Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery

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Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (B.H.M.S.) is an undergraduate degree programme in homeopathy[1] awarded upon graduation from medical school by universities in Pakistan,[2] India,[3][4] and Bangladesh.[5][6]

The course allows students to choose any specialization, such as Homeopathic Pharmacy, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Skin Specialist or Infertility.

In India[edit]

Eligibility[edit]

NEET, KEAM, TS EAMCET, AP EAMCET, and PU CET are entrance exams for BHMS.[7]

Syllabus[edit]

Syllabus of Homoeopathic Medicine & Surgery as prescribed by various Universities and Colleges.[8]

B.H.M.S. I

1: Organon of Medicine, Principles of Homeopathic Philosophy and Psychology

2: Anatomy, Histology and Embryology

3: Physiology including Biochemistry

4: Homeopathic Pharmacy

5: Homeopathic Materia Medical

B.H.M.S. II

1: Pathology and Microbiology including Parasitology Bacteriology and Virology

2: Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

3: Organon of Medicine and Principles of Homeopathic Philosophy

4: Homoeopathic Material Medical 5: Surgery including ENT, Eye Dental and Homeo Therapeutics

6: Obstetrics & Gynaecology Infant care and Homeo Therapeutics

7: Practice of Medicine and Homeo Therapeutics

B.H.M.S. III

1: Practice of Medicine and Homeo Therapeutics

2: Surgery including ENT, Ophthalmology & dental & Homeo Therapeutics

3: Obstetrics & Gynaecology Infant care & Homeo Therapeutics

4: Homeopathic Materia Medical

5: Organon of Medicine

B.H.M.S. IV

1: Practice of Medicine & Homeo Therapeutics

2: Homeopathic Materia Medical

3: Organon of Medicine

4: Repertory

5: Community Medicine

Employment[edit]

It has been reported that homeopathic doctors are facing an unemployment problem. In 2017, the students' union stated that the Assam Public Service Commission has not appointed even one medical officer (homoeopathy) since the BHMS began in the mid-90s.[9]

A rising number of people in India are preferring to use homeopathic medicines over conventional medicines, despite there being no good evidence that it works.[10] Most homeopathic doctors open private clinics or work in a multi-speciality chain of homeopathic clinics.

Criticism[edit]

Homeopathy is a pseudoscience and its remedies are no more effective than placebos.[11][12][13][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Raghu Korrapati, Dr (2017-07-06). Educational Equivalency Analysis: India & USA Degrees : 108 India Degrees and Equivalency to USA degrees. ISBN 9789352781171.
  2. ^ "Govt asked to set up university to promote homoeopathy".
  3. ^ MANDHANI, APOORVA (August 8, 2017). "Gujarat HC Quashes Rules Permitting Common Counselling By State For Management Quota Seats in Ayurveda Colleges [Read Judgment]". Live Law.
  4. ^ "Alternative Medicine: Emerging Careers". northeasttoday.in. March 23, 2017.
  5. ^ "Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh". 2012.
  6. ^ "Bangladesh Homoeopathic Board – Bangladesh Homoeopathic Board".
  7. ^ "NEET Required For Ayurveda, Homeopathy Courses: Gujarat High Court". India.com. August 3, 2017.
  8. ^ {{cite https://targetstudy.com/courses/bhms.html}}
  9. ^ BARMAN, HIRANYA (December 23, 2017). "Homeopathy students allege Dispur apathy". Telegraph India. Archived from the original on 2018-06-12.
  10. ^ "50% More Patients are Flocking to Homeopaths. Does it Work?". 2018-03-07.
  11. ^ Tuomela R (1987). "Chapter 4: Science, Protoscience, and Pseudoscience". In Pitt JC, Marcello P (eds.). Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Rational Changes in Science: Essays on Scientific Reasoning. 98. Springer. pp. 83–101. doi:10.1007/978-94-009-3779-6_4. ISBN 978-94-010-8181-8.
  12. ^ Smith K (2012). "Homeopathy is Unscientific and Unethical". Bioethics. 26 (9): 508–512. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8519.2011.01956.x.
  13. ^ Baran GR, Kiana MF, Samuel SP (2014). "Science, Pseudoscience, and Not Science: How do They Differ?". Chapter 2: Science, Pseudoscience, and Not Science: How Do They Differ?. Healthcare and Biomedical Technology in the 21st Century. Springer. pp. 19–57. doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-8541-4_2. ISBN 978-1-4614-8540-7. within the traditional medical community it is considered to be quackery
  14. ^ Mukunth, Vasudevan. "After BGR-34, Ministry of AYUSH Pushes #Homeopathy4Diabetes". thewire.in. Retrieved 2017-12-13.