Back to the Future Part III
|Back to the Future Part III|
|Directed by||Robert Zemeckis|
|Screenplay by||Bob Gale|
|Music by||Alan Silvestri|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Box office||$246.1 million|
Back to the Future Part III is a 1990 American science fiction western comedy film. It is the third and final installment of the Back to the Future franchise. The film was directed by Robert Zemeckis, and stars Michael J. Fox, Christopher Lloyd, Mary Steenburgen, Thomas F. Wilson and Lea Thompson. The film continues immediately following Back to the Future Part II (1989); while stranded in 1955 during his time travel adventures, Marty McFly (Fox) discovers that his friend Dr. Emmett "Doc" Brown (Lloyd), trapped in 1885, was killed by Buford "Mad Dog" Tannen (Wilson), Biff's great-grandfather. Marty travels to 1885 to rescue Doc and return once again to 1985, but matters are complicated when Doc falls in love with Clara Clayton (Steenburgen).
Back to the Future Part III was filmed in California and Arizona, and was produced on a $40 million budget back-to-back with Part II. Part III was released in the United States on May 25, 1990, six months after the previous installment, and grossed $244 million worldwide during its initial run, making it the sixth-highest-grossing film of 1990. It received a positive response from critics, who noted it as an improvement over its predecessor.
On November 12, 1955, moments after witnessing Dr. Emmett Brown's apparent death, Marty has learned that he was transported to 1885.[N 1] Marty and the 1955 Doc have received Doc's 1885 letter and use its information to find and repair the DeLorean to return Marty to 1985; Doc's letter expresses his wishes to remain in the old west. Marty spots and photographs a tombstone with Doc's name, dated six days after the letter, and learns that Doc was shot in the back by Biff Tannen's great-grandfather, Buford "Mad Dog" Tannen, over a matter of $80.
Marty travels to September 2, 1885 to save Doc. He arrives amidst a cavalry pursuit of Native Americans. When the DeLorean's fuel line is torn, Marty hides the car in a cave only to be chased by a bear and knocked out. Found by his Irish-born great-great-grandparents Seamus and Maggie McFly, he spends the night at their farm. The next morning, he walks to Hill Valley and runs afoul of Buford and his gang. Buford attempts to lynch Marty, but Doc rescues him. Doc agrees to leave 1885 after seeing the photograph, but without gasoline, the DeLorean cannot reach 88 mph needed for time travel.
Doc proposes using a steam locomotive to push the DeLorean up to the required speed to return to 1985. While he and Marty inspect a rail spur, they spot a runaway horse-drawn wagon. Doc saves Clara Clayton, altering her death from the original timeline; they quickly fall in love. At a town festival, Buford tries shooting Doc, but Marty thwarts him. Buford then challenges Marty to a showdown in two days; an angry Marty accepts. Doc warns Marty to avoid being provoked by name-calling and lets slip that Marty has a car accident in the future. Doc's name in the photograph is erased but the date and tombstone remains.
Doc arrives to bid Clara goodbye, but she spurns him, disbelieving his story about being from the future. Despondent, he goes to the saloon for a binge. He passes out after one shot of whiskey. In the morning, Buford arrives and calls out Marty, who observes the photograph and sees "Clint Eastwood" (his 1885 alias) appear on the tombstone, so he refuses to duel Buford. Doc revives and tries fleeing with Marty, but Buford's gang forces Marty into the duel. Marty fools Buford into believing he fatally shot him, then knocks him into a wagon of manure. Buford is arrested for an earlier robbery.
On the train for San Francisco, Clara overhears a conversation about how heartbroken Doc is. Clara applies the emergency brake and walks back to Hill Valley. She discovers Doc's scale model of the time machine at his shop and, realizing he was telling the truth, rides after him. Using the stolen locomotive, Doc and Marty push the DeLorean along the spur line. Clara boards the locomotive while Doc climbs toward the DeLorean. Seeing Clara, Doc encourages her to reach him, but she falls, hanging by her dress. Marty, in the DeLorean, passes his futuristic hoverboard to Doc and he uses it to save Clara, coasting away as the locomotive falls off an unfinished railroad bridge and into the gulch; Marty is transported to 1985, arriving on the now completed bridge.
Marty, arriving back in 1985, escapes the powerless DeLorean before an oncoming train destroys it. The timeline has returned to normal, and Marty finds Jennifer sleeping on her porch. Marty has learned to no longer be goaded and avoids a street race with Douglas J. Needles, thus preventing the future automobile accident Doc warned him about. Jennifer opens the fax message she kept from 2015 and watches as its text regarding Marty's firing disappears.
As Marty and Jennifer examine the DeLorean wreckage, a steam locomotive equipped with a flux capacitor appears, operated by Doc, Clara, and their two young sons Jules and Verne. Doc gives Marty a photo of them standing next to the town clock that was taken in 1885. Jennifer asks about the fax, and Doc says it means that the future has not yet been written. Doc and his family say goodbye aboard the locomotive, which takes flight before disappearing into an unknown timeline.
