The song features simple downtuned riffs, plus tribal drumming and blabbering; it also plays berimbau to begin the song. Lyrically, this political song is about demoting national government back to local tribal society. Every choruses begin with 'Back to the Primitive', except for the first line of lyric 'Um dois treis quatro' (one two three four in Portuguese) to begin the song, and verses containing just 'Primitive' per line.
This song begins with a berimbau, but it is not the case for the accompanying music video. Instead the intro plays tribal percussion with 'Soulfly' chants alternately by Cavalera and spectators. The drumming intro lasts 29 seconds, compared to just 23 seconds for the berimbau intro. The most dramatic scene in the video is a man jumping onto the crowd.