Babuyan Claro Volcano

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Babuyan Claro Volcano
Mount Pangasun
Babuyan islands en.png
Highest point
Elevation843 m (2,766 ft) [1]
Prominence843 m (2,766 ft)
ListingActive volcanoes in the Philippines
Coordinates19°31′24″N 121°56′24″E / 19.52333°N 121.94000°E / 19.52333; 121.94000Coordinates: 19°31′24″N 121°56′24″E / 19.52333°N 121.94000°E / 19.52333; 121.94000[2]
Babuyan Claro is located in Luzon
Babuyan Claro
Babuyan Claro
Babuyan Claro is located in Philippines
Babuyan Claro
Babuyan Claro
RegionCagayan Valley
Age of rock2.32+/-0.35 Ma -- 1480+/-50 B.P
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Volcanic arcBabuyan (Bashi) Segment of Luzon-Taiwan Arc
Last eruption1860

Babuyan Claro Volcano, also known as Mount Pangasun, is a volcano located on Babuyan Island, the northernmost of the Babuyan group of islands in Luzon Strait, north of the main island of Luzon in the Philippines. It is classified as one of the active volcanoes of the country with the last confirmed eruption in 1860.[2]

The volcano is politically located in the similarly-named Barangay of Babuyan Claro, in the Municipality of Calayan, Cagayan province, in the Cagayan Valley Region (Region II) of the country.

Physical features[edit]

Babuyan Claro is a stratovolcano with an elevation of 843 meters (2,766 ft) and a base diameter of about 8 kilometers (5.0 mi) located in the center of Babuyan Island (also referred to as Babuyan Claro Island).[1][3] It has four morphologically-fresh volcanic edifices: Mt. Cayonan in the south, Mt. Naydi and Mt. Dionisio in the southeast. Babuyan Claro has two very well-preserved craters 300 and 400 meters (980 and 1,310 ft) in diameter.[2]

The Askedna Hot Spring is located at the southern basal slope of Babuyan Claro. It has a temperature range of 44.6 to 50.2 °C (112.3 to 122.4 °F). The water is slightly acidic and the silica content is relatively high since the spring flows directly from lava flow deposits. The spring water can be classified as near-neutral sodium chloride brine.[1]


Babuyan Claro has two confirmed historical eruptions: in 1831 and 1860. The eruption on 1913 is listed as uncertain by the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution while the 1917 eruption is confirmed as an eruption of Smith Volcano. Eruptions on Babuyan Claro is determined as probably strombolian or phreatomagmatic by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology.[1]

Recent reported activity[edit]

In July 1993, there were reports of earthquakes and alleged drying up of vegetation at the upper slopes and summit area of the volcano but volcanologists said the earthquakes were of tectonic in origin and there was no significant change in the volcanic activity.[1]

In February 2004, there were reports of grayish steam clouds hovering above the summit but volcanologists from PHIVOLCS said the seismic swarm was of tectonic origin and the steaming activity was only wispy to weak.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Babuyan Claro". Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS). Retrieved 2013-12-26.
  2. ^ a b c "Babuyan Claro". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2009-12-30.
  3. ^ Base diameter measured using Google Earth as the data at PHIVOLCS is incorrect at 0.820 meters (2 ft 8.3 in).