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Backyard cricket, street cricket, beach cricket, gully cricket, corridor cricket, deef or garden cricket is an informal ad hoc variant of the game of cricket, played by people of all genders and all ages in gardens, back yards, on the street, in parks, carparks, beaches and any area not specifically intended for the purpose.
Backyard cricket has connotations to the past time of Australian children who had large expansive backyards where they were able to play this informal game of sport often with friends, family and neighbours.
Whilst loosely based upon the game of cricket, many aspects are improvised: the playing ground, the rules, the teams, and the equipment. Quite often there are no teams at all; the players take turns at batting and there is often no emphasis on actually scoring runs. The bat can be anything, as long as it can hit the ball and can be suitably held in the hands. However, usage of a bat is necessary. A ball is the other essential item. Tennis balls are often used due to the fact that they are less likely to inflict injuries than a cricket ball. They are also much cheaper and more readily available than a leather cricket ball and are easier to hit due to their slower air-speed and relative lightness. Tennis balls also bounce more than normal cricket balls, especially at low speeds. Often a tennis ball will be heavily taped on one side to give the ball extra 'swing'. This is known as a 'swing ball'—swing balls may be made with: gaffer tape, electrical tape, plumbing tape or any other kind of tape available. The pitch can be any stretch of ground that is reasonably flat. The wicket may be any convenient object – a chair, a cardboard box, a set of long twigs or sticks, a rubbish bin, tree or a drawing on the wall. Often, the wicket is by no means close to the official size, but it is used anyway. A wicket at the non-striker's end is generally a single stump if proper stumps are available and in the absence of larger objects may be just a hat or a shoe. Its main purpose is to mark the bowler's crease, but can be instrumental when there are two batters and one may be run out.
Garden/backyard cricket in South Africa and Australia is considered by many to be the pinnacle event of social and sporting excellence in the summer period. Many games are paired with a barbecue which often has a carnival atmosphere.
Backyard cricket allows for rules to be changed, and the rules being played by will depend on the context and physical environment of the game. However a list of the typical rules which are used most of the time are as follows:
- No Golden Ducks – A batsman cannot be given out without scoring - they always get a second go.
- First ball rule: (A stricter alternative to No Golden Ducks) A batter cannot be given out on the first ball they face. This and the No Golden Ducks rule are commonly applied to those with little cricketing skill.
- Wicket material – Generally a garbage bin is used, but any material is okay.
- Pitch – Pitch should be between 33 yards and 11.
- One Hand, Once Bounce - If the batsman has hit the ball into the ground, but it has only bounced once, they can still be given out caught, but only if the fielder catches the ball with one hand.
- One Hand, One Bounce, One Beer - An alternate to the one hand, one bounce rule where the fielder must also be in possession of a beverage (traditionally a beer) in order to enact the rule and get the batsman out.
- Six and Out - If you hit it over the fence you're out and you have to get the ball. This rule is especially popular in small backyards, and encourages the batsman to exercise control and restraint by aiming for 4's instead of 6's.
- Auto Wickie — If playing in front of a garage door or similar, the structure takes on the role of wicket keeper. Any balls making contact with the auto wickie without bouncing, or "on the full", is considered out. Catches (ie. from snicks) also apply.
- Hit and Run — (also known as Tip and Run) If the batsman's bat makes contact with the ball they must run.
Play on an actual beach can be achieved either by using the flat strip of hard-packed sand along the surf line as the pitch, or by only "bowling" gentle full tosses to avoid the problem of the ball not bouncing off loose sand. If there are no true stumps available a bin, deckchair, boogie board or cool box may be used.
In beach cricket the creases and the boundary are normally drawn in the sand in a line which extends well past the side of the agreed pitch to prevent them becoming obliterated in the first over. The batsmen will frequently redraw the line. Sometimes, play is shifted along the beach to a new pitch as the packed sand of the original pitch is turned up, thus reducing the standard of or even completely disabling bowling.
The tide plays a big part in the standard of the pitch in beach cricket. During low tide, the pitch tends to be on the semi-wet sand, and is deemed superior than cricket played in high tide (when the pitch is on dryer, looser sand). In particularly long matches, the play will shift up and down the beach depending on the tide.
In Brazil, the game is called "taco"(cue) or "bets" and is very practiced by young people on the beaches, in the streets and in schools. Its rules are very similar including the traditional cricket. There are several versions about the origin of the "taco". One is that the game was created by fishermen in Brazil during the eighteenth century; another is that it was practiced by the British Company of the Indies, who played club in the ship's hold during the latch trip of the oceans. To this tradition, the game is a descendant of "cricket"
In the Dominican Republic
In the Dominican Republic exists "la Plaquita" ('The little Plate') or "la Placa" ('The Plate'), a street variation played between two couples, usually making use of broomsticks as bats, rubber or tennis balls, and old license plates as wickets (with their ends twisted to make them stand up). The game is divided in alternate 3-out innings like in baseball. The first team to reach 100 or 200 runs wins.
- McGrath, Steve. Bringing back a piece of the Aussie backyard (online). Australasian Parks and Leisure, Vol. 15, No. 1, Autumn 2012: 27-28. ISSN 1446-5604. [cited 14 Aug 14]. (subscription required)
- Glover, Richard. "The Rules of Backyard Cricket". Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- Waugh, Steve. "Backyard cricket: The Official Rules (by Steve Waugh)". Retrieved 5 August 2015.
- "Backyard Cricket". www.topendsports.com. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Non-professional cricket.|
- "The Laws of Backyard Cricket". Dennis Does Cricket. * "Open thread: The Laws of Backyard Cricket". Dennis Does Cricket.
- Backyard cricket serious business for some with pitches popping up across Melbourne each summer | Herald Sun
- "Backyard cricket: where the champions learn their craft". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- "Backyard cricket survey - a nation divided". The New Zealand Herald. * "Open thread: backyard cricket – your favourite memories". the Guardian.
- "Backyard cricket - the definitive guide". theland.com.au.
- "Backyard cricket rises from Aireys Inlet's ashes". The Age.
- Get active: Backyard cricket | Herald Sun * "Players turn out for backyard cricket". Stuff. 26 December 2014.
- Chris Lynn believes backyard cricket helped him earn call-up to Australia's T20 side | The Courier-Mail
- Roger Caillois' Man, Play and Games (University of Illinois Press, 2001, ISBN 0-252-07033-X.)