|Baconao Biosphere Reserve|
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Location of Baconao Biosphere Reserve in Cuba
|Nearest city||Santiago de Cuba|
|Area||848.57 km2 (327.63 sq mi) |
|Governing body||El Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Medio Ambiente (CITMA)|
The name Baconao is related to the name of a little native who lived in the south of Cuba during the pre-Columbian period. Legend mentions a magical tree, called bacona, that allowed the child to play music from the lagoon's snails.
This little Cuban was known for his fishing and swimming skills, as well as playing Batos (Cuban original baseball game).
The child used to sit under the bacona tree to play music from his snail. Everybody in the village was fascinated, and thought that the ability to play the music was a gift from the magical tree. Therefore, they began to call the child Baconao.
One day, the young boy left the village for a trip, and never came back. The villagers believed that the child's magic returned to the trees, and as time passed, the whole area got the name Baconao.
- Great Rock (Gran Piedra)
- Prehistoric Valley
- Farm (Granjita Siboney)
- Botanical Garden
There is also a 0.45 km2 (0.17 sq mi) garden, called Jardin Ave de Paraiso, dating from 1860, that was laid out on a former coffee plantation and features a series of colour-coded gardens with unique scents and displays in each.
- Museum of History of Terrestrial Transport
The museum displays over 2,500 small-scale car replicas.
- Baconao Lagoon
- DTCuba - Baconao Park