Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery
It is awarded after the study of five and a half years duration, including 1-year internship. A BAMS graduate is allowed to provide medical treatment in some states of India and Sri Lanka after registering oneself at the government-approved licensing body.
In India, there are more than 394 colleges that offer B.A.M.S degree.
The curriculum includes studying and teaching of along with corresponding Ayurvedic subjects such as Rachana Sharira, Kriya Sharira, Dravyuaguna, Svasthavritta and Yoga, Roga Nidana and Vikriti Vijnana, Kaya Chikitsa, Kaumara Bhritya, Prasuti Tantra, Shalya Tantra, Shalakya Tantra etc. along with human anatomy, physiology, pathology & diagnostic procedures, principles of medicine, pharmacology, toxicology, forensic medicine, E.N.T, gynecology & obstetrics, ophthalmology and principles of surgery from modern medicine. The syllabus also includes ancient and medieval classics, sometimes in Sanskrit language.
Serious flaws have been reported in the graduate-level education.
Permission to practice modern medicine
BAMS graduates have been permitted to practice modern medicine in the state of Maharashtra. In the state of Karnataka, BAMS doctors appointed in primary health centres in rural areas can practice modern-medicine in case of "emergencies".
After the completion of BAMS degree, one can either continue general practice or pursue higher studies (MD (Ayurveda)) & MS (Ayurveda) post-graduate diplomas in various subjects such as Panchakarma, Balaroga, etc. et al) or perform research. There are also opportunities to work in hospital and healthcare administration and health supervision.
Outside certain South Asian countries, Ayurveda is not integrated with the national health system, and is therefore punishable by law to practice it unless, in some cases, the practitioner also holds the license to prescribe modern medicine.
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- Prasad Kulkarni, Times of India, Pune editioeditiony 2012 Maharashtra: Ayurvedadoctors to go on strike on July 10 (Accessed on 11 July 2012)
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- Times news network, Shibu Thimas, Mumbai, 10 July 2012 BAMS doctor can apply for post of health supervisor: HC (Accessed on 11 July 2012)
- "Legal Status of Traditional Medicine and Complementary/Alternative Medicine: A Worldwide Review" (PDF). World Health Organization. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM), the apex body in India which regulates education and practice of BAMS doctors