Baclayon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Baclayon, Bohol)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Baclayon
Municipality of Baclayon
Baclayon municipal building
Baclayon municipal building
Map of Bohol with Baclayon highlighted
Map of Bohol with Baclayon highlighted
Baclayon is located in Philippines
Baclayon
Baclayon
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°37′22″N 123°54′48″E / 9.622681°N 123.913472°E / 9.622681; 123.913472Coordinates: 9°37′22″N 123°54′48″E / 9.622681°N 123.913472°E / 9.622681; 123.913472
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Visayas (Region VII)
ProvinceBohol
District1st District
Founded1595
Barangays17 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorBenecio R. Uy
 • Vice MayorRomulo A. Balangkig
 • CongressmanEdgardo M. Chatto
 • Electorate13,774 voters (2019)
Area
[2]
 • Total34.43 km2 (13.29 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total20,591
 • Density600/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Economy
 • Income class4th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence15.78% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue (₱)69,770,872.84 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6301
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)38
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesBoholano dialect
Cebuano
Tagalog
Websitewww.baclayon.gov.ph

Baclayon, officially the Municipality of Baclayon, (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Baclayon; Tagalog: Bayan ng Baclayon), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 20,591 people.[3]

It is the home town of actor Cesar Montano,[5] and physicist Caesar Saloma.

The town of Baclayon, Bohol celebrates its feast on December 10, to honor the town patron Immaculate Conception.[6]

History[edit]

Baclayon was the first municipality to be established in Bohol by the Spaniards and included originally the areas now made up by the municipalities of Alburquerque, Balilihan, Corella, and Sikatuna. Its original name was Bacayan, from the root word bacay, meaning "detour" in reference to the fact that travellers used to make a detour there around a rocky cliff.[7]

In 1595, two Jesuit priests, Juan de Torres and Gabriel Sanchez, arrived in Bohol to convert the local populace to Catholicism. With native help, they built a stone church which is considered as one of the oldest stone churches in the Philippines, and marked the beginning of the town. In 1600, Moros raided the fledgling settlement, which prompted the Jesuits to relocate their residencia to Loboc.[8][9]

In 1717, Baclayon gained status of a parish. In 1742, Tagbilaran was separated from Baclayon, followed by Alburquerque in 1868, Balilihan in 1828, and Corella in 1884.[8]

Barangays[edit]

Baclayon comprises 17 barangays:

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[10]
071205003 Buenaventura 1.9% 395 426 −1.43%
071205001 Cambanac 2.0% 407 395 0.57%
071205002 Dasitam 3.7% 752 700 1.37%
071205004 Guiwanon 7.2% 1,474 1,249 3.20%
071205005 Landican 4.2% 869 708 3.98%
071205006 Laya 5.2% 1,068 1,001 1.24%
071205007 Libertad 6.4% 1,315 1,219 1.45%
071205008 Montana 8.3% 1,719 1,613 1.22%
071205009 Pamilacan 6.9% 1,418 1,422 −0.05%
071205010 Payahan 4.5% 920 821 2.19%
071205011 Poblacion 9.8% 2,009 1,905 1.02%
071205012 San Isidro 4.5% 919 775 3.30%
071205013 San Roque 7.2% 1,478 1,424 0.71%
071205014 San Vicente 6.1% 1,249 1,130 1.92%
071205015 Santa Cruz 9.3% 1,913 1,442 5.53%
071205016 Taguihon 9.1% 1,877 1,689 2.03%
071205017 Tanday 3.9% 809 711 2.49%
Total 20,591 18,630 1.92%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Baclayon
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 8,055—    
1918 9,000+0.74%
1939 9,453+0.23%
1948 8,379−1.33%
1960 9,050+0.64%
1970 10,704+1.69%
1975 10,490−0.40%
1980 10,776+0.54%
1990 11,986+1.07%
1995 12,808+1.25%
2000 14,996+3.44%
2007 18,015+2.56%
2010 18,630+1.23%
2015 20,591+1.92%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][10][11][12]

Tourism[edit]

Baclayon church
Baclayon church (during a wedding)

Baclayon is known for its historic Catholic church, declared a National Cultural Treasure in 1995 because it is considered the best preserved of its kind in the region. Its first structure was built in 1595, but the current building is from 1724 and is of Spanish Colonial architecture. The church includes a small museum, with relics dating back to the early 16th century, and adjoining 21-metre (69 ft) high bell tower. Nearby are centuries-old stone buildings like the hermita, and elementary school, as well as the historic public marketplace, a Spanish-era building with giant stone columns supporting the roof.[5][13] In 2013, the church and bell tower were severely damaged by the 2013 Bohol earthquake.

There are 67 or more Spanish colonial ancestral houses in the municipality, many of them along the main road. The houses, in various stages of preservation or neglect, show Spanish-Filipino wooden craftsmanship and styling, some of which were constructed as early as 1853. They are often utilized for cultural shows and tours, festivals and fiestas, as well as some having been turned into inns.[13]

The municipality also has jurisdiction over the dolphin- and whale-watching island of Pamilacan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Bohol". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. ^ a b "What to see and what to do in Bohol, Philippines". www.bohol.ph. 27 January 2011. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
  6. ^ "Bohol Festivals Timetable". "www.bohol-philippines.com". Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  7. ^ "Municipality of Baclayon". Province of Bohol. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  8. ^ a b "History of Baclayon". Talibon, Bohol, Philippines: A1 Online Communication and Advertising Services. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
  9. ^ Hellingman 2002.
  10. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  12. ^ "Province of Bohol". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  13. ^ a b "Baclayon Tourist Attractions". Talibon, Bohol, Philippines: A1 Online Communication and Advertising Services. Retrieved 2012-09-10.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]