- Michael J. Fox as Marty McFly / Seamus McFly
- Christopher Lloyd as Emmett "Doc" Brown
- Mary Steenburgen as Clara Clayton
- Thomas F. Wilson as Buford "Mad Dog" Tannen / Biff Tannen
- Lea Thompson as Maggie McFly / Lorraine Baines-McFly
- James Tolkan as Marshal James Strickland
- Matt Clark as Chester the Bartender
- Elisabeth Shue as Jennifer Parker
- Flea as Douglas J. Needles
The origins of the western theme for Back to the Future Part III lie in the production of the original film. During filming for the original, director Zemeckis asked Michael J. Fox what time period he would like to see. Fox replied that he wanted to visit the Old West and meet cowboys. Zemeckis and writer/producer Bob Gale were intrigued by the idea, but held it off until Part III. Rather than use existing sets, the filmmakers built the 1885 Hill Valley from scratch. The western scenes were filmed on location in Oak Park, California, and Monument Valley. Some of the location shooting for the 1885 Hill Valley was done in Jamestown, California, and on a purpose-built set at the Red Hills Ranch near Sonora, California. Some of the train scenes were filmed at Railtown 1897 State Historic Park, a heritage line in Jamestown. Whereas the original film played to a more materialistic idea of success, Zemeckis considered Part III more of a "human journey" with spiritual overtones.
The shooting of the Back to the Future sequels, which were shot back-to-back throughout 1989, reunited much of the crew of the original. The films were shot over the course of 11 months, save for a three-week hiatus between filming of Parts II and III and concluded in January 1990. The most grueling part was editing Part II while filming Part III, and Zemeckis bore the brunt of the process over a three-week period. While Zemeckis was shooting most of the train sequences in Sonora, Gale was in Los Angeles supervising the final dub of Part II. Zemeckis would wrap photography and board a private plane to Burbank, where Gale and engineers would greet him on the dubbing stage with dinner. He would oversee the reels completed that day, and make changes where needed. Afterwards, he would retire to the Sheraton Universal Hotel for the night. The following morning, Zemeckis would drive to the Burbank Airport, board a flight back to the set in Northern California, and continue to shoot the film.
Although the schedule for most of the personnel involved was grueling, the actors found the remote location for Part III relaxing, compared to shooting its predecessor.
The role of Clara Clayton was written with Mary Steenburgen in mind. When she received the script, however, she was reluctant to commit to the film until her kids, who loved Part I, 'hounded' her. Lloyd shared his first on-screen kiss with Steenburgen in Part III. The Hill Valley Festival Dance scene proved to be the most dangerous for Lloyd and Steenburgen; overzealous dancing left Steenburgen with a torn ligament in her foot.
The film also starred veteran western film actors Pat Buttram, Harry Carey Jr., and Dub Taylor, as three "saloon old timers". Buttram has done extensive voice work in several animated movies, particularly as the Sheriff of Nottingham in Walt Disney Productions' 1973 version of Robin Hood. The inclusion of these noticeable Western actors was promoted in several documentaries about the film as well as the behind-the-scenes documentary of the DVD and in the obituary of one of the actors. The musicians of the Old West–style band in the film were played by ZZ Top.
Shooting a film set in the Old West was appealing to the stuntmen, who were all experienced horse riders. "We had every great stuntman in Hollywood wanting to work on Part III," recalled Gale in 2002. Thomas F. Wilson, who played Buford Tannen, chose to perform his own stunts and spent a great deal of time learning to ride a horse and throw his lariat. Filming was halted when Fox's father died and when his son was born.
Alan Silvestri, through his longtime collaboration with Zemeckis, returned to compose the score for Back to the Future Part III. Rather than dictate how the music should sound, Zemeckis directed Silvestri as he would an actor, seeking to evoke emotion and treating every piece of music like a character.
The photography in Part III was a "dream" for cinematographer Dean Cundey, who agreed with much of the crew in his excitement to shoot a western. The filmmakers sought a bright, colorful picture for each scene, with a hint of sepia tone in certain shots. Zemeckis wished to create a spectacular climax to the film. He coordinated the actors, a live 4-6-0 ten wheeler steam locomotive, pyrotechnics, and special effects, and countless technicians all at once. As they had done with the previous two films in the trilogy, the visual effects for Part III were managed by effects company Industrial Light & Magic; the head of its animation department, Wes Takahashi, returned to once again animate the DeLorean's time travel sequences.
Home media release
On November 8, 1990, MCA/Universal Home Video released Back to the Future Part III on VHS and again on December 17, 2002 on DVD. A new remaster as part of Back to the Future: The Ultimate Trilogy on Blu-ray, Ultra HD Blu-ray and DVD was released on October 20, 2020.
The film grossed $23 million in its first weekend of U.S. release and $87.6 million altogether in U.S. box office receipts (or about $152.4 million when adjusted for inflation as of January 2011) – $243 million worldwide.
