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Babylonia spirata shell.jpg
Babylonia spirata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Muricoidea
Family: Babyloniidae
Kuroda, T., T. Habe & K. Oyama, 1971
Genera and species
See text
  • Dipsaccinae P. Fischer, 1884
  • Eburninae Swainson, 1840
  • Latrunculinae Cossmann, 1901

Babyloniidae is a taxonomic family of predatory sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks within the superfamily Muricoidea.[1]


Three family-group names are older than Babyloniidae. Swainson based his concept of Eburninae on species of Babylonia, but he misidentified Eburna, the type species of which belongs to the family Olividae; under Art. 41 of the Code, the case should be resolved by the ICZN. Dipsaccinae and Latrunculinae are based on junior synonyms of Babylonia, none of which has been used in recent decades. However, Latrunculus has sporadically been used as valid shortly after 1899 (e.g. by Cossmann 1901 when he established the subfamily name), so that Babyloniidae cannot be protected automatically under ICZN Art. 23.9 (Reversal of precedence). The case has to be submitted to the ICZN to conserve the name Babyloniidae. [Bouchet & Rocroi 2005]

Genera and species[edit]

Genera and species within the Babyloniidae are as follows:

Genera brought into synonymy
  • Dipsaccus H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Eburna Lamarck, 1801
  • Galanthis Gistel, 1848: synonym of Babylonia Schlüter, 1838
  • Latrunculus Gray, 1847: synonym of Babylonia Schlüter, 1838
  • Peridipsaccus Rovereto, 1900: synonym of Babylonia Schlüter, 1838


  • Fraussen K. & Stratmann D. (2013) The family Babyloniidae. In: G.T. Poppe & K. Groh (eds), A conchological iconography. Harxheim: Conchbooks. 96 pp., pls 1-48.
  1. ^ Bouchet, P. & Rocroi, J.-P. (2005). "Classification and Nomenclator of Gastropod Families". Malacologia. 47 (1-2).