Babil Governorate

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Babil Governorate
محافظة بابل
Babylon Province
View of the ruins of Babylon from Saddam Hussein's Palace
View of the ruins of Babylon from Saddam Hussein's Palace
Location of Babil Governorate
Coordinates: 32°37′N 44°33′E / 32.617°N 44.550°E / 32.617; 44.550Coordinates: 32°37′N 44°33′E / 32.617°N 44.550°E / 32.617; 44.550
Country Iraq
 • Total5,119 km2 (1,976 sq mi)
 (2018 Estimate)
 • Total2,065,042
HDI (2017)0.677[1]

Babil Governorate or Babylon Province[2][3] (Arabic: محافظة بابلMuḥāfaẓa Bābil) is a governorate in central Iraq. It has an area of 5,119 square kilometres (1,976 sq mi), with an estimated population of 2,065,042 people in 2018. The provincial capital is the city of Hillah, which lies opposite the ancient city of Babylon (بابل), on the Euphrates river.


The ancient city of Babylon in present-day Babylon Province was the capital of ancient Babylonia, situated on the Euphrates river south of Baghdad, Iraq.[4]

The city was occupied from the 3rd millennium BC but became important early in the 2nd millennium under the kings of the First Dynasty of Babylon. The sixth king of this dynasty was Hammurabi (1792–1750 BC) who made Babylon the capital of a vast empire and is best remembered for his code of laws.

The city achieved pre-eminence when Nebuchadnezzar II (605–562 BC) extended the Babylonian Empire over most of Western Asia.

Bestowing this name on the province is a manifestation of the policy of modern Iraq to link itself to the history of pre-Islamic Mesopotamia.

In 1991 Babil Governorate was the center of a Shia uprising.[4]


Map of Babil Governorate showing districts

Babylon province is located between 32° to 33.25° North latitude and 44° to 45° East longitude.


The Babil Governorate is divided into four districts:[4]


Postal codes[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. ^ Parkinson, Jennifer Ann, ed. (1997). "Iraq". Irrigation in the Near East Region in Figures. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). p. 103. ISBN 978-92-5-103969-4.
  3. ^ Mohammad, Mohammad Hadi (2012). "Prevalence of Bovine Sarcocystosis in Babylon province (مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الطبية البيطرية)". Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences. 3 (2): 78–83.
  4. ^ a b c "Babil Governorate Profile" (PDF). NGO Coordination Committee for Iraq (NCCI). 15 July 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 October 2015.

External links[edit]