The review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes reported an 80% approval rating based on 44 reviews, with an average rating of 6.72/10. The site's critical consensus reads: "Back to the Future Part III draws the trilogy to a satisfying close with a simpler, sweeter round of time-travel antics." On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 55 out of 100, based on 19 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A–" on an A+ to F scale, same as the second installment.
Kim Newman of Empire gave the film four out of five stars, saying that the film "restores heart interest of the first film and has a satisfying complete storyline". He praised Michael J. Fox for "keeping the plot on the move," and mentioned that Christopher Lloyd and Mary Steenburgen's romance was "funny". He said that the film's ending was the "neatest of all," and it "features one of the best time machines in the cinema, promising that this is indeed the very last in the series and neatly wrapping it up for everybody.
Leonard Maltin preferred this film to the first two, giving it three-and-a-half stars out of four, saying it "offers great fun, dazzling special effects, and imagination to spare. There's real movie magic at work here." Michael McWhertor of the website Polygon wrote that while the film was not better than the original entry in the series, it is nonetheless "leagues better than the second"; he praised the film's comedic and romantic elements and commended Thomas F. Wilson's performance as "Mad Dog" Tannen.
Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film two-and-a-half out of four stars. He said that the film's western motifs are "a sitcom version that looks exactly as if it were built on a back lot somewhere". Although Vincent Canby of The New York Times praised Christopher Lloyd's performance in the film, he also said that the film "looks as if it could be the beginning of a continuing television series". He complained that the film is "so sweet-natured and bland that it is almost instantly forgettable".
Actually, I've played the same scene in that film (Time After Time) and in (BTTF) 'Part III,.. I've had a man from a different time period tell me that he's in love with me, but he has to go back to his own time. My response in both cases is, of course, disbelief, and I order them out of my life. Afterwards, I find out I was wrong and that, in fact, the man is indeed from another time, and I go after him (them) to profess my love. It's a pretty strange feeling to find yourself doing the same scene, so many years apart, for the second time in your career.
The casting of Steenburgen for Back to the Future III appears to be deliberately intended to mirror the earlier role. In Time After Time, the woman lives in the 20th century and the time traveller is from the 19th. In Back to the Future III, the woman inhabits the 19th century and the time traveller is from the 20th. In both films, the woman eventually goes back with the time traveller to live in his own time period.
In 1990, the film won a Saturn Award for Best Music for Alan Silvestri and a Best Supporting Actor award for Thomas F. Wilson. In 2003, it received an AOL Movies DVD Premiere Award for Best Special Edition of the Year, an award based on consumer online voting.
- As depicted at the end of Back to the Future Part II (1989).
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I was noticing the time-traveling ties between 'Time After Time' (1979) and another movie 'Back to the Future III' (1990), a film also starring Mary Steenburgen. In 'Time After Time', she played Amy Robbins, a 20th Century woman who falls in love with a time traveller, H.G. Wells (played by Malcolm McDowell) from the 19th Century.... In Back to the Future Part III (1990), she played Clara Clayton, a 19th Century woman who falls in love with a time traveller, (played by Christopher Lloyd) from the 20th Century.
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Steenburgen was sought to play Clara in part based on her role in this movie where she plays the love interest of another time traveller. Instead of a man from the future who is a fan of a famed 19th century sci-fi and fantasy author, her leading man is from the past and an actual famed 19th century sci-fi and fantasy author, H.G. Wells (Malcolm McDowell)... he brings Steenburgen's character back to his own time period, just as Doc does with Clara.
- "Ultimate Facts: back to the Future Part III". thefilmbox.org. Archived from the original on August 18, 2019. Retrieved February 20, 2019.
The role of Clara Clayton was written specifically for Mary Steenburgen. – In the film, Clara Clayton is a 19th Century woman who falls in love with a time traveler from the 20th Century. In Time After Time (1979), Mary Steenburgen played Amy Robbins, a 20th Century woman who falls in love with a time traveler from the 19th Century.Century.
- Sorcha Ní Fhlainn (August 1, 2016). "'There's Something Very Familiar About All This': Time Machines, Cultural Tangents, and Mastering Time in H.G. Wells's The Time Machine and the Back to the Future trilogy". Adaptation. 9 (2): 164. doi:10.1093/adaptation/apv028. Archived from the original on February 20, 2019. Retrieved February 20, 2019.
The conclusion to Back to the Future III (where both Doc and Clara travel to 1985 to meet with Marty once more, in a new time machine constructed within a steam-powered locomotive), intertextually connects this moment with the conclusion of Meyer's Time After Time, where H.G. Wells (Malcolm McDowell) not only prevents Jack the Ripper (David Warner) from continuing his murder spree in San Francisco in 1979, but also brings Amy Robbins (also played by Mary Steenburgen) back to Victorian England with him. Thus, both women are positioned as a reward for the time traveller's dedication and emotional connection to the machine. Both Clara and Amy are permanently relocated by their respective masters of time, just as Wells's Time Traveller had intended with Weena.
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