Backnang

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Backnang
Backnang-Marktstrasse.jpg
Coat of arms of Backnang
Coat of arms
Location of Backnang
Backnang is located in Germany
Backnang
Backnang
Backnang is located in Baden-Württemberg
Backnang
Backnang
Coordinates: 48°56′47″N 09°25′50″E / 48.94639°N 9.43056°E / 48.94639; 9.43056Coordinates: 48°56′47″N 09°25′50″E / 48.94639°N 9.43056°E / 48.94639; 9.43056
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionStuttgart
DistrictRems-Murr-Kreis
SubdivisionsKernstadt und 5 Stadtteile
Government
 • Lord MayorFrank Nopper (CDU)
Area
 • Total39.37 km2 (15.20 sq mi)
Elevation
271 m (889 ft)
Population
 (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total36,893
 • Density940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
71501–71522
Dialling codes07191
Vehicle registrationWN, BK
Websitewww.backnang.de

Backnang (About this soundpronunciation ; Swabian: Bagene) is a town in Germany in the Bundesland of Baden-Württemberg, roughly 30 km (19 mi) northeast of Stuttgart. Its population has increased greatly over the past century, from 7,650 in 1900 to 35,761 in 2005.

Backnang was ceded to Württemberg by the Baden (Zähringer family) in 1325.[2] Backnang has been known as Gerberstadt due to several tanneries and leather factories, and wool and cloth mills that dominated Backnang's industries. Today, all of these have vanished, and instead, telecommunication companies such as Ericsson (formerly AEG, Telefunken, ANT Nachrichtentechnik, Bosch and Marconi) and Tesat-Spacecom dominate the town's industries. The Stiftskirche, formerly the church of Backnang Abbey, dates back to the 12th century.

Backnang hosts the annual Strassenfest during the last weekend in June. It has been founded as a street festival where local sports and cultural clubs offered drinks and foods. The traditional opening of the Strassenfest is marked with cannon shots from the city tower at 6 pm on Friday and ends with the Zapfenstreich on the following Monday at 11 pm. The Strassenfest typically attracts more than 100,000 spectators.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1849:4,464—    
1871:4,472+0.2%
1900:7,650+71.1%
1925:8,811+15.2%
1939:11,601+31.7%
1946:15,412+32.9%
1961:23,725+53.9%
1975:29,614+24.8%
1995:33,882+14.4%
2010:35,395+4.5%

Mayors[edit]

Before 1930 the title for this position was Stadtschultheiß. In 1930 the title became Bürgermeister (Mayor), and in 1956 with the elevation of Backnang to a "large district town," the title was changed to Oberbürgermeister (Lord Mayor).

  • 1901–1921: Hermann Eckstein
  • 1921–1945: Albert Rienhardt
  • 1946–1966: Walter Baumgärtner
  • 1966–1986: Martin Dietrich (1929-2012)
  • 1986–1994: Hannes Rieckhoff (born 1944)
  • 1994–2002: Jürgen-Heinrich Schmidt (born 1942)
  • since 2002: Frank Nopper, (born 1961), reelected in February 2010[3] and in February 2018[4]
Stiftshof, the local court, on the right
Christmas market 2010

International relations[edit]

Backnang's twin towns include:

People from Backnang[edit]

  • Eduard Breuninger (1854–1932), entrepreneur, founder of Breuninger company
  • Eugen Haefele (1874–1935), Württembergian official
  • Anna Ziegler (1882–1942), politician (USPD, SPD), member of the Reichstag
  • Friedrich Rösch (1883–1914), missionary and Egyptologist
  • Richard Ottmar (1889–1956), theologian and timetable expert
  • Ferdinand Schneider (1911–1984), chemist (sugar technology)
  • Alois Albrecht (born 1936), Roman Catholic priest and songwriter
  • Dieter Burger (politician), (1938–2007), politician, 1977–1993 Mayor of Sindelfingen
  • Volker Hauff (born 1940), politician (SPD), MP, Federal Minister, former Mayor of Frankfurt am Main
  • Thomas Freitag (born 1950), actor and cabaret artist
  • Thomas Mayer (born 1954), Chief Economist of the Deutsche Bank
  • Andreas Brown (born 1964), politician from 1999 to 2006 North Rhine Chairman of Alliance 90 / The Greens in Baden-Württemberg
  • Christian Lange (born 1964), politician, member of the German Bundestag and Parliamentary Secretary of the SPD parliament group
  • Jens Weidmann (born 1968), president of the Bundesbank, made his Abitur in Backnang
  • Andreas Hinkel (born 1982), SC Freiburg and Germany footballer
  • Ralf Rangnick (born 1958), football manager
  • Julian Schieber (born 1989), Hertha Berlin and Germany footballer
  • Lisa and Lena (born 2002), social media stars

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2017". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Backnang" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 135.
  3. ^ Frank Nopper mit 87 Prozent im Amt bestätigt, Backnanger Kreiszeitung vom 8. Februar 2010
  4. ^ "87,1 Prozent: Frank Nopper gewinnt OB-Wahl". Backnanger Kreiszeitung. Retrieved 2018-06-20.
  5. ^ "Chelmsford Town Twinning Association". Retrieved 2013-07-14.