): 14–18. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 August 2015. 

External links[edit]