Neomolina brachyphylla (A.Gray) F.H.Hellw.
Baccharis brachyphylla is a North American species of shrubs in the daisy family, known by the common name Shortleaf baccharis or false willow. It is native to the southwestern United States (southern California, southern Nevada, Arizona, southern New Mexico, and western Texas) and northern Mexico (Baja California, Chihuahua, Sonora). It grows in desert habitats such as arroyos and canyons.
This is a shrub producing erect, branching green stems up to a meter tall. The leaves are linear or thinly lance-shaped and less than 2 centimetres (0.79 in) long. The inflorescence is a wide array of flower heads. A dioecious species, the male and female plants produce different flower types which are similar in appearance. The flowers and foliage are glandular. Female flowers yield fruits which are ribbed achenes, each with a fuzzy body 2–3 millimetres (0.079–0.118 in) long and a pappus about 5 millimeters long.
- The Plant List, Baccharis brachyphylla A.Gray
- Flora of North America, Shortleaf baccharis or false willow, Baccharis brachyphylla A. Gray, Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 5(6): 83. 1853.
- Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
- Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins. 1964. Vegetation and Flora of the Sonoran Desert 2 vols. Stanford University Press, Stanford.
- Calflora taxon report, University of California, Baccharis brachyphylla A. Gray, Short leaved Baccharis, short leaved baccharis, shortleaf baccharis
- Jepson Manual Treatment for Baccharis brachyphylla
- United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile of Baccharis brachyphylla
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