Back bacon is a traditional British cut of typically unsmoked bacon sliced to include both the pork loin from the back and a bit of pork belly in the same cut. It is either wet- or dry-cured, and is much leaner than American style smoked side bacon made only from the pork belly. Back bacon is derived from the same cut used for pork chops, the loin.
In Australia, back bacon is known as 'middle bacon', not to be confused with 'short cut bacon', which does not include the pork belly. See Bacon#Australia and New Zealand. Short cut has the fatty edge trimmed off and consists only of the large oval of red meat. Long cut includes the thinner strip of fatty meat from the belly area, and doubles the length of the cut. This cut is more often used for pan frying while short cut is used more in gourmet dishes.
"Canadian bacon" is American usage for a form of roughly cylindrical fully cooked back bacon, usually smoked, trimmed into medallions, and thickly sliced. The term "Canadian bacon" is not actually used in Canada, where the product is generally known simply as "back bacon", while "bacon" alone refers to the same streaky pork belly bacon as in the United States. "Canadian" bacon is made only from the lean eye of the loin and is ready to eat; this preparation is closer to ham than standard bacon. Often referred to has bacon steak in Canada and Australia.
The product may have arisen from a unique form of back bacon which emerged in Southern Ontario called "peameal bacon", which is unsmoked wet cured pork loin trimmed like "Canadian bacon" and traditionally rolled in ground dried yellow peas to extend its shelf life. Today it is generally rolled in yellow cornmeal.
- Guise Bule (2014-01-04). "Research : British Back Bacon". Englishbreakfastsociety.com. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- The English Breakfast Society. "Home Of The Full English Breakfast". Englishbreakfastsociety.com. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- "Cuts and Nutrition" National Pork Board website
- Nutrition. "Canadian Bacon - Kitchen Dictionary". Food.com. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- Media related to Back bacon at Wikimedia Commons
- "A Guide to Bacon Styles, and How to Make Proper British Rashers" at thepauperedchef.com weblog