Bachelor of Architecture

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The Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.) is a bachelor's degree designed to satisfy the academic requirement of practising architecture around the world.


Architectural education in Australia varies depending on the university offering the course. All Australian architecture schools and programs have recently moved to some variation on the 3 + 2 Bologna model, with a three-year undergraduate degree, followed by a two-year course-work based Master of Architecture professional degree. Some universities also require 6–12 months of practice work experience between the two degrees. Registration as an architect is via state-based boards and requires a minimum of two years practice experience under the supervision of a registered architect. In addition there are double degrees offered by many universities, such as those combining architecture with construction or landscape architecture. Some universities also offer masters programs in architecture via coursework or research. Many architecture faculties offer related programs in landscape architecture, urban planning, urban design, property and construction. Entry to Australian architecture programs is highly competitive and the proportion of students at some architecture schools from outside Australia is very high, up to 40%.

Universities in Australia offering professionally accredited architecture programs:

Institutions in Australia offering other programs in architecture:


In Bangladesh Bachelor of Architecture (B. Arc) is a 5 years professional undergraduate degree. Some of the well known private and public universities with departments of architecture include:


B.Arch. lasts for five years in China. Only universities that pass the architectural assessment from the Academic Degrees Committee Of The State Council can award the B.Arch. degree, other universities can only award the

Until 05.2016,Sort by the time of pass


In France, architectural education is offered in various independent schools of architecture, both private and public. The first step of architectural education is the Diploma of Studies in Architecture, a three-year non- professional degree. This degree does not allow registration as an architect, awardees must pursue a Master of Architecture in order to obtain vocational qualification.


In India, the Bachelor of Architecture lasts for 5 years. Specialised institutes founded by the Government of India, for excellence in the field of architecture and planning are Schools of Planning and Architecture. They are Institutes of National Importance through an act in the Parliament, on the lines of IITs, NITs and IIMs.

Currently, there are three such SPAs, with the Ministry of Education mulling over setting up more such institutes.

Private institutes offering courses in architecture include the following:


Architectural education is available as a five-year long Bachelor of Architecture degree, or as a combination of a three-year or four-year Bachelor of Science in Architecture followed by a Master of Architecture that lasts one to two years.

After completing a degree programme or programmes of study accredited by the Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland, to become a registered architect a person must gain two years of practical experience working with a registered architect and must pass the Professional Practice Examination, in order to apply.[4]

The following universities accredited by the RIAI offer a Bachelor of Architecture degree programme:

The following institutes accredited by the RIAI offer Bachelor of Science in Architecture and Master of Architecture degree programmes:


Architectural education is offered in five universities, B.Arch. lasts for five years in Israel (apart from the Technion which is split into B.Sc and M.Arch degrees and lasts for six years). Only universities that pass the architectural assessment from the Council for Higher Education in Israel, can award the B.Arch. degree.


Architectural education is offered in various universities as a four-year program. The language of the program depends on the university.

United Arab Emirates[edit]

The American University of Sharjah is the first university outside of North America to offer a B.Arch. that is officially accredited by the US-based National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB).[5]

Other universities where UAE students enrol are:

United Kingdom[edit]

Architectural education differs slightly in the United Kingdom. A five-year course used to exist in a similar fashion to the United States, but the 1960s saw the introduction of the sandwich course and a split of the B.Arch. into a 3-year BA (Hons.) degree (or in some cases BSc) followed by a year working in practice, after which a 2-year MA, PG-DipArch, M.Arch. or B.Arch. is completed. A further year of work completes the student's education upon the passing of Part III final examinations (See below). Registration as an architect is then permissible by the Architects Registration Board. Many UK universities offer postgraduate programs by coursework and research in architecture and related fields such as landscape architecture, planning, and urban design.

The RIBA three-part examinations[edit]

In effect, for most students to become an architect in the United Kingdom they must pass or be exempted from parts I,II and III of the RIBA's examinations. Completion of the three-year BA or BSc gives an exemption from Part I. Completion of the two-year DipArch, M.Arch. or B.Arch. gives exemption from Part II and the final two years of supervised practical training, with supplemental examinations and assignments, makes up the requirements for Part III.

An alternative route to qualification exists by sitting the exams directly - currently this administered by Oxford Brookes University on behalf of the RIBA.

Studying architecture in the UK[edit]

Universities offering architecture courses validated by the Royal Institute of British Architects in the UK (some offering only some parts of the three parts required):[6]

International schools validated by the RIBA[edit]

Several universities outside of the UK offer architecture courses like ADU validated by the Royal Institute of British Architects at part I and part II level.[7] For students who want to study outside of the UK, the RIBA recognized courses offer the advantage of internationally recognized degrees, and other benefits, such as the possibility of RIBA membership.[8][9]

United States[edit]

The Bachelor of Architecture is accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB) as a professional degree, allowing the recipient to qualify for the Architect Registration Examination (ARE). NAAB-accredited B.Arch. programs must include at least 150 semester credit hours, or the quarter-hour equivalent, of which at least 45 semester hours, or the quarter-hour equivalent are in general studies.

There are also universities that offer a four-year degree such as a Bachelor of Science in Architectural Studies or a Bachelor of Science in Architecture (B.S.Arch) or a Bachelor of Arts in Architectural Studies (B.A.Arch). These are non-accredited, pre-professional degrees, and so these students must enroll in a Master of Architecture (M.Arch) program to be professionally licensed. However, enrolling in a pre-professional program may get a student into a shorter M.Arch program. Any architecturally-related curriculum may eventually make licensure possible, depending upon the laws or regulations of the jurisdiction in which the license is required.

The course of study of the Bachelor of Architecture includes studio courses on design and aesthetic theory, as well as practical courses on structures, building mechanical systems, electrical systems, plumbing and construction. Student work is often in the form of drawings and renderings, either through computer-aided design or drafting by hand. Students also build physical models and create presentation boards for drawings and graphics.

In nearly all architecture schools in the United States, student life and work revolves around a studio class. Other classes in the architecture curriculum are designed to support the concepts emphasized in studio. One particularly rigorous aspect of studio classes is the "critique" or "review." Students "pin-up" their models and presentation drawings for instructors (and students) who offer constructive criticism.

Colleges and universities in the United States where either an NAAB accredited Bachelor of Architecture or Master of Architecture degree can be obtained are listed below. Many schools offer an M.Arch as the first professional degree, preceded by a nonprofessional B.A./B.S. in Architecture undergraduate degree.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Arhitecture - Oceania Polytechnic Institute of Education". Archived from the original on 22 August 2006. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  2. ^ "ARCH , KUET". Retrieved 2018-08-01.
  3. ^ "Department of Architecture, SU". Archived from the original on 2018-08-05. Retrieved 2018-08-18.
  4. ^ "Accredited Programmes". RIAI. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  5. ^ "American University of Sharjah". Archived from the original on 2010-08-27. Retrieved 2010-09-14. AUS architecture program becomes first outside North America to receive prestigious NAAB accreditation
  6. ^ "UK Schools of Architecture with courses validated by the RIBA" (PDF). RIBA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-05-13.
  7. ^ "International schools validated by the RIBA" (PDF). RIBA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-07.
  8. ^ "RIBA Principles & Procedures for the Validation of International Courses and Examinations in Architecture" (PDF). RIBA.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "How to get ahead in China". RIBA. Archived from the original on 2013-09-20.
  10. ^ "Academy of Art University Accreditation Information". National Architectural Accrediting Board. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  11. ^ "NAAB Accredited Programs in Architecture". National Architectural Accrediting Board. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2014.