Babruvahana (1977 film)
|Directed by||Hunsur Krishnamurthy|
|Produced by||K. C. N. Chandrashekhar|
|Screenplay by||Hunsur Krishnamurthy|
|Music by||T. G. Lingappa|
|Edited by||P. Bhaktavatsalam|
|Distributed by||Rajkamal Arts|
Babruvahana is a 1977 Indian Kannada epic mythological film directed by Hunsur Krishnamurthy . The film stars Rajkumar in a dual role as Arjuna and his son Babruvahana, the titular character alongside an ensemble supporting cast that includes B. Saroja Devi, Kanchana, Jayamala, Vajramuni, Thoogudeepa Srinivas and Ramakrishna.
The film narrates the story of Babruvahana, the son of Arjuna and Chitrangada, and the events that lead to him waging a war against his own father so as to restore his mother's honour. This was the first Kannada movie and seventh Indian movie to be based on Babruvahana.
The film won two awards at the 1976–77 Karnataka State Film Awards — Best Actor (Rajkumar) and Best Sound Recording (S. P. Ramanathan). The movie saw a theatrical run of 25 weeks. The movie was dubbed in Telugu as Arjuna Garvabhangam. It was also dubbed in Hindi as Veer Arjun in 1977.
The story starts at Indraprasta where Pandavas are ruling after the partition of Hastinapura. On one occasion Arjuna accidentally breaches privacy of his elder brother Yudhistira and Draupadi when they are together. To repent for this he decides to go on Vanavasa. While in the Manipura kingdom he impresses the princess Chitrangada by hunting a Tiger by Shabdavedhi (non-visual archery). The princess falls for Arjuna and accepts him as her husband.
While bathing in river Arjuna is abducted by Uluchi, the princess of Nagaloka. She admits her feelings for Arjuna and they marry in Gandharva vivaha. Krishna uses his magical powers to bring Arjuna back from Nagaloka. He meets up with Chitrangada and they marry in Gandharva vivaha giving birth to a son, Babruvahana.
Krishna, with the help of Ghatotkacha brings back Arjuna from Manipura and wipes his memory of both the wives - Chitrangada and Uluchi. He says his sister, Subhadra is eligible for marriage and Balarama wishes Duryodhana to be married to her. With the help of Krishna, Arjuna disguises himself as a sanyasi and elopes with Subhadra.
Years pass by and the Pandavas are victorius in Mahabharata war. They organise Ashwamedha yaga to establish sovereignty over the subcontinent. Arjuna spearheads the campaign along with Karna's son, Vrishaketu and conquers kingdoms after kingdom. The scorned queen of one of the defeated kings vows revenge on Arjuna and forces Ganga to curse Arjuna for killing the latter's son Bhishma. Ganga curses Arjuna that he will die at the hands of his own son.
Babruvahana has grown up to become the ruler of Manipura kingdom and surpasses his father Arjuna in archery. Pandavas' Ashwamedha horse enters the kingdom of Manipura. Babruvahana must either accept sovereignty of Pandavas over the region and pay a tribute or defeat Arjuna in battle. Upon learning from his mother that Arjuna is his biological father, Babruvahana goes to Pandavas' camp to offer his submission and to accept Arjuna as his father. Arjuna, who cannot remember Chitrangada insults Babruvahana by calling his mother a woman of loose morals.
Thus the battleground is set for a clash between the forces of Arjuna and Babruvahana. On the first and second days of the battle Babruvahana holds off Arjuna's forces with ease and kills Vrishaketu. On the third day, Arjuna and Babruvahana meet face to face on the battlefield. Chitrangada serves as charioteer of Arjuna whereas Ulichi becomes charioteer of Babruvahana. Babruvahana kills Arjuna and effectively ends their Ashwamedha Yaga. Uluchi reveals herself to be Ganga in disguise who was there to witness her curse reap fruits. Uluchi advises Babruvahana to revive Arjuna using Sanjeevani-mani from Nagaloka.
As Chitrangada is lamenting over Arjuna's death, Takshak decapitates Arjuna's corpse and take his head to Nagaloka. Krishna with the help of his Sudharshan Chakra defeats Takshak's henchmen and brings back the severed head of Arjuna. Using the Sanjeevani-mani which Babruvahana got from Nagaloka, Arjuna is revived. Lord Krishna then revives all the soldiers who died in the battle. Arjuna unites with his wife Chitrangada and accepts Babruvahana as his son.
|Rajkumar||Arjuna and Babruvahana||Arjuna: An ace archer and third of the Pandava brothers. He met Chitrangada during his exile and married her which did not last long due to an evil plot by his wife Uloopi. He is the father of Babruvahana.
Babruvahana: The son of Arjuna and Chitrangada. Babruvahana succeeded his maternal grandfather as the ruler of Manipur. He later goes to visit his father only to be insulted and taunted by the former causing him to wage a war against his father and eventually kill him.
|B. Saroja Devi||Chitrāngadā||The daughter of the King of Manipur,she is one of Arjuna's consorts and the mother of Babruvahana. She meets Arjuna during his exile.|
|Kanchana||Uloopi (voice dubbed by B. Jayashree)||The daughter of Kauravya, the King of Nagas, she is the second wife of Arjuna, who separated him from Chitrangada.|
|Jayamala||Subhadra||The younger sister of Lord Krishna and wife of Arjuna.|
|Ramakrishna||Krishna||Elder brother of Subhadra and Arjuna's friendly charioteer.|
|Vajramuni||Vrishaketu||The youngest son of Karna, Arjuna has a great affection for him.|
|Thoogudeepa Srinivas||Takshaka||King of Nagas who was driven away from along with his race from their homeland by Arjuna.|
|Sampath||Kauravya||Uloopi's father and the King of Nagas|
|Soundtrack album by|
|Genre||Feature film Soundtrack|
|1||"Ninna Kanna Notadalle"||P. B. Sreenivas|
|2||"Ee Samaya Anandamaya"||Rajkumar, S. Janaki|
|5||"Yaaru Thiliyaru Ninna Bhujabalada"||P. B. Sreenivas, Rajkumar|
The film had a phenomenol run of 175 days in several centres across Karnataka. The film had a 100 days run in Chennai while the Telugu dubbed version also completed a 100 days run in Andhra Pradesh.
- 1976–77 Karnataka State Film Awards
- Ashish Rajadhyaksha; Paul Willemen (10 July 2014). Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-135-94325-7. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
- "Dr. Rajkumar films box office performance". chitratara.com. 7 April 2007. Archived from the original on 17 July 2007. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- Cinestaan. "Veer Arjun". cinestaan.com. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
- "Babruvahana(1977) Censor Report". movies.syzygy.com. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
- jb007 (6 April 2018). "Rajkumar films". sandalwoodking.rocks. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
- Vishwas Mysuru (1 February 2019). "Dr Rajkumar Personal Life and Filmography". sandalwoodking.rocks. Retrieved 30 January 2020.