Backnang

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Backnang
Backnang-Marktstrasse.jpg
Coat of arms of Backnang
Coat of arms
Backnang   is located in Germany
Backnang
Backnang
Coordinates: 48°56′47″N 09°25′50″E / 48.94639°N 9.43056°E / 48.94639; 9.43056Coordinates: 48°56′47″N 09°25′50″E / 48.94639°N 9.43056°E / 48.94639; 9.43056
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Stuttgart
District Rems-Murr-Kreis
Government
 • Lord Mayor Frank Nopper (CDU)
Area
 • Total 39.37 km2 (15.20 sq mi)
Elevation 271 m (889 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 36,266
 • Density 920/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 71501–71522
Dialling codes 07191
Vehicle registration WN, BK
Website www.backnang.de

Backnang (About this sound pronunciation ) is a town in Germany in the Bundesland of Baden-Württemberg, roughly 30 kilometres (19 miles) northeast of Stuttgart. Its population has increased greatly over the past century, from 7,650 in 1900 to 35,761 in 2005.

Backnang was ceded to Württemberg by the Baden (Zähringer family) in 1325.[2] Backnang has been known as Gerberstadt due to several tanneries and leather factories, and wool and cloth mills that dominated Backnang's industries. Today, all of these have vanished and, instead, telecommunication companies like Ericsson (formerly AEG, Telefunken, ANT Nachrichtentechnik, Bosch and Marconi) and Tesat-Spacecom dominate the town's industries. The Stiftskirche, formerly the church of Backnang Abbey, dates back to the 12th century.

Backnang's hosts the annual Strassenfest during the last weekend in June. It has been founded as a street festival where local sports and cultural clubs offered drinks and foods. The traditional opening of the Strassenfest is marked with cannon shots from the city tower at 6 p.m. on Friday and ends with the Zapfenstreich on the following Monday at 11 p.m. The Strassenfest tends to attract more than 100,000 spectators.

Another cultural event in Backnang is the annual Murr-Regatta organized by the Jugendzentrum (youth center). It is generally held two weeks after the street festival. The Regatta is a race down the river Murr in self-made boats. Besides the prize for the fastest boat, an environmental prize is awarded to the crew that collects the most rubbish along the way, an originality prize is given to the most creative crew, and a drunkenness prize to the most inebriated crew.

The local Jugendzentrum (youth center) has been independently self-administered by Backnang's youth and young adults for more than 30 years. It hosts numerous concerts and contributes events to the cultural life of Backnang.

Population development[edit]

  • 1849: 4.464
  • 1871: 4.472
  • 1900: 7.650
  • 1925: 8.811
  • 1939: 11.601
  • 1946: 15.412
  • 1961: 23.725
  • 1975: 29.614
  • 1995: 33.882
  • 2010: 35.395

Mayors[edit]

Since 1930 mayor, since 1956 Lord Mayor.

  • 1901–1921: Hermann Eckstein
  • 1921–1945: Albert Rienhardt
  • 1946–1966: Walter Baumgärtner
  • 1966–1986: Martin Dietrich (1929-2012)
  • 1986–1994: Hannes Rieckhoff (born 1944)
  • 1994–2002: Jürgen-Heinrich Schmidt (born 1942)
  • since 2002: Frank Nopper, (born 1961), reelected in February 2010[3]
Stiftshof, the local court, on the right
Christmas market 2010

International relations[edit]

Backnang's twin towns include:

People from Backnang[edit]

  • Eduard Breuninger (1854–1932), entrepreneur, founder of Breuninger company
  • Eugen Haefele (1874–1935), Württembergian official
  • Anna Ziegler (1882–1942), politician (USPD, SPD), member of the Reichstag
  • Friedrich Rösch (1883–1914), missionary and Egyptologist
  • Richard Ottmar (1889–1956), theologian and timetable expert
  • Ferdinand Schneider (chemist), (1911–1984), chemist (sugar technology)
  • Alois Albrecht (born 1936), Roman Catholic priest and songwriter,
  • Dieter Burger (politician), (1938–2007), politician, 1977–1993 Mayor of Sindelfingen
  • Volker Hauff (born 1940), politician (SPD), MP, Federal Minister, former Mayor of Frankfurt am Main
  • Thomas Freitag (comedian), (born 1950), actor and cabaret artist
  • Thomas Mayer (economist), (born 1955), Chief Economist of the Deutsche Bank
  • Andreas Brown (politician), (born 1964), politician from 1999 to 2006 North Rhine Chairman of Alliance 90 / The Greens in Baden-Württemberg
  • Christian Lange (politician), (born 1964), politician, Member of the German Bundestag and Parliamentary Secretary of the SPD parliament group
  • Jens Weidmann (born 1968), president of the Bundesbank, made in Backnang his Abitur
  • Andreas Hinkel, (born 1982), SC Freiburg and Germany footballer.
  • Ralf Rangnick, (born 1958), football manager
  • Julian Schieber, (born 1989), Hertha Berlin, Germany footballer.
  • Lisa und Lena, (born 2002), Social Media Stars

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016. 
  2. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Backnang". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 135. 
  3. ^ Frank Nopper mit 87 Prozent im Amt bestätigt, Backnanger Kreiszeitung vom 8. Februar 2010
  4. ^ "Chelmsford Town Twinning Association". Retrieved 2013-07-14.