Babusar Pass

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Babusar Pass
درہ بابوسر
Northern 2013 6.JPG
Elevation4,173 m (13,691 ft)
Traversed byPakistan N-15.svg N-15 National Highway
LocationKaghan Valley, Mansehra District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Coordinates35°8′46.46″N 74°2′53.41″E / 35.1462389°N 74.0481694°E / 35.1462389; 74.0481694Coordinates: 35°8′46.46″N 74°2′53.41″E / 35.1462389°N 74.0481694°E / 35.1462389; 74.0481694
Babusar Pass is located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Babusar Pass
Location in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Babusar Pass is located in Pakistan
Babusar Pass
Location in Pakistan
Babusar Pass
View from Babusar Top

Babusar Pass or Babusar Top (Urdu: درہ بابوسر) (elevation 4,173 metres or 13,691 feet)[1][2] is a mountain pass in Pakistan at the north of the 150 km (93 miles) long Kaghan Valley, connecting it via the Thak Nala with Chilas on the Karakoram Highway (KKH). It is the highest point in Kaghan Valley that can be easily accessed by cars.

The Babusar Pass connects Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with Gilgit-Baltistan.[3] It is one of the most dangerous routes in Pakistan. Every year, many deaths happen here due to the mountainous slopes, which are among the most dangerous in the world. The most common reason for death is the brake failure of cars due to inexperience.[3] Babusar Top was originally known as Babur Top, originating from the fact that the Mughal emperor Babur used to pass through this area in the early 16th century. Nowadays however, it is commonly referred to as Babusar Top.[4]


The Kaghan Valley is at its best during summer (from May to September). In May, the maximum temperature is 11 °C (52 °F) and the minimum temperature is 3 °C (37 °F). From the middle of July up to the end of September the road beyond Naran is open right up to the Babusar Pass. However, movement is restricted during the monsoon and winter seasons. The Kaghan area can be accessed by road via the cities of Islamabad or Peshawar.


The mountain ranges which enter the Mansehra District from Kashmir are the offshoots of the great Himalayan system. In the Kaghan Valley, the mountain system is the highest of the area including the Babusar Top. This range flanks the right bank of the Kunhar River, and contains a peak called Malika Parbat, which is over 17,000 feet high,[5] and is the highest in the valley.[6]

On the mountains the grasslands are also found where Gujjars and other nomads migrate during the summer for grazing by their sheep, goats and other animals. On the north side, there are mountains which are the extension of the same mountain system as that of the Kaghan mountains. This range diverges from the eastern side at Musa ka Musalla, a peak at an elevation of around 13,500 feet, which skirts the north end of the Bhogarmang and Konsh valleys, and sends down a spur to divide the two. Here also, like Kaghan, thick forests are naturally present, especially on the higher slopes. However, due to extensive exploitation, the thick forests are now usually found in the unapproachable areas.

Babusar Pass
National Highway N-15 has abrupt direction changes which is a challenge for drivers who use this route to reach Gilgit

See also[edit]


A monument showing brief information on the route and distances from Babusar Top to various locations.
View of Babusar Valley from the top of Babusar Pass.
  1. ^ Shaikh, Ismail (2015-12-04). "From Germany to Layyah: Pakistani completes 10,000km journey on bicycle". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 2022-07-23.
  2. ^ Ali, Salman (2019-07-23). "Mansehra-Naran-Chilas Road: a drive through an earthly Paradise". Daily Times. Retrieved 2022-07-23.
  3. ^ a b Nagri, Jamil (2017-07-18). "Tourist spot in Gilgit-Baltistan claims 21 lives this summer". Dawn. Retrieved 2022-07-23.
  4. ^ "Travelling to Gilgit Baltistan via Babusar Pass". Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  5. ^ Zaman, Fahim (2020-11-29). "DEATH OF A RIVER". Dawn. Retrieved 2022-07-23.
  6. ^ "The great ascent: Danish diplomat, local climber scale Malika Parbat". The Express Tribune. 2012-08-02. Retrieved 2022-07-23.