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|• Lord Mayor||Frank Nopper (CDU)|
|• Total||39.37 km2 (15.20 sq mi)|
|• Density||900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Vehicle registration||WN, BK|
Backnang ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a town in Germany in the Bundesland of Baden-Württemberg, roughly 30 kilometres (19 miles) northeast of Stuttgart. Its population has increased greatly over the past century, from 7,650 in 1900 to 35,761 in 2005.
Backnang was ceded to Württemberg by the Baden (Zähringer family) in 1325. Backnang has been known as Gerberstadt due to several tanneries and leather factories, and wool and cloth mills that dominated Backnang's industries. Today, all of these have vanished and, instead, telecommunication companies like Ericsson (formerly AEG, Telefunken, ANT Nachrichtentechnik, Bosch and Marconi) and Tesat-Spacecom dominate the town's industries. The Stiftskirche, formerly the church of Backnang Abbey, dates back to the 12th century.
Backnang's cultural highlight is the annual Strassenfest during the last weekend in June. It has been founded as a street festival where local sports and cultural clubs offered drinks and foods. The traditional opening of the Strassenfest is marked with cannon shots from the picturesque city tower at 6 p.m. on Friday and ends with the Zapfenstreich on the following Monday at 11 p.m. The Strassenfest tends to attract more than 100,000 spectators.
Another cultural highlight in Backnang is the annual Murr-Regatta organized by the Jugendzentrum (youth center). It is generally held two weeks after the street festival. The Regatta is a race down the river Murr in self-made boats. Besides the prize for the fastest boat, an environmental prize is awarded to the crew that collects the most rubbish along the way, an originality prize is given to the most creative crew, and a drunkenness prize to the most inebriated crew.
The local Jugendzentrum (youth center) is remarkable as it has been independently self-administered by Backnang's youth and young adults for more than 30 years. It hosts numerous concerts and contributes events to the cultural life of Backnang.
Backnang's twin towns include:
People from Backnang
- Eduard Breuninger (1854-1932), entrepreneur, founder of Breuninger company
- Eugen Haefele (1874-1935), Württembergian official
- Anna Ziegler (1882-1942), politician (USPD, SPD), member of the Reichstag
- Friedrich Rosch (1883-1914), missionary and Egyptologist
- Richard Ottmar (1889-1956), theologian and timetable expert
- Ferdinand Schneider (chemist), (1911-1984), chemist (sugar technology)
- Alois Albrecht (* 1936), Roman Catholic priest and songwriter,
- Dieter Burger (politician), (1938-2007), politician, 1977-1993 Mayor of Sindelfingen
- Volker Hauff (born 1940), politician (SPD), MP, Federal Minister, former Mayor of Frankfurt am Main
- Thomas Freitag (comedian), (born 1950), actor and cabaret artist
- Thomas Mayer (economist), (born 1955), Chief Economist of the Deutsche Bank
- Andreas Brown (politician), (* 1964), politician from 1999 to 2006 North Rhine Chairman of Alliance 90 / The Greens in Baden-Württemberg
- Christian Lange (politician), (born 1964), politician, Member of the German Bundestag and Parliamentary Secretary of the SPD parliament group
- Jens Weidmann (* 1968), president of the Bundesbank, made in Backnang his Abitur
- Andreas Hinkel, (* 1982), SC Freiburg and Germany footballer.
- Ralf Rangnick, (* 1958), football manager
- Julian Schieber, (* 1989), Hertha Berlin, Germany footballer.
- http://www.backnang.de - Official homepage
- http://www.traumzeit-theater.de/TraumZeit-Theater-KalanagMuseum.htm - Kalanag Museum
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Backnang.|
- "Bevölkerungsentwicklung in den Gemeinden Baden-Württembergs 2014 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen)" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Backnang". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 135.
- "Chelmsford Town Twinning Association". Retrieved 2013-07-14.